Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

A clause used to join two sentences together, or to provide more information about something.

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Is the preposition “for” missing, though at the end of the relative clause?

I've come across this sentence in a document. Newly-built village houses refer to village houses for which a certificate of compliance is applied. Is a "for" missing after "applied&...
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135 views

Correct use of “being”

Is the use of being correct in the following sentence? "Accordingly, similar reports were found in the literature, being possible to establish a link among the three definitions"
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1answer
256 views

Rephrase consecutive relative clauses with the relative pronoun 'that'

Sometimes I tend to use multiple relative clauses (especially with the relative pronoun 'that') after the same antecedent to provide a chain of information. However, I don't know if it sounds natural ...
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1answer
31 views

Children and spouses of people who prefer music that was popular twenty years ago

Children and spouses of people who prefer music that was popular twenty years ago are idiots. Here the pronoun who refers to what? Is it children and spouses of "people who prefer music that was ...
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1answer
132 views

Is this a participle phrase? Hints on what to look at to grammatically discern phrases

“The world is full of magic things, patiently waiting for our senses to grow sharper.” ― W.B. Yeats I think the words marked in bold are a participle phrase. The adverb patiently modifies the ...
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“That's your only friend that I've ever met.” Why is this an impossible sentence?

I read the following note in The American Heritage Dictionary of English Language. Grammarians have sometimes condemned categorically the so-called double genitive construction, as in a friend of my ...
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1answer
17 views

Should I use a comma before a reduced and defining relative clause in this sentence?

A simple linear relationship between force and displacement known as Hooke's Law was discovered in the 1600s. I wrote this sentence and intended to use a reduced and defining relative clause, "...
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9 views

Can I use a non-defining and defining clause for the same noun?

I'm curious if I can use a non-defining and defining clause/phrase in a row for the same noun in a sentence. For instance, I sold the ring, an expensive one, that I bought a few years ago. (I intend ...
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1answer
69 views

Using Which Not Where

I have read the related questions answered here but still don't know how I can convince a learner not to use where in the second gap. They simply believe whenever a word refers to a place (no matter ...
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26 views

Conditionals and relative clauses

Some questions about the second conditional and relative clauses. (My friend is eating a popsicle.) (1) Me: If I had money on me, I would buy a popsicle you are eating right now. (revised) Me: If I ...
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19 views

Can you use “that” in a non-defining relative clause?

Two examples: Setting off fireworks is a long tradition that has existed for centuries. These days, we buy more and more things that we don't need. According to the (simplified) rules, we can check ...
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35 views

Question word(s), subject and verb of subordinate-clause in “Could you tell me which flight he will be on”

I'm trying to find subordinate-clauses' subjects and verbs, but there's something that confuses me: For example when I'm looking for the question word, subject, and verb in: "I don't know who ...
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160 views

“I saw him who was smiling”

I saw him smiling. Here the participle smiling acts as an adjective, right? I think something is omitted in the sentence. The complete sentence is: I saw him who was smiling. Is my concept ...
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58 views

“The way” vs “how”?

'The way' and 'how' are not used together. I know the way how he did it. (Incorrect). I know the way he did it. (Correct) Or, I know how he did it. (Correct) But "I know the reason why he did ...
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2answers
73 views

Use of '' of which'' in sentence

I need the wheat flour of which I bought 20 kg. two days ago. I need the wheat flour 20 kg. of which I bought two days ago. Where should I use '' 20 kg.'' in the sentences above or would these ...
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1answer
40 views

Relative clause and its subject

I came across this sentence on Cambridge Dictionary The central office sets the parameters that guide policy at the local level. The example comes with a translation in a different language, but I ...
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1answer
27 views

Is the second clause defining or non-defining clause?

When I plug the equipment into an electrical source, its green light turns on, but when I push the start button, the microwave does not work. I think there is an electrical problem , which ...
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43 views

Not using THAT in non-defining relative clauses

While I was teaching non-defining relative clauses in an intermediate book, one of my students asked why that cannot be use?! I don't remember reading any tips about it. Is there a logical explanation?...
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300 views

Relative clause as a subject predicate

Can which-clause function as a subject predicate like this? That is which we had to overcome and penetrate. It sounds weird to me, but is it a correct use of grammar?
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1answer
233 views

Which relativizers may be used in modifying clauses and phrases?

If a relative clause modifies a noun or a pronoun in a main clause, then we could use relative pronouns such as that, which, who, whom, whose, and relative adjectives such as where, why. During ...
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1answer
66 views

Omitting relative pronoun

He is the man whom I met yesterday. A relative pronoun can be omitted when it doesn't refer to the subject of the clause. So we can omit the relative pronoun 'whom' from the clause. But the clause is ...
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1answer
480 views

“which we call the X” vs. “which we call it the X”

Which of the following sound correct: We create a new model which we call the "X" model Vs. We create a new model which we call it the "X" model
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48 views

Non-defining relative clauses

Which is grammatically correct to write? They stayed at a grand hotel last fall, which was really costly. Last fall, they stayed at a grand hotel, which was really costly.
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“that-clause” as relative clause vs as pronoun clause

I am confused by the difference between: It is contention about the consequence of an economic arrangement that is incompatible with the needs of any place. and It is contention about the ...
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1answer
90 views

Defining or non defining relative clause?

In the passing away of Mr XYZ, we have lost a colossal sportsperson, who captured the nation’s imagination and... Q: Do we need the comma after "sportsperson"? With the comma, does "who&...
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what is the purpose of reducing an adjective clause

If we come across an adjective phrase reduced from an adjective clause, how could we know in what tense the participle, so-called a non-finite verb, takes place? for instance: Yesterday I met a man ...
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Why did “whether or not” in second clause instead of first clause?

