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Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about technical or specialized words in fields like grammar, sailing, computers, marketing, research, etc.

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141
votes
8answers
28k views

Why “grand theft auto”, not “grand auto theft”?

There is a video game series called "Grand Theft Auto". According to its Wikipedia page: The name of the series references the term used in the US for motor vehicle theft. [...] Motor ...
33
votes
5answers
6k views

What does “chrome” mean besides the metal?

I have trouble understanding the following sentence from lwn.net Because the nightly builds are not full browsers, the interface leaves out most of the traditional browser chrome. I know there's a ...
31
votes
8answers
76k views

What is the name for these keys on a computer keyboard?

Here is a (US English layout) computer keyboard. There are six keys which are dotted red in the upper right corner. I want to know what to call them in English. I want to know the names for each ...
30
votes
4answers
9k views

What do you call the things inside a fruit?

I am having trouble finding the right word. What do you call the hard, uneatable parts inside a fruit? For example, an avocado has one big dark one. Grapes have small ones. Watermelons have a lot of ...
28
votes
4answers
7k views

“Transgender” versus the obsolete term “transgendered”

As of recent I've been reading some Wikipedia articles on gender and sexuality leading out from the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) page. However, it was not clear to me why the former ...
27
votes
2answers
3k views

In how many ways can something not be right?

There's this large source of confusion among learners and sometimes even native speakers. They tend to think if something doesn't sound right to their ears, it must be ungrammatical, while that's at ...
22
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4answers
3k views

What is the meaning of the phrase “tack against”?

I have come across it in this video. It is at 4 minute and 28 second. Along the way we are also going to try to understand some of what is wrong with the way our information feeds are currently ...
22
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the inner cover of the winter shoes called in English?

In Europe — in some countries, especially in the eastern Europe there are very common shoes which covered inside with something that makes it warm and comfortable in the time of the winter, cold and ...
21
votes
6answers
4k views

What is this “opened” cube called?

I can't find the right definition for the thing that you see on the right. If we put all parts of it together we will get a box that we can rotate (this picture is taken from a quiz for kids - they ...
21
votes
2answers
46k views

What do “M”, “G” and “B” buttons mean in an elevator?

What do "M", "G" and "B" buttons mean in an elevator, besides "1", "2", ...? Confusing. Thanks.
20
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9answers
7k views

What is the English equivalent of the Russian word тормоз which is used for very slowly working software?

In Russian there is word тормоз (tormoz) which originally meant "brake" (as in a car), but now is often used to denote a very slowly working software. The nearest word in English I know is "lag". But ...
19
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9answers
2k views

What do you call a group set up to undermine a political argument?

I have come across the following political phenomenon recently and I can’t find the right word for it. Imagine a group of people (say an ethnic minority or gender) who campaign against their ...
17
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2answers
3k views

What does 'a hairline crack where the grip meets the graphite shaft on my 3-wood' mean in this English joke?

Guys, I have suspected for some time now that my wife has been cheating on me. I think deep down I just did not want to know the truth, but last night she went out again and I decided to ...
15
votes
7answers
6k views

Draw or tie in sports

This is valid for many sports, but in the context of the FIFA World Cup it makes sense to particularize it to football. A team, say X, can win or lose. Then we say X won or X lost. Sometimes it ...
14
votes
6answers
4k views

What is the name of such a “lamp”?

What is this kind of lamp called? To call it simply a "lamp" doesn't makes sense to me, nor to call it a "chandelier", since I've noticed that "chandelier" refers to an impressive group of lamps ...
13
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6answers
30k views

What is the soft part of the palm called in English?

What is the soft part of the palm called in English? I don't know the name even in my native language, so I cannot look it up in the dictionary.
13
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3answers
4k views

Smart/casual dress is encouraged with longs/shoes a must : What is “longs”?

A community-edited travel guide about Colombo (Sri Lanka) has this paragraph: Most nightclubs may charge admission and smart/casual dress is encouraged with longs/shoes a must. What does "longs" ...
13
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2answers
2k views

What do “high sea” and “carry” mean in this sentence?

This is a line from Google's definition of "poop": (of a wave) break over the stern of (a ship), sometimes causing it to capsize. "carrying a high sea, we were badly pooped" This line doesn't ...
12
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2answers
885 views

The act of declaring and revoking a structure a church

What is it called when a building is announced to be a church, like, effective now, tada, this is a church? And conversely, what is it called when a church is revoked the rights of such, as in it ...
12
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4answers
2k views

How does a “parent” generate a “sister”?

