Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

A Subordinate Clause (or Dependent Clause) has a Subject and a Verb but cannot stand alone as a complete sentence.

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She began her career, winning 15 awards

She began her acting career in hollywood, winning 15 awards for her work between 2008 and 2012. Q: Does sentence 1) sound like she won 15 awards first and then began her acting career or is the ...
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She has provided five witness statements

Consider this sentence, please: She has provided five witness statements to the court in total, detailing acts of physical, mental violence etc. Can I write 1) as two separate sentences? She has ...
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Comma before though

I read somewhere that when we use subordinate conjuction in the middle of a sentence we don't , necessarily, use a comma. However I read some sentences today where a comma is used before though (in ...
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5 tips to learn English easily

Consider this sentence, please: 5 tips to learn English easily. Q1): Is sentence 1) a complete sentence? Q2): Is the infinitival clause(in bold) an adjective clause modifying the noun phrase "5 ...
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Use of that with same and subordinate clause

Which one these are/is correct and why ? He is the same man that can do it. He is the same man that he was. He is the same man as he was. This is the book (that) I lost He is the same man as can do ...
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Classification of clauses

Give me blood and I will give you freedom. Be industrious and you will succeed in life. I am reading a grammar book in which the clause Give me blood in the first sentence is classified as a sub-...
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Coordination sentences with when

I'd like to speak about conditional sentence, could you tell me if my tense are right or if you would choose others? I should have called you when you talked to her She said she would have called me ...
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the tense of the verb of a subordinate clause

Tom studied philosophy at college. And also, Emma said yesterday that he also studied physics. Tom studied philosophy at college. And also, Emma said yesterday that he had also studied physics. Does ...
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Identify dependent and independent clauses

The latest is NetEase, a Chinese gaming firm that began a $3bn listing this week. In my opinion, The latest is NetEase is an independent clause. While a Chinese gaming.... week. - dependent But I'm ...
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Do we use past tense in a subordinating sentence when talking about a thing that a non-specific person might have done in the past?

When we use when or if or any other subordinating conjunctions (unless, because, and once, etc) to talk about a thing a non-specific person might have done in the past, do we use past tense? Example ...
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Verb Phrase ellipsis in the subordinate

Larson (1987) shows the following as well-formed: (1) b. ii. I will have lived every place that John has lived. I just wondered if the next example would be better formed. I will have lived every ...
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On the contrary

The man wasn't very trustworthy. On the contrary, he had been caught stealing twice from his boss. The above sentence seems incorrect to me, as far as I know, the use of on the contrary is for ...
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Can 'so' be optional in “so that”?

To indicate 'purpose', "so that" is used in adverb clause : We read so that we may learn. We know, in informal situation, sometimes 'that' can be optional in "so that" : We read so we may learn....
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Conjunctions, dependent and independent clauses

I have a question about conjunctions, dependent and independent clauses. The issue came up when a text book suggests that "and it" can replace "which/who". But my understanding is that subordinating ...
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“The method how…”

I know how he did it. I know the way he did it (NOT, I know the way how he did it.) This is what we know. But one of my friends is insisting on using the following sentence : I know the method ...
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HOW : relative pronoun or relative adverb?

Relative pronoun : who, whom, whose, which, that Relative adverb : when, where, why Is "how" neither a relative pronoun nor an relative adverb? Then, which category does 'how' belong to?
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Connective preposition or subordinate conjunction?

I know that a Subordinating Conjunction or a subordinator serves as a marker for the Subordinate Clause : Other children are annoyed because John raises his hand constantly. Here 'because John ...
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Relative pronoun or Subordinating Conjunction?

We know that an adjective clause may begin with a relative pronoun : "This is the song which my mother taught me". Here, which is a relative pronoun. But can we regard which as a Subordinating ...
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Time reference of subordinate clauses

May I request to clarify the time references for the following subordinate clauses of the sentence : "He will come to know what I need" or "What I need will be known to him" "He will come to ...
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“Should both 'subjects' conform” in this context

I got the sentence from a recipe book titled ............................... by .................... Pour the sugar into the milk while on the fire. Here the subjects of the two clauses do not ...
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Dependent Clauses

Identifying the mistake in the sentence: Who are unknown in most of the northeastern United States, grits are a common Southern dish. According to the answer key, WHO ARE is the part of the ...
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Use past and present tense in the same sentence

This topic was discussed before, and I do know that tenses should agree when they're in the same clause, but hear me out: "I realized that, in order to make a real difference, I need an MBA." My ...
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What tense should I use in an adverbial clause when Future in the Past used in the content clause?

In a sentences like John said that he would go abroad when he (will be | would be) twenty or I thought I would work in IT after I (graduated | will graduate | would graduate ) the university ...
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Is it “a player who always do” or “who always does”?

I have a doubt question or confusion about the following structure: I am a player who always do the best. or I am a player who always does the best" Which is the correct version? I think the "do" ...
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Which tense is correct for a subordinate clause in indirect (reported) speech?

Here are a couple of examples with which I'm struggling. He said that they had been living separately for 2 months before they got divorced (or had got divorced) in June. Should it be either of ...
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Subordinate clause or apositive?