In Tenet (2020), Priya and Protagonist are talking about wounded Katherine: Protagonist: Assuming she makes it out alive, whether or not you feel she knows too much. Priya: I can't. Protagonist: If ...
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an attributive clause or adverbial clause?

They give me more time to spend as they see fit. Here, is “as they see fit” a attributive clause or a adverbial clause?
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27 views

Do we use preposition + whom and not preposition + who?

According to the Cambridge Dicitonary, in some formal styles, we place the preposition before whom. Mr. Lee, to whom I spoke at the meeting, is very interested in our proposal My question is, can we ...
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1answer
35 views

What does it modify? The noun “heat” or the whole phrase “the value of heat”?

I'd like to learn what the part "for the preservation of food" modifies in the following sentence, the noun "heat" or the whole phrase "the value of heat" . The value of ...
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1answer
33 views

Isn't it wrong to say “dependent clauses can't stand alone”?

Everyone says "dependent clauses are the ones that can't stand alone." I think that's a wrong interpretation of subordinate clauses. By that logic, even independent clauses can't stand alone....
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1answer
21 views

Comma needed in the sentence “I sold the ring that I bought for 25$ from one of my friends a few years ago for 5$ ”?

My original sentence is I sold the ring that I bought for 25$ from one of my friends a few years ago for 5$. I mean that I sold, for 5$, the ring that I bought for 25$ from one of my friends a few ...
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26 views

The man near the door who is pretending to be cool who has a red hat is a friend of Jane

My original sentence is The man near the door who is pretending to be cool who has a red hat is a friend of Jane. In this sentence, I intended to use "defining relative clause" with "...
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1answer
32 views

Why does “a comma” exist between “to+infinitive clause” and “a relative clause” in this sentence?

In the link https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/declaration-transcript, it is written We hold these truths to be self-evident , that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their ...
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1answer
21 views

I'm talking about the truths for every human, hidden by some countries and that

I'm curious about the grammatical accuracy of the sentence below I'm talking about the truths for every human, hidden intentionally by some countries, about our future, and that we have to learn as ...
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53 views

Can I use a relative clause and a reduced relative clause for the same noun?

I don't like the computer gifted to me by my father that doesn't have enough RAM. OR I don't like the computer that doesn't have enough RAM gifted to me by my father. Can I use these sentences?
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Is “what+that” combination correct in the sentence “You are doing what I call sin that people don't even care about”?

I mean that " You are doing what I call sin, and people don't even care about the thing that I call sin. ". Does the sentence below give that meaning? You are doing what I call sin that ...
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something that I will/do not want to buy

I think I will never see an eastern carpet that I will not want to buy. I think I will never see an eastern carpet that I do not want to buy. Do the bold parts both refer to the future in (1) and (2)...
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Sense of sentence usage with the subordinate clause

If the subordinate clause is an adjective clause, it may be in any tense as is required by the sense: Sam finished the work which I do. Sam finished the work which I did. Sam finished the work which ...
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These were the problems I remember having at home

These were the problems I remember having at home Hi, this sentence is right? My reasoning is as follows. These were the problems. + I remember having the problems at home. So, two sentences are ...
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Is this a correct analysis of an adverbial prepositional phrase?

I am trying to analyse what I judge a compound sentence with an adverbial phrase (in italics) placed at the beginning: In what turned out to be a common experience for many people who tried to create ...
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Are the parts in bold examples of relative clauses?

I have these two sentences as examples: They seem a little concerned about the direction [that] we're taking. If I'm not mistaken, about the direction we're taking is an adverb prepositional phrase ...
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Understanding how to construct an Infinitival Relative Clause

The best place from which to set out is Aberdin (Pullum) - correct There is one wood in the entire town in which to find wood peckers - wrong Jellyfish tentacles are barbed venomous stingers not to ...
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1answer
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Is “The earrings of which I lost at the theatre yesterday were not my favourite ones” sound?

Neither of the options below seems suitable for the sentence. The earrings _______ I lost at the theatre yesterday were not my favourite ones. a) which isb) wherec) —d) of which (Yes, C is supposed ...
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Is “that” subject of relative clause or object of relative cluase?

Designers draw on their experience of design when approaching a new project. This includes the use of previous designs that they know work. Is "that" subject of relative clause or object of ...
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1answer
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What is sentential relative clauses? “which the prime minister asserted was as much as 70 percent more transmissible than previous versions”

The decision, which Mr.Johnson announced after an emergency meeting of his cabinet,came after the government got new evidence of a variant first detected several weeks ago in Southeast England, which ...
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Reduced relative clauses when a non-progressive verb is used (such as “have”)

In subjective relative clauses, we can left out the relative pronoun and end its verb using "ing". For example: I can’t find my notebook that contains all my addresses. I can’t find my ...
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Is this relative clause correct? “ There are three people like eating bread.”

Is this sentence correct? I bet we need "who" in the middle. There are three people like eating bread.
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the man regarding whom

The man regarding whom we didn't know how many times he had been divorced left the room. Is the above sentence grammatical? We didn't know how many times one of the men present had been divorced. ...
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26 views

Can a head noun be in a subordinate clause or an adverbial phrase of a relative clause?

It is kind of uncommon for me to see a head noun belong to a subordinate clause or phrase of a relative clause. I don't know if the usage is wrong or correct. So, are the examples below grammatically ...