Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

A Subordinate Clause (or Dependent Clause) has a Subject and a Verb but cannot stand alone as a complete sentence.

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Sense of sentence usage with the subordinate clause

If the subordinate clause is an adjective clause, it may be in any tense as is required by the sense: Sam finished the work which I do. Sam finished the work which I did. Sam finished the work which ...
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If there are two dependent clauses after a subordinating conjunction, is it correct to use a comma before “and”?

If there are two dependent clauses after a subordinating conjunction, is it correct to use a comma before "and" as in this sentence: "It can be determined by X + Y where X is defined ...
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27 views

What does this paragraph about dependent clauses mean?

Wikipedia: The use of present and past tenses without reference to present and past time does not apply to all dependent clauses, however; if the future time or hypothetical reference is expressed in ...
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2nd conditional with dependent clauses

I've posted this question along with other questions in one post already, someone told me to split it and ask each question in a separate post. Hopefully it's not spam. From wikipedia: Apart from the ...
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What is the grammatical form of the sentence after the word “paradox”

This is a sentence on the book "1100 Words You Need to Know" Week 1 Day 3. I can understand the meaning of the sentence perfectly but the sentence structure and grammatical rules are a bit ...
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35 views

Is it correct to use continuous without the auxiliary verb “to be?”

I am working on a project, and I am faced with a sentence that I am unsure is correct. I can make it correct with proper punctuation, but it just made me curious to learn how to use such sentences ...
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he has been engaged in a project teaching chemistry to students

Tanmay Rath holds a Ph.D. in polymer chemistry from IIT Kharagpur, with post doctoral experience in nanomaterials research in eastern Asia. However, for the last three years, he has been engaged in a ...
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adverbial clause of cause without finite main clause

They stared at the girl weeping uncontrollably because she just lost her father. My problem with this sentence is that the subordinate clause because she lost her father is a finite clause, but its ...
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Why was the verb put in simple past tense in this sentence?

While reading Oxford Practice Grammar Advanced, I came across this sentence in one of the book's exercises: If she got up early enough and came downstairs, we had breakfast together. I wonder why ...
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Tenses in adverbial clauses of time

There's a rule saying that in adverbial clauses of time we use a present tense to refer to the future. Is I shall go home after the goods are examined. correct? What's the difference between I shall ...
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“that…and that…” sentence pattern

I have problems understanding a complex sentence within a definition of a philosophical term: relativism, is the view that truth and falsity, right and wrong, standards of reasoning and procedures of ...
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Conditionals and noun clauses

(I am in the gym now and think about whether to call a friend.) (1) Me: If I called him now, I would tell him that I am in the gym. Is the am correct here? (2) Me: If I were to be honest now, I ...
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Question word(s), subject and verb of subordinate-clause in “Could you tell me which flight he will be on”

I'm trying to find subordinate-clauses' subjects and verbs, but there's something that confuses me: For example when I'm looking for the question word, subject, and verb in: "I don't know who ...
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Trouble changing a complex sentence into a simple sentence [closed]

How do I change this complex sentence into a simple sentence? He knows that time once gone is gone forever.
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If going to plus would

If I am going to do X, what would the cost of doing Y be? Is this sentence grammatically correct? I want to imply that now that I have to do X and doing X is inevitable, I think doing Y is not that ...
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2answers
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Wait until something happens before we take action

I have been thinking about this sentence structure for a while now, and I always wonder if it is correct whenever I use it. Let's wait until we get more information before we decide on the next steps....
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Unusual sturucture: What does it mean “which to”?

I have a question that confuses my mind. I've come across this text: "You have eight hours in which to complete this exam." The point which I didn't understand is the meaning of "...
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Is the preposition 'to' optional in the following sentence?

We can propose something to someone. Again, if we propose to someone, we usually give the proposal for marriage. But I am confused when 'propose' is used with an object and a that-clause. In that case,...
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Temporal clauses for repeated activities

Which one is the correct form? Whenever I visit her, she is working in her garden. Whenever I visit her, she works in her garden. (1) seems to break the rule that Present Continuous should be used ...
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Can a head noun be in a subordinate clause or an adverbial phrase of a relative clause?

It is kind of uncommon for me to see a head noun belong to a subordinate clause or phrase of a relative clause. I don't know if the usage is wrong or correct. So, are the examples below grammatically ...
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Tip To Help Waitress Change Her Life

The headline of GiveMeSport says: Floyd Mayweather’s secret $10,000 tip to help waitress change her life. a) Is the bold portion above equivalent to the following? Floyd Mayweather’s secret $10,000 ...
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A comma separating independent clauses

I want to reduce the length of this sentence by adding a comma. However, Grammarly is indicating me that I should avoid it. It is not clear to me since the comma is connecting two independent but ...
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Very confusing usage of “as… as”. The form is like that “as + adverb + as+ clause”, isn't it?

I was reading Great Chain of Being by Arthur O. Lovejoy and I came across a curious usage of "as...as". The text is that: I have often been exasperated by finding precise or paraphrases ...
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Is a comma necessary in this context?

Grammarly is indicating I need to add a comma before often. However, I think it is not necessary since the phrase "often the data required is not available" is creating a subordinate clause ...
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35 views

Noun clause or adverbial clause?