In May, CEO Javier Polo wrote on MCV Develop that the startup has been working with telcos to create streaming game technology for 5G, which will help tech companies to reach more mobile gamers. The ...
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Non-essential clause position

Grammarly’s digital writing assistant helps over 20 million people write more clearly and effectively every day, across multiple platforms and devices. Can I write like this instead? What is the ...
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“Present” vs “future tense” in subordinate clauses in this context

A conversation between two friends: A: When will you come to our house. B: I will go when my mother goes / when my mother will go. I know that we are supposed to use only the present tense in ...
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A sentence has two verbs

Sentence: What's it mean that the review is now a criminal probe? The sentence has two verbs, the is in What's and mean. Is this right? Why can it be written this way? Source: "News Brief: DOJ ...
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Is the comma in this context grammatical

Russian military officers hacked Democratic servers to steal thousands of emails in 2016, the intelligence community and the special counsel found. Is the comma above grammatical? I think it isn't ...
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Subjunctive mood in the dependent clause

I am wondering whether I should use subjunctive mood in the dependent clause in the following example. Is there a rule for sentences like this? Or they just have different meanings? Example: There ...
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Is the following sentence grammatically incorrect and is it used colloquially?

(1) I don't know what graph theory is. According to the grammar, I believe it should be: (2) I don't know what is graph theory. But is it spoken colloquially the way I wrote it in (1)? Grammar ...
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Use of pronoun in second clause of relative clause

Which of these sentence is correct in the term of it used below sentence: The book that your father brought from India yesterday your elder brother has brought it in my school today. The book ...
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The change of the tense in the main and the subordinate clauses

I have found the two sentences in Michael Swan's Practical English Usage .(page no 556) 1.This discovery means that we will have to spend less on food. 2 This Discovery will mean that we spend ...
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Are they two subordinate clauses?

Consider the following sentence I got from github tutorial. If you’ve made a change that you feel would benefit the community as a whole, you should definitely consider contributing back. The part ...
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Adjectival clause construction

My brother brought the bread from India that you have eaten. You have eaten the bread that my brother brought from India. Is the that antecedent of the bread above in both sentence or there ...
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Usage of “How can we” and “How we can” in the following case

Correct This is how we can improve XXX. Correct How can we improve XXX? May I know, which is the correct form? Would you mind telling us how we can improve XXX? Would you mind telling us how can ...
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Is there any difference in meaning between “how” and “what” when each is used to start a subordinate clause?

Is there any difference between how and what in the following sentence? Anny was just telling Wendy how she liked to eat the ice cream at the shop. Anny was just telling Wendy what she liked to eat ...
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Singular–plural choices in subject+verb agreement, notional agreement, and pronouns with ambiguous antecedents

The original version of a particular sentence: EWB is a group of engineers that, unlike many engineering corporations, assist people around the world by applying its knowledge to solve problems in ...
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What does “to shout over” mean, particularly as it has been used in a particular passage I’ve read with curious sytnax?

I don’t un­der­stand the mean­ing of shout over as it has been used in the fol­low­ing pas­sage from Pa­tri­cia High­smith’s novel, The Ta­lented Mr. Ri­p­ley: A well-dressed Ital­ian greeted ...
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Permission is required + infinitive clause

Is there a correct and natural way to construct a sentence starting by "Permission is required" that contains both the action that requires permission and the person who would do the action. For ...
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Explain 3rd conditional complex sentence

Could you explain to me the bolded part of the sentence? Why do we use this tense/form? Is it correct? If he had known that it would have upset you, he would have been more careful. I ...
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What does “self temporarily” mean?

This is the whole paragraph I’m having trouble with: His uncle backhanded him so hard across his left cheek that Isaac’s sense of self temporarily broke upon the ground on which his body fell. ...
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The second type of conditional clause (the type contradictory to a current fact)

I have a question in regard to the second type of conditional (the type contradictory to a current fact). I know that the clause should be in past tense, but if there's an adjective clause, should it ...
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Coordinating conjunctions to connect multiple subordinate clauses

Coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet) can connect main sentences, words, phrases and many others, but can they connect multiple subordinate clauses? If yes, how should I ...
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Commas around introductory phrase which is part of subordinate clause

Example sentence: The army was barely ready when, in February 1794, the war broke out. Are the commas around "in February 1794" correct? Could I leave them out? Or should I rather move "in ...
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Is the following sentence grammatically correct? — “The only problem is where do we start looking?”

I just came across the sentence given above in the question, and think that it isn't grammatically correct such that the correct one would have to be as follows; The only problem is where we start ...
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Catenative Clause and Canonical Clause

Consider the following sentence - She was working. [Function] Subject: She [Category: Noun Phrase] and [Function] Predicate: was working [Category: Verb Phrase] Now consider the verb phrase - ...
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Marking the functions of a sentence: 'She may like it'

I am reading Cambridge Grammar of English Language (CaGEL) all over again, though not cover to cover. One page no. 215, I came across The major functions in the structure of the clause are the ...
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How to understand “who as a Squib could no more have Stunned the fireworks than swallowed them”

"Don't Stun them, Filch!" shouted Umbridge angrily, for all the world as though it had been his incantation. "Right you are, Headmistress!" wheezed Filch, who as a Squib could no more have ...

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