Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

A Subordinate Clause (or Dependent Clause) has a Subject and a Verb but cannot stand alone as a complete sentence.

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When And Before

1-He Had Scarcely Crossed The Road Before The Bus Came. 2-They Had Hardly Reached Their Shelter When It rained. -Can We use 'Before' And 'When' Interchangeably in these sentences?
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The omission of conjunction 'that' in relative pronoun sentence

While studying english, a sudden question appeared in my head. ex) He is a man who I think is honest. this sentence can be divided in two: 1) He is a man 2) I think that he is honest. He is a man + I ...
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Can a subordinate clause modify two clauses when it is at the end?

Can a subordinate clause modify two clauses when it is at the end? Example 1 He was eating bread and his family got up when you arrived. "when you arrived" modifying "He was eating ...
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Is omitting a repeated subject and predicate in attributive clauses ok?

Can I omit the conjunction, the subject, and the auxiliary verb in this attributive clause in (1) I had returned the book (which I had) borrowed from library. to produce (2): I had returned the ...
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"When" in adverbial clauses

He was watching TV when I came in. I came in when he was watching TV. As we know, simple or continuous verb forms can be used in when-clauses. It seems the second example is semantically different ...
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Should I use an extra "will" in the subordinate clause?

please let me know which of these are incorrect (I think the second sentences that are with an extra 'will" are incorrect. What do native speakers really use? I will cook whatever my mom cooks. ...
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Is "associated a subset of Ω" grammatical in this sentence?

Let 𝐴 and Ω be sets, and suppose [that with each element 𝛼 of 𝐴 there is associated a subset of Ω which we denote by 𝐸𝛼]. Is "associated a subset of Ω" grammatical in this sentence? An ...
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About subordinated clauses embedded in other subordinated clause

Is it correct to use subordinated clause that is already subordinated clause of other clause? E.g: if to take sentence "I know a place where I thought we could go" at that inside sentence &...
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in which/in how

Spring Flower Gifts trains every manager in its retail stores in _______ they should deal with customer service. a. which b. who c. what d. how The answer is d. I'd like to know why a. can't be ...
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A second essential function vision serves is to facilitate major changes. Is the sentence grammatical?

I came across this sentence and am not sure whether it is grammatical. It looks like the clause "a second essential function vision serves" functions as a subject and is embedded into the ...
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"I mentioned that our office will be based here" vs "I mentioned that our office would be based here"

"I mentioned that our office will be based here" vs "I mentioned that our office would be based here" The questions is for something that has not been changed, and is just being ...
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Which of these forms is the correct one?

Which of these forms is the correct one? Addressing the students as a class, ask them who they think the culprit is. Addressing the students as a class, ask them who they think is the culprit.
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Is this sentence correct ? Are these 2 sentences bounded correctly?

'Mr. Smith invited Mr. Adachi for a business lunch, to introduce their new accountant to him and to discuss their future relationship.' For the sentence above, I want to ask: Are these two sentences ...
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Tense difference ; subordinate clause "will" or "would"

I'm not a native speaker. So I'm confused with the tense as the following sentence. 1.I heard that they would hold a party. I heard that they will hold a party. The tense in main sentence is the ...
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In what cases can we use "where" to lead a subordinate clause, when not talking about places?

We can use "Where" to lead subordinate clauses when talking about places. A place where people live Sometimes "where" can also be used for more abstract concepts. I missed the ...
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Present simple in a sub clause

Is there any difference between Let's wait until the rain has stopped. and Let's wait until the rain stop. If not, then why my grammar book recommends the former.
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Is the statement "It is the government's responsibility" a dependent clause

I am currently learning English for an exam and came across the word It is the government's responsibility Is this a dependent clause or an independent clause? I feel it is dependent because it does ...
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Usage of "... such ... that ..."

Can the word "that" be the subject of the subordinate clause in sentences of the construction "... such ... that ..."? For example, I believe the sentence: "It was such a bad ...
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Can adverbial phrases and clauses modify an entire clause?

A sentence adverb modifies an entire sentence. Here is a basic example: [1] Surprisingly, the sun had already set. However, my question refers to phrases and clauses that function adverbially. In ...
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DRIVEN vs. BEING DRIVEN in this sentence ( reduced adverbial clause)

Example sentence: Before the kids were driven to the mall, they had some sandwiches in a convenience store. Now if we reduce the adverbial clause of the sentence, which one will be the correct ...
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Can we use non-relative clauses as descriptive modifiers?

In most grammar books, adjective/relative clauses are limited to specific constructs involving words such as 'that' or 'which' (as two of multiple examples): [1] The house that I grew up in There ...
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Comma after “viz.” in “viz.(,) that”?