Look at the following sentence: Her family was happy when she returned home It is clear that "when she returned home" is a dependent clause because it starts with "when" and has ...
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When-clause refers to the future or general present

You can get into even worse trouble when you're not careful. You could get into even worse trouble when you're not careful. You may get into even worse trouble when you're not careful. You might ...
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Being for background information

Being can be used as a subordinate clause or a noun clause to give explanatory background information. Consider my sentence in this context : Being entertained by smartphones and gaming gadgets, ...
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Should this sentence be split in two, or is my use of “all of which” grammatically correct?

Just wondering if my sentence is too long, confusing, or grammatically incorrect! I completed two primary school placements in opposite socioeconomic areas as well as volunteer in two youth clubs, all ...
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I pray every day / I hope… + … doesn't / will not

Do all my sentences sound natural? "I pray every day that such a thing doesn't happen." "I pray every day that such a thing will not happen." (Or "will never happen"). ...
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about the style of the illustrations of the current grammar, and about the indirect speech

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/conditionals-if https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/reported-speech-indirect-speech?q=Reported+speech%3A+indirect+speech (...
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the tense of the verb in a subordinate clause

"He graduated from Havard last year. He majored in philosophy. And yesterday, Sarah told me that he (had also majored/ also majored) sociology." Can I also use "also majored" ...
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She began her career, winning 15 awards

She began her acting career in hollywood, winning 15 awards for her work between 2008 and 2012. Q: Does sentence 1) sound like she won 15 awards first and then began her acting career or is the ...
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Can you deliver it [when,after] it [is | will be] assembled?

Right now we are assembling a device. I am asking another person if he is can deliver it [after/when] we finish. What question construction is the most correct? Can you deliver it after it is ...
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She has provided five witness statements

Consider this sentence, please: She has provided five witness statements to the court in total, detailing acts of physical, mental violence etc. Can I write 1) as two separate sentences? She has ...
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31 views

Comma before though

I read somewhere that when we use subordinate conjuction in the middle of a sentence we don't , necessarily, use a comma. However I read some sentences today where a comma is used before though (in ...
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42 views

5 tips to learn English easily

Consider this sentence, please: 5 tips to learn English easily. Q1): Is sentence 1) a complete sentence? Q2): Is the infinitival clause(in bold) an adjective clause modifying the noun phrase "5 ...
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Classification of clauses

Give me blood and I will give you freedom. Be industrious and you will succeed in life. I am reading a grammar book in which the clause Give me blood in the first sentence is classified as a sub-...
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Coordination sentences with when

I'd like to speak about conditional sentence, could you tell me if my tense are right or if you would choose others? I should have called you when you talked to her She said she would have called me ...
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the tense of the verb of a subordinate clause

Tom studied philosophy at college. And also, Emma said yesterday that he also studied physics. Tom studied philosophy at college. And also, Emma said yesterday that he had also studied physics. Does ...
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Identify dependent and independent clauses

The latest is NetEase, a Chinese gaming firm that began a $3bn listing this week. In my opinion, The latest is NetEase is an independent clause. While a Chinese gaming.... week. - dependent But I'm ...
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Do we use past tense in a subordinating sentence when talking about a thing that a non-specific person might have done in the past?

When we use when or if or any other subordinating conjunctions (unless, because, and once, etc) to talk about a thing a non-specific person might have done in the past, do we use past tense? Example ...
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Verb Phrase ellipsis in the subordinate

Larson (1987) shows the following as well-formed: (1) b. ii. I will have lived every place that John has lived. I just wondered if the next example would be better formed. I will have lived every ...
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On the contrary

The man wasn't very trustworthy. On the contrary, he had been caught stealing twice from his boss. The above sentence seems incorrect to me, as far as I know, the use of on the contrary is for ...
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Can 'so' be optional in “so that”?

To indicate 'purpose', "so that" is used in adverb clause : We read so that we may learn. We know, in informal situation, sometimes 'that' can be optional in "so that" : We read so we may learn....
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Conjunctions, dependent and independent clauses

I have a question about conjunctions, dependent and independent clauses. The issue came up when a text book suggests that "and it" can replace "which/who". But my understanding is that subordinating ...
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2answers
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“The method how…”

I know how he did it. I know the way he did it (NOT, I know the way how he did it.) This is what we know. But one of my friends is insisting on using the following sentence : I know the method ...
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HOW : relative pronoun or relative adverb?

Relative pronoun : who, whom, whose, which, that Relative adverb : when, where, why Is "how" neither a relative pronoun nor an relative adverb? Then, which category does 'how' belong to?
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Connective preposition or subordinate conjunction?

I know that a Subordinating Conjunction or a subordinator serves as a marker for the Subordinate Clause : Other children are annoyed because John raises his hand constantly. Here 'because John ...
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Relative pronoun or Subordinating Conjunction?

We know that an adjective clause may begin with a relative pronoun : "This is the song which my mother taught me". Here, which is a relative pronoun. But can we regard which as a Subordinating ...
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Time reference of subordinate clauses

May I request to clarify the time references for the following subordinate clauses of the sentence : "He will come to know what I need" or "What I need will be known to him" "He will come to ...

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