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Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

A Subordinate Clause (or Dependent Clause) has a Subject and a Verb but cannot stand alone as a complete sentence.

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1answer
21 views

“Present” vs “future tense” in subordinate clauses in this context

A conversation between two friends: A: When will you come to our house. B: I will go when my mother goes / when my mother will go. I know that we are supposed to use only the present tense in ...
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1answer
22 views

A sentence has two verbs

Sentence: What's it mean that the review is now a criminal probe? The sentence has two verbs, the is in What's and mean. Is this right? Why can it be written this way? Source: "News Brief: DOJ ...
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2answers
36 views

Use of pronoun in second clause of relative clause

Which of these sentence is correct in the term of it used below sentence: The book that your father brought from India yesterday your elder brother has brought it in my school today. The book ...
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2answers
28 views

Is the comma in this context grammatical

Russian military officers hacked Democratic servers to steal thousands of emails in 2016, the intelligence community and the special counsel found. Is the comma above grammatical? I think it isn't ...
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1answer
87 views

How to identify a matrix clause (a clause with an embedded subordinate clause)?

I am trying to understand matrix clauses. Today at the lecture, two sentences were discussed, of which one contains a matrix clause and one does not. I'm going to post them here: He knew ...
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1answer
155 views

“in which”, “to which” are these subordinate conjunctions?

This is the bag in which I put my sandwich. I shall return the money to the person to which it belongs. "to which it belongs" and "in which I put my sandwich" are these subordinate / ...
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1answer
108 views

What's the difference between finite clause and infinite clause?

What does infinite clause mean and which features differentiate it from finite clause? I know so far that finite clause is inflectable while infinite clause is uninflectable. But I need some examples ...
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1answer
76 views

What are these structures called and how do they differ?

A long serving member of the Army, he recieved many decorations including The George Cross, the most fitting conclusion to his distinguished career. People often pass away because they've simply '...
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2answers
17 views

Is the following sentence grammatically incorrect and is it used colloquially?

(1) I don't know what graph theory is. According to the grammar, I believe it should be: (2) I don't know what is graph theory. But is it spoken colloquially the way I wrote it in (1)? Grammar ...
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3answers
85 views

Is 'what to do' a clause?

I don't know what to do. Here, is what to do a clause? If so, what's the reasoning for that?
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1answer
31 views

Subjunctive mood in the dependent clause

I am wondering whether I should use subjunctive mood in the dependent clause in the following example. Is there a rule for sentences like this? Or they just have different meanings? Example: There ...
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2answers
111 views

one sentence of “if”

Now, I'm talking about the past, something I'm not quite sure. (not the unreality) At that time, if he took part in the meeting on the next day, maybe he was preparing the speech. Is this ...
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1answer
172 views

Do the sentences bear the same meaning?

I was wondering whether: a. the two sentences mean the same, and b. if sentences of the same construction can always convert the verb to a participle. Here are the sentences: Though it ...
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3answers
5k views

seem/seemed + infinitive form

Could you tell me the difference in meaning of these questions please? When and in which situations can we use them? He seemed to have felt very tired. He seems to have felt very tired. ...
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1answer
95 views

Is it an adverb clause, a relative clause or a noun clause?

Is it an adverb clause, a relative clause or a noun clause? "To get to New Zealand the fastest way" The whole sentence is... To get to New Zealand the fastest way, you will have to fly from ...
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1answer
79 views

Will the meaning change if I change “when-clause”?

do these sentences have different meanings? When she was back, I decided to do my homework.(Can this one have two meanings?) I decided to do my homework when she was back.(Can this one have two ...
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1answer
54 views

The change of the tense in the main and the subordinate clauses

I have found the two sentences in Michael Swan's Practical English Usage .(page no 556) 1.This discovery means that we will have to spend less on food. 2 This Discovery will mean that we spend ...
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1answer
42 views

Is there any difference in meaning between “how” and “what” when each is used to start a subordinate clause?

Is there any difference between how and what in the following sentence? Anny was just telling Wendy how she liked to eat the ice cream at the shop. Anny was just telling Wendy what she liked to eat ...
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1answer
133 views

Are they two subordinate clauses?

Consider the following sentence I got from github tutorial. If you’ve made a change that you feel would benefit the community as a whole, you should definitely consider contributing back. The part ...
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1answer
316 views

Using an infinitive in subordinate clause

The Infinitive phrase may be subject: For you to learn English is good subjective complement: My desire is for my family to be happy object: I consider it better for children to learn ...
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1answer
39 views

What does “to shout over” mean, particularly as it has been used in a particular passage I’ve read with curious sytnax?

I don’t un­der­stand the mean­ing of shout over as it has been used in the fol­low­ing pas­sage from Pa­tri­cia High­smith’s novel, The Ta­lented Mr. Ri­p­ley: A well-dressed Ital­ian greeted ...
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26 views

Adjectival clause construction

My brother brought the bread from India that you have eaten. You have eaten the bread that my brother brought from India. Is the that antecedent of the bread above in both sentence or there ...
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2answers
87 views

Usage of “How can we” and “How we can” in the following case

Correct This is how we can improve XXX. Correct How can we improve XXX? May I know, which is the correct form? Would you mind telling us how we can improve XXX? Would you mind telling us how can ...
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1answer
28 views

What clause is the sentence in the following paragraph?

