Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

A Subordinate Clause (or Dependent Clause) has a Subject and a Verb but cannot stand alone as a complete sentence.

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In what cases can we use "where" to lead a subordinate clause, when not talking about places?

We can use "Where" to lead subordinate clauses when talking about places. A place where people live Sometimes "where" can also be used for more abstract concepts. I missed the ...
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Present simple in a sub clause

Is there any difference between Let's wait until the rain has stopped. and Let's wait until the rain stop. If not, then why my grammar book recommends the former.
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Is the statement "It is the government's responsibility" a dependent clause

I am currently learning English for an exam and came across the word It is the government's responsibility Is this a dependent clause or an independent clause? I feel it is dependent because it does ...
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Usage of "... such ... that ..."

Can the word "that" be the subject of the subordinate clause in sentences of the construction "... such ... that ..."? For example, I believe the sentence: "It was such a bad ...
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Can adverbial phrases and clauses modify an entire clause?

A sentence adverb modifies an entire sentence. Here is a basic example: [1] Surprisingly, the sun had already set. However, my question refers to phrases and clauses that function adverbially. In ...
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DRIVEN vs. BEING DRIVEN in this sentence ( reduced adverbial clause)

Example sentence: Before the kids were driven to the mall, they had some sandwiches in a convenience store. Now if we reduce the adverbial clause of the sentence, which one will be the correct ...
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Can we use non-relative clauses as descriptive modifiers?

In most grammar books, adjective/relative clauses are limited to specific constructs involving words such as 'that' or 'which' (as two of multiple examples): [1] The house that I grew up in There ...
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Comma after “viz.” in “viz.(,) that”?

Concerning the usage of “viz.” in American English, in ODO we find examples with and without the comma after “viz.” when a “that”-introduced clause follows: This leads many people towards the second, ...
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Comma in “i.e. that”

Consider the sentence: We claim that these sets are disjoint, i.e., 𝑋ᵢ ∩ 𝑋ⱼ = ∅ for different 𝑖,𝑗 ⩾ 0. A proofreader (from whom I can no longer get an answer) changed it: We claim that these ...
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Comma after a conditional clause in the middle of a sentence

The description of some algorithm (searching in a program-transition graph for a program state with certain properties) finishes with We return “true” if we find such a state(,) and “false” otherwise....
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Some Questions About Sentence Clauses

I'm having a little difficulty understanding the structure of sentences clauses. I understand that an independent clause works on its own as a simple sentence and that a dependent clause does not, but ...
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Reduced adjective/adverb clause with past action/completed event

Original sentence: 1) "Authorities are investigating whether a man who allegedly drove an SUV into a holiday parade in Waukesha, Wis., killing five people and injuring more than 40, was fleeing ...
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Clauses containing "among which"

I made up the main clause "I've visited some of its cities, ..." but I'm not sure if the following subordinate clauses are grammatical: ... among which is NY. ... among which NY is. ... one ...
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Do these sentences have the same meaning? 1) "That is what I said." 2) "I said it, too."

The following sentences seem to have the same meaning? 1-"That is what I said." 2-"I said it, too." For instance; The boss says to an employee: You should not smoke here. It is ...
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Why the comma in "I received a gift from Uncle George, but not from my other uncle"?

As far as I understand it, "But not from my other uncle" is not an independent clause. It could show contrast, but that would still require an independent clause, like "John is rich, ...
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How to easily identify dependent clause?

From the following sentences, which sentence contains a dependent clause? Before taking the exam, my nephew studied really hard. I heard something strange when downloading some movies last night. The ...
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while Sarah running her own business

In the following sentence, can the second "dreams of" be omitted? Laura dreams of becoming a chef, while Sarah dreams of running her own business.
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Can a 'before' clause function as a noun complement?

It was a time before I knew you. In this sentence, the subordinate clause 'before I knew you' acts as an adjectival noun complement to 'time'. 'Before' is not a relative adverb that I am aware of, so ...
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Why are non-finite verb phrases defined as non-finite clauses?

Before this question is marked as a duplicate, understand that I am not questioning the classification of a non-finite clause nor asking the generic reason for said classification. I know that the ...
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Comma before independent clause of imperative sentence [closed]

It is considered good style to place a comma before or when it begins an independent clause. An independent clause is a clause which could stand alone as its own sentence, because it has its own ...
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Must an adverbial subordinate clause attach to an independent clause?

Having received mixed or outright negative reactions when they were released, these movies were only appreciated in their later years. Is there a rule that says adverbial subordinate clauses must ...
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Is there a rule for using adverbial clauses/phrases directly after conjunctions?

I went to the park because I needed to clear my head, and when it was morning, I returned home. In this sentence, we see two subordinate clauses and two independent clauses. The two subordinate ...
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Conditional if clause

Can we use the first conditional to show general truth? e.g : If you don't put some cherries on your cake, it will look pale and dull. Is the word WILL here acceptable?
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"He asked me to use my bathroom."

He asked me to use my bathroom. In this sentence I thought someone want to use my bathroom and ask for permission. I mean the act will be committed by “he”. He asked me to take his sister to school. ...
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Does a subject “it” refer to the preceding subject or preceding object if both might fit semantically?

