Questions tagged [suffixes]

A suffix is an element of a language that is added to the end of a word.

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16
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5answers
6k views

Is there a general rule how to create feminine words?

Is there a general rule how to create feminine words? For example feminine from waiter is waitress, from actor – actress, etc. So, generally the ending -ess means the feminine form. But I’ve never ...
16
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3answers
5k views

Are words ending in -ly adverbs?

Adverbs often end in -ly. But the word friendly is not an adverb, is it? A friendly advice is incorrect, but a friendly person is correct. Is the word friendly very unusual or are there many non-...
14
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3answers
6k views

What does “Honeykins” mean?

I've heard someone, a native speaker, called his girl friend by "honeykins". Does it the same as "honey" or "darling"? Does it have special meaning other than those expressions?
11
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1answer
384 views

Fishy, Dishy: Adjectives used as nouns?

In the children song below, I'm bit confused on the two lines highlighted: Dance to your daddy My little baby Dance to your daddy My little lamb You will have a fishy In your little ...
10
votes
2answers
460 views

Under what circumstances does an adverb not get -ly?

I learned in school that it's correct to say really good. On the internet I've also seen real good. Is this grammatically incorrect, or are there particular circumstances under which this is correct? ...
10
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3answers
168 views

How were subject names decided and why?

I'm not sure if this question is okay to be posted to ell.se, as I don't know if it is obvious for native speakers or not, that: physics and mathematics both ends with '-ics', while sociology and ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Why do we say “a one-legged man”, with a final -ed, but also say “a one-person job” without?

Why do we say "a one-legged man", with a final "-ed", but also say "a one-person job" without the "-ed"? We also say: A two-minute walk. A six-hour flight. But then we say: A green-eyed ...
8
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3answers
2k views

What does the same-ish mean?

I encounter such a sentence in a homework assignment: It seems that the burn-in is adequate, that they are all converging to the same-ish posteriour value, and that there is good mixing. I don'...
8
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2answers
3k views

Is there a rule for when the suffix -ian is one syllable long, when two?

A question from my student: I'm rather confused how many syllables in the words with suffix -ian? Some words like 'e-lec-tri-cian, mu-si-cian, A-sian' have only one syllable while ' veg-e-tar-i-an, ...
8
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3answers
6k views

When is the suffix -tor and -ter used?

Can someone help me in understanding the suffix -tor and -ter? I am not able to understand it properly and I always mix the spelling like: "computor" when it should be computer "administrater" when ...
8
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1answer
2k views

Are there cases in which “empiric” and “empirical” are not interchangeable?

On stackoverflow.com I found 3 instances of empiric solution and 4 instances of empirical solution. What does this mean, if it means something—perhaps empiric and empirical are completely ...
7
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1answer
14k views

Is adjective “backuped” correct?

I have a list of servers which should be backed up, but I don't know where they are, so a script tries to find them and logs this activity. I've put this phrase in my log facility and now I'm ...
7
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6answers
637 views

How are words ending “-ology”, “-onomy”, “-ography” pronounced?

My English teacher often corrects me on the correct pronunciation of these suffixes. She says these should be pronounced with the stress on the first O. I have heard many educated folks pronounce it ...
6
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1answer
5k views

“-ic” vs “-ical”, which to use

Is there a rule about when an adjective should end with "ic" or "ical"? Geometr-ic Analyt-ical Theoret-ical Kinet-ic
5
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1answer
743 views

The suffixes “-ridden” and “-infested”

We say compounds like "mosquito-ridden" and "shark-infested", but I haven't heard "mosquito-infested" or "shark-ridden". My question is that can we use the suffixes "-ridden" and "-infested" ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Why do some words end with -or and others with -er or -ar?

Some words end with -or: Resistor Capacitor Transistor Others end with -er: Compiler Driver Speaker Or with -ar: Beggar Liar Why is this the case? Is there a ...
5
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3answers
647 views

Can I place suffixes and prefixes whenever it seems correct?

When I speak English, it is often necessary to use the adverb or noun form of a certain word. However, even when it seems more suitable in a given situation or context, I don't use a prefix or suffix ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

The “-cal” suffix

In words physical, mathematical, chemical, etc. Does the -cal suffix mean a matter of or belonging to, or maybe concerning? With what words can we use it and why do some words change when we add -cal?...
4
votes
3answers
388 views

Is the word 'restrictionable' correct?

How do you form -able words? Which root do you have to attach the suffix to in order to make the new word? For example, is the word 'restrictionable' correct? restriction + -able ⇒ 'that may or ...
4
votes
1answer
727 views

What does it precisely mean that the suffix -ship “denotes a state of being”?

Over two decades, she enjoyed a memorable and mystifying acquaintanceship with Ramirez. Does it precisely mean that the suffix -ship "denotes a state of being"? After having read that definition, I ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Rules for pronouncing prefixes and suffixes

I'm hoping 'this' is the right place, as my attempt on the Linguistic site failed miserably (it was moved to the ELL site, here -> Phonetic transcription of English prefixes and suffixes). In case '...
3
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1answer
3k views

“Diabolic” vs. “Diabolical”

Is there a context where diabolic is not a synonym of diabolical, or vice versa? Diabolic's definition: adj. Showing wickedness typical of a devil. Diabolical's definiton adj. Of, ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Does -wich suffix have a meaning?

Does -wich suffix (as in Greenwich, sandwich, etc.) have a meaning?
3
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2answers
200 views

NumerICs vs numerALs, what is the difference if any?