We all have ways of showing our sweetie how much we love them. But celebrity relationship expert, Kailen Rosenberg, shares why it’s so important and has tips, that’ll really show them how much, ...
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1answer
54 views

Singular–plural choices in subject+verb agreement, notional agreement, and pronouns with ambiguous antecedents

The original version of a particular sentence: EWB is a group of engineers that, unlike many engineering corporations, assist people around the world by applying its knowledge to solve problems in ...
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25 views

Permission is required + infinitive clause

Is there a correct and natural way to construct a sentence starting by "Permission is required" that contains both the action that requires permission and the person who would do the action. For ...
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23 views

Order of sentence clauses

I will take the book from your home that your father got from India. I will take the book that your father got from India from your home. How to best write such sentence?
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2answers
38 views

Explain 3rd conditional complex sentence

Could you explain to me the bolded part of the sentence? Why do we use this tense/form? Is it correct? If he had known that it would have upset you, he would have been more careful. I ...
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37 views

What does “self temporarily” mean?

This is the whole paragraph I’m having trouble with: His uncle backhanded him so hard across his left cheek that Isaac’s sense of self temporarily broke upon the ground on which his body fell. ...
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2answers
24 views

Commas around introductory phrase which is part of subordinate clause

Example sentence: The army was barely ready when, in February 1794, the war broke out. Are the commas around "in February 1794" correct? Could I leave them out? Or should I rather move "in ...
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22 views

The second type of conditional clause (the type contradictory to a current fact)

I have a question in regard to the second type of conditional (the type contradictory to a current fact). I know that the clause should be in past tense, but if there's an adjective clause, should it ...
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1answer
49 views

Coordinating conjunctions to connect multiple subordinate clauses

Coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet) can connect main sentences, words, phrases and many others, but can they connect multiple subordinate clauses? If yes, how should I ...
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2answers
167 views

usage of “before” as Conjunction

Can I 're-write' the sentence, "If I finish my homework, I can go out at the weekend." as, "I can't go out at the weekend before I finish my homework."
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“Who” or “Whom” someone was speaking to?

Cinder How easy it was to forget who she was speaking to, She was speaking to someone. I think it shuold be "whom".
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25 views

Is it correct to use Past Continuous with 'since' adverbial clause?

For example: "Since I done my first homework, I was doing my second homework" I've seen plenty of examples on English learner's sites demonstrating either Past Simple or Present Perfect as the main ...
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1answer
44 views

Is the following sentence grammatically correct? — “The only problem is where do we start looking?”

I just came across the sentence given above in the question, and think that it isn't grammatically correct such that the correct one would have to be as follows; The only problem is where we start ...
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1answer
81 views

Catenative Clause and Canonical Clause

Consider the following sentence - She was working. [Function] Subject: She [Category: Noun Phrase] and [Function] Predicate: was working [Category: Verb Phrase] Now consider the verb phrase - ...
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2answers
219 views

Marking the functions of a sentence: 'She may like it'

I am reading Cambridge Grammar of English Language (CaGEL) all over again, though not cover to cover. One page no. 215, I came across The major functions in the structure of the clause are the ...
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1answer
162 views

Subject and verb in subordinate clauses

I'm wondering: is it necessary to repeat the subject - or the verb - of a sentence in subordinate clauses introduced by words such as "but" or "like"? Are the following sentences equally correct? a)...
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2answers
33 views

How to understand “who as a Squib could no more have Stunned the fireworks than swallowed them”

"Don't Stun them, Filch!" shouted Umbridge angrily, for all the world as though it had been his incantation. "Right you are, Headmistress!" wheezed Filch, who as a Squib could no more have ...
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5answers
21k views

Why is it not correct to use 2 conjunctions in a sentence?

As the title asks, why can't we use 2 conjunctions in a sentence? For example: Because it is raining today, so I go out with umbrella. It sounds correct in Chinese, but my teacher said that it's ...
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1answer
39 views

Such As vs Such that vs Such who

He is such a boy as doesnot help anybody. Vs He is such a boy that doesnot help anybody. Vs He is such a boy who doesnt help anybody. Which one is correct among the above three? Explain the meaning ...
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1answer
79 views

Wh-clause: what even you must condemn

I saw the following sentence in a dictionary. I'd like to know whether it is correct and what relationship holds between "what even you must condemn" and "he was lying." But, what even you must ...
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4answers
10k views

Two consecutive gerunds? -ing -ing?

I am considering to set up a cyber cafe. I am considering setting up a cyber cafe. I think it should be version #2 where the verb considering is followed by the gerund setting. But it sounds ...
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2answers
154 views

Can an optative clause ever be used as a subordinate clause?

In English, there are five different types of finite clauses: declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamative, and optative Here are examples: (1) You are generous. [declarative] (2) ...
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1answer
46 views

“which…come from” VS “where… come” [closed]

let's talk about the country where you come from. let's talk about the country where you come. let's talk about the country which you come from. I am not certain which one is right.
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3answers
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What clause element is this please?

When she got into the car at five, ready for the fifteen-mile drive across London, it wouldn't start. What does this stretch of language represent? Is it an adverbial?
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2answers
100 views

What is the meaning of the answer “I suppose so.” to the question “You won't be here tomorrow?”?

The following is an example from Swan's Practical English Usage (515.2) You won't be here tomorrow? I don't suppose so. I understand the answer "I don't suppose so" is the same as I don't ...
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1answer
167 views

The plan that I want to give [to] you. Direct, Indirect object in attributive clause

I don't know the grammar rule I must apply in the following sentences. Do I need to add to? Here is the book that I want to give [to] you. Here is the plan that I want to give [to] you. Here is the ...
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2answers
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“I'll never pray to a God since my butt issues”

I'll never pray to a God since my butt issues. The usage of 'since' drew my attention and puzzled me. I don't understand why it was used here and whether it was a substitute for either 'because of'...