In a technical text, I once wrote a sentence similar to the following one: As the above notion of the maximal doodad is based on the long thingum, this notion targets extended hickeys, such as ...
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"some problems he recently had" vs "that he recently had some problems"

Which one is correct? He is talking about some problems he recently had with his friend. He is talking about that he recently had some problems with his friend.
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comma after subordinate clause "When we are young we pester our parents with questions because we believe they are omniscient."

Why does the sentence below not have comma after the word young (When clause)? When we are young we pester our parents with questions because we believe they are omniscient. (Source: Barron's 601 ...
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Usage of “because” for introducing insufficient reason (instead of reason)

Obviously, "because" introduces a subordinate clause to provide a reason (clause of reason) for the main clause "He is sad" in the following sentence. He is sad because he has ...
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singular vs. plural with parenthetical "and" clause

Which of the following versions of a sentence, if either, is less standard or accepted?: My fortune, and indeed my virtue, stands on my convictions. My fortune, and indeed my virtue, stand on my ...
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Usage of conditional constructions

I'm from India where English is not a native language. Generally here we use constructions like "Should you work hard?" and "Had I done it?" in interrogative sense. But now I find ...
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Can I use “see”+that-clause like this?

I found the footprints of a dinosaur, and I see them. In this case, can I say like this? “I can see that a dinosaur walked here.” see: to be conscious of what is around you by using your eyes: I ...
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Should I place a comma between the two dependent clauses?

Here are the two examples; please tell me if I should place a comma between the two dependent clauses that come before the main clause. I'd also like an explanation, please. Example# 1: (with a comma) ...
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Some Unnatural Instances of Present Subjunctive Uses

As far as I know, the present subjunctive is used in subordinate clauses that follow verbs expressing a desire, a demand, a recommendation, or a resolve. However, I came across the following examples ...
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“I moved to the other place”

I moved to the other place, and I wrote that I moved to the other place. “Someone moved.” Even though I wrote like this, it’s true that I wrote that I moved to the other place? Otherwise, should I ...
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Although and though meaning ‘but’

I have a car, but it is very old. I have a car it is very old though. I have a car although It is very old. -> 4.Although I have a car, It is very old. 5. Although it is very old, I have a car. ...
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Can I say like this in this situation? [closed]

I think “I saw that a bear was jumping with joy” is wrong because joy can’t be seen. Am I right? That-clause is a whole object of the verb, and all the meaning of the clause should be seen, as I know.
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Which conjunction has to be used for contrasting the sentences? Details provided in description [duplicate]

When I was speaking to an automobile enthusiast, I came across a situation where I couldn't express what I had in my mind about the kick-starter bikes. I want to know the better conjunction to connect ...
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How Is This A subordinate Clause?

The instructor said that the sentence below contains a subordinate clause ("... if only for financial reasons."), but I feel that what is being called a 'subordinate clause,' is just a ...
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Complex sentence and compound sentence?

While reading, I get stuck by these two sentences: Even if the code hasn't changed, the system behavior can because the data we use to train our models determines the predictions we make. Chinese ...
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I don't know who's responsible

I don't know [who's responsible]. I don't know [who's the best person for this job]. I don't know [what's best]. I'm assuming sentences 1–3 are grammatical. How are the parts in brackets analyzed? I ...
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Why is inversion applied in some subordinate interrogative clauses when a subject is asked for?

Preamble The main concern of this post was discussed in this thread. However, both the OP and I were not convinced of the explanation in the existing answer and comments. I tried to talk to the author ...
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Some Extra Words In an Embedded Question

I have seen the following sentence: They reported whatever it was he did. I wonder whether "it was" should not be removed to have a grammatical structure. If the sentence is grammatical, ...
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If and When — Singular case, multiple cases

In technical writing, you often have to choose whether to begin a sentence with "if" or "when". If / When you need to ... , do ... If / When you need to specify a year, use YYYY-...
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"Is That" Sentence Structure

The Principle of Sound Learning is that the noise of vulgar fame should never trouble the cloistered calm of academic existence. This is from a piece of edited prose. The author repeatedly uses the ...
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where he can overcome

a. He is not a resourceful man, where he can overcome these obstacles. b. He is not a resourceful man, such that he can overcome these obstacles. c. He is not a resourceful man such that he can ...
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Is it possible to use past continuous tense and tell a long-term action after when?

Is it possible to use past continuous tense and tell a long-term action after when? Is it possible if I say When my sister read the novel, I was watching a movie. When my sister ate ice cream, I ...
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Isn't it wrong to say "dependent clauses can't stand alone"?

Everyone says "dependent clauses are the ones that can't stand alone." I think that's a wrong interpretation of subordinate clauses. By that logic, even independent clauses can't stand alone....
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Present continuous in time clauses with "after"

I'm not sure if I can use the present continuous in the following sentence: "I'll take a trip to the States after I'm finishing my studies" Should I use the present simple or present ...
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Is "what+that" combination correct in the sentence "You are doing what I call sin that people don't even care about"?

I mean that " You are doing what I call sin, and people don't even care about the thing that I call sin. ". Does the sentence below give that meaning? You are doing what I call sin that ...
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What role does the "that" clause play in a sentence?

It won't be any easier now that the pause in use of the Johnson&Johnson vaccine has sown fresh seeds of doubt. (From The Economist) Which type of clause is the bold one? I don't think it is the ...

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