Concerning the usage of “viz.” in American English, in ODO we find examples with and without the comma after “viz.” when a “that”-introduced clause follows: This leads many people towards the second, ...
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Comma in “i.e. that”

Consider the sentence: We claim that these sets are disjoint, i.e., 𝑋ᵢ ∩ 𝑋ⱼ = ∅ for different 𝑖,𝑗 ⩾ 0. A proofreader (from whom I can no longer get an answer) changed it: We claim that these ...
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Comma after a conditional clause in the middle of a sentence

The description of some algorithm (searching in a program-transition graph for a program state with certain properties) finishes with We return “true” if we find such a state(,) and “false” otherwise....
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Some Questions About Sentence Clauses

I'm having a little difficulty understanding the structure of sentences clauses. I understand that an independent clause works on its own as a simple sentence and that a dependent clause does not, but ...
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Reduced adjective/adverb clause with past action/completed event

Original sentence: 1) "Authorities are investigating whether a man who allegedly drove an SUV into a holiday parade in Waukesha, Wis., killing five people and injuring more than 40, was fleeing ...
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Clauses containing "among which"

I made up the main clause "I've visited some of its cities, ..." but I'm not sure if the following subordinate clauses are grammatical: ... among which is NY. ... among which NY is. ... one ...
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Do these sentences have the same meaning? 1) "That is what I said." 2) "I said it, too."

The following sentences seem to have the same meaning? 1-"That is what I said." 2-"I said it, too." For instance; The boss says to an employee: You should not smoke here. It is ...
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Why the comma in "I received a gift from Uncle George, but not from my other uncle"?

As far as I understand it, "But not from my other uncle" is not an independent clause. It could show contrast, but that would still require an independent clause, like "John is rich, ...
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How to easily identify dependent clause?

From the following sentences, which sentence contains a dependent clause? Before taking the exam, my nephew studied really hard. I heard something strange when downloading some movies last night. The ...
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while Sarah running her own business

In the following sentence, can the second "dreams of" be omitted? Laura dreams of becoming a chef, while Sarah dreams of running her own business.
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Can a 'before' clause function as a noun complement?

It was a time before I knew you. In this sentence, the subordinate clause 'before I knew you' acts as an adjectival noun complement to 'time'. 'Before' is not a relative adverb that I am aware of, so ...
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Why are non-finite verb phrases defined as non-finite clauses?

Before this question is marked as a duplicate, understand that I am not questioning the classification of a non-finite clause nor asking the generic reason for said classification. I know that the ...
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Comma before independent clause of imperative sentence [closed]

It is considered good style to place a comma before or when it begins an independent clause. An independent clause is a clause which could stand alone as its own sentence, because it has its own ...
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Must an adverbial subordinate clause attach to an independent clause?

Having received mixed or outright negative reactions when they were released, these movies were only appreciated in their later years. Is there a rule that says adverbial subordinate clauses must ...
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Is there a rule for using adverbial clauses/phrases directly after conjunctions?

I went to the park because I needed to clear my head, and when it was morning, I returned home. In this sentence, we see two subordinate clauses and two independent clauses. The two subordinate ...
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Conditional if clause

Can we use the first conditional to show general truth? e.g : If you don't put some cherries on your cake, it will look pale and dull. Is the word WILL here acceptable?
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"He asked me to use my bathroom."

He asked me to use my bathroom. In this sentence I thought someone want to use my bathroom and ask for permission. I mean the act will be committed by “he”. He asked me to take his sister to school. ...
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Does a subject “it” refer to the preceding subject or preceding object if both might fit semantically?

In a technical text, I once wrote a sentence similar to the following one: As the aforementioned notion of the maximal doodad is based on the long thingum, this notion targets extended hickeys, such ...
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"some problems he recently had" vs "that he recently had some problems"

Which one is correct? He is talking about some problems he recently had with his friend. He is talking about that he recently had some problems with his friend.
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comma after subordinate clause "When we are young we pester our parents with questions because we believe they are omniscient."

Why does the sentence below not have comma after the word young (When clause)? When we are young we pester our parents with questions because we believe they are omniscient. (Source: Barron's 601 ...
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Usage of “because” for introducing insufficient reason (instead of reason)

Obviously, "because" introduces a subordinate clause to provide a reason (clause of reason) for the main clause "He is sad" in the following sentence. He is sad because he has ...
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singular vs. plural with parenthetical "and" clause

Which of the following versions of a sentence, if either, is less standard or accepted?: My fortune, and indeed my virtue, stands on my convictions. My fortune, and indeed my virtue, stand on my ...
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Usage of conditional constructions

I'm from India where English is not a native language. Generally here we use constructions like "Should you work hard?" and "Had I done it?" in interrogative sense. But now I find ...
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Can I use “see”+that-clause like this?

I found the footprints of a dinosaur, and I see them. In this case, can I say like this? “I can see that a dinosaur walked here.” see: to be conscious of what is around you by using your eyes: I ...
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Should I place a comma between the two dependent clauses?

Here are the two examples; please tell me if I should place a comma between the two dependent clauses that come before the main clause. I'd also like an explanation, please. Example# 1: (with a comma) ...
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Some Unnatural Instances of Present Subjunctive Uses

As far as I know, the present subjunctive is used in subordinate clauses that follow verbs expressing a desire, a demand, a recommendation, or a resolve. However, I came across the following examples ...
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“I moved to the other place”

I moved to the other place, and I wrote that I moved to the other place. “Someone moved.” Even though I wrote like this, it’s true that I wrote that I moved to the other place? Otherwise, should I ...
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Although and though meaning ‘but’

I have a car, but it is very old. I have a car it is very old though. I have a car although It is very old. -> 4.Although I have a car, It is very old. 5. Although it is very old, I have a car. ...
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Can I say like this in this situation? [closed]

I think “I saw that a bear was jumping with joy” is wrong because joy can’t be seen. Am I right? That-clause is a whole object of the verb, and all the meaning of the clause should be seen, as I know.
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