I looked up MW but failed to see whether they are interchangeable. On a daily basis I find difficulties in adjective forming, so I guess this is just one more of the -IC versus -AL dilemmas, no?
3
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1answer
553 views

Words that differ only in the suffices -cal vs -able

Predicated on practicable vs practical, is there a more general theme or lesson or motif to be learned? What are the similarities and differences between two words with the same root X but differ in ...
3
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3answers
131 views

Can ing nouns substitute the already existing ones?

When there is an existing noun (as memorization) could we use the ing to form another one (memorizing)? If so, what would be the difference between the two concurrent nouns?
3
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1answer
2k views

Can we say 49 as 50-ish?

The suffix -ish simply defines almost, approximately. Can we say 49 as 50-ish when it is referring to numbers? Are 47,48,49,51,52,53 also referred to 50-ish?
2
votes
2answers
248 views

Looking for the name of this type of grammatical term “im-”, “mis-”

We can break some words in two or three parts. Example: Impossible = Im + possible Misconception = Miss + conception What does these type of grammatical term called? PS:I'm looking for this, ...
2
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2answers
394 views

Softening suffixes in English

In Russian and we have a lot of different softening suffixes. Are there any in English? Like how would you rephrase as one word the following: a lovely chair, a most favorite small chair, a small ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Show me the difference between the following suffixes?

Could you please show the difference in meaning of the suffix “-hood” and “-ship”, especially when they met at the same line to imply “a state or condition” To me, they both sound the same. For ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

When do we use the suffix -ness

I'm a bit confused with this -ness suffix. I never know when to apply it. For example this word got me confused : powerlessness. It looks like this suffix can be used in many cases. And I feel like ...
2
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2answers
1k views

What do you call an English lover?

Is there a single word for someone who loves the English language? Is it understandable to use Englishphile? Has the suffix -phile been used correctly?
2
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2answers
98 views

Difference between similar words like “electric-electrical”?

What is the difference between words like: Electric-Electrical ? For example is it correct to say Electric engineer rather than Electrical ?
2
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2answers
254 views

Supressed suffix — possible?

In my native language we have a construct where we can omit suffixes from combined words to compress a sentence. For example, something like this: The juice is banana- and apple-based. Here the "-...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Are there any differences among suffixes 'er', 'or', 'ee', 'eer', and 'ist'?

I guess they are all 'agent markers'. As people obviously don't say 'actists' for actors so I guess they are not interchangeable. But where are the differences? e.g. -er: painter -or: creator -ee:...
2
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1answer
2k views

Meaning of “-esque”?

Does "-esque" mean something? For example, grotesque, arabesque, burlesque, picaresque, and picturesque
2
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1answer
56 views

Noun suffix with -ing or -tion [closed]

Which of the following words is correct and why? This helps discriminating/discrimination of objects...
2
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1answer
38 views

The state of being read-only: readonlyness / readonliness

This word, spelled readonlyness, is used in the code of a project I'm working on. Readonliness seems to be a more logical spelling, as in ready - readily, beauty - beautiful, lonely - loneliness, etc. ...
2
votes
2answers
508 views

How do you know which suffix to use in order to make a verb be a noun?

How do you know which suffix to use in order to make a verb be a noun? For example: Let's look at the verb "admit". The noun is "admission" "achieve" the noun is "achievement" "arrange" the noun is "...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Is the “-ney” in “hackney” a diminutive suffix?

Is the "-ney" in "hackney" a diminutive suffix? What are some other words with the same suffix? Honey, Whitney,...?
1
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1answer
1k views

Prefix and Suffix issue

My question is simple, is there a known reason why the word "prefix" has only one "f" but the word "suffix" has two, "ff"?
1
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1answer
646 views

What does the suffix '-fare' mean?

I am wondering what the suffix -fare means. I've seen a few words that possibly have this suffix, but I couldn't find a thing in common among them. There are some words: - warfare - airfare - ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is the suffix of “feature”?

I am wondering what is the suffix of "feature". The wordinfo website does not list the suffix for this word. https://wordinfo.info/results?searchString=feature But it lists "-ure" as the suffix of "...
1
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1answer
114 views

Is it appropriate to use ish-suffix with languages? (ex. Englishish)

Is it appropriate to use ish-suffix for “it's sort of English but not quite”? Standard Russian order is “surname, first, patronymic”, because there is special abbreviation "ФИО". “first, patronymic,...
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2answers
2k views

Use of the suffix -ish

He is a nice enough boy - Rather Jimmy Olesenish I thought. He's an honest man, rather Lincolnesque in his manner. She has an unreal figure, rather Barbieish in its proportions! Can anyone ...
1
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1answer
601 views

Adjectives with and without -ly [duplicate]

Are there adjectives in English that are still adjectives when adding -ly to it? More precisely, I mean words that would be originally adjectives, and that would still be adjectives when adding the -...
1
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1answer
93 views

What is the meaning of 's in “eat at Joe's”?

When I learned English at school 's was described as the mark of possession, a case of genitive. But in the rhetorical Eat at Joe's, what does the 's mean exactly. Is it a shortcut for Joe's place or ...
1
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2answers
147 views

What role does a suffix plays in the meaning of an adjective? [closed]

I have seen the variants of different adjectives with different suffices being used in a sentence. Some of them are as: Source The opera was seen by a small and highly select audience. He ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

How do native speaker understand suffix-forming nouns?

Even if native speakers who know what 'require' mean, if they meet this noun and adjective first 'requirement' and 'requisite', don't know what they mean exactly? and have to search the words in a ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Core competency or core competence?

I've used an expression "core competency" for years and recently found out that it is correct to say "core competence", as in "growing vegetables is my core competence". Now I'm in doubt so I'm asking ...