Forgive my ignorance, but I am still a newbie on these matters. A parent site is a website, and it is synonymous with a main site, correct? Whereas a sister site is a site closely related to a ...
12
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2answers
573 views

If columnar is the adverb for column, what is the adverb for row?

Some linear algebra algorithms used for computing statistics or storing datasets deal with matrices on a column-by-column basis. As such, they can be referred to as being columnar. What would be the ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Where are the vases in this picture? A term for that space

In my recently purchased apartment, I've come up with an idea for the hall as a part of interior designing. In my mother-tongue, we have a term for those three pits(?). Vases in the wall? - I'm not ...
11
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7answers
7k views

What is the difference between college and university?

Some people use the term "college" instead of "university". Are they referring to a different type of university?
9
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8answers
296 views

Word for “gradually removing the vacuum”

I'm translating a description of a lyophilization procedure. One of the sentences goes like this, in my translation: After keeping the samples in the vacuum for 24 hours, we gradually relieved the ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

“Fixing” an error

Open source programmers commonly use the term "to fix" (as in "fixing an error") to mean to correct (eliminate) an error. Is this use of the term "to fix" common outside open source programming (both ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the term for titles such as “Alexander the Great”?

Is anyone aware of how one might refer to this sort of title ? I would like to submit this question: What would your <insert word I don't know> be if you were a monarch? (e.g. Frank the ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

What's the name of the game of throwing stones to the surface of water?

There's a game in which a flat stone is thrown to the surface of a pond, river, etc. so that it starts bouncing across the water. How do native English speakers call this game? Are there any rules ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Is “how every minutes” correct?

I am trying to say that a number X defines "how every minutes" the operation Y will take place. That means, if the number X is 10, the operation Y will be performed every 10 minutes. This is the ...
7
votes
1answer
305 views

What's this kind of sentence or style called in the grammar terminology?

We have two ways to say the same declarative sentence in present simple tense using the same words- except for the auxiliary verb ("do' in this case). For instance: "He loves her." becomes 👉 "...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is “schematics” used in its plural form for a single item?

I am a visitor from Electronics.SE, where we often discuss the schematics for various devices. Mostly asking a user to post the schematics, because it is impossible to follow someone's thoughts ...
7
votes
1answer
944 views

What is 'relevance time'?

What is ‘relevance time’ in the chart below? And would you compare it with ‘narrative time’? (Angela Downing, English Grammar: A University Course) (StoneyB's answer in ELL)
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What do you call the “collars” of a bathrobe?

In other words, what do you call these? (Each individual side?)
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a non-prime number greater than 1 called in English?

I know that this a math question, but as it is really a very basic math concept I think any English user would know it, and it must be more related to English than knowing the math. We call a number ...
6
votes
4answers
6k views

What do you call a chain of still images

According to this Wikipedia entry, a video is the display of moving visual media. If so, then what do you call a chain of still images that when you press the 'play' button, it plays automatically (...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What does POPs mean here?

I am reading a post about network, I don't know what "POPs" mean here: Our big, global, managed DNS network — the one most of our customers use — is spread across six continents and 17 POPs (with ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the “s” of third person verbs called in English grammar terminology?

What is the "s" of third person singular verbs called in English grammar terminology? For example: does, loves, works, etc.
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the term for telling the DMV that your vehicle isn't in use?

In Sweden, when we don't use a vehicle, we tell our local DMV that it's not going to be on the road. Then, they sign it as such and we can pay less or no insurance (although we're extremely limited in ...
6
votes
1answer
663 views

What's a better term to describe these “stripes” in blouse (Screen shot attached)

I am looking for the correct word for the stripes in the blouse below. Can someone help with any ideas ?
6
votes
2answers
248 views

Grammatical terminology for the difference between 'hear' and 'listen'

Is there any grammatical terminology to describe the difference between 'hear' and 'listen'? E.g. Hear is a ____ verb and listen is its ____ counterpart. Or, Hear-listen is a pair of ____ words.
6
votes
2answers
144 views

What is the term for the “s” that makes a noun plural?

Is there any term for the letter 's' that changes the nouns from singular to plural? Boy - Boys I want the term for that 's'.
6
votes
2answers
7k views

“Solution Architect” Vs. “Solutions Architect”

Perhaps should be in an IT/Tech forum but interested in the correct way or saying. Also related - Plural for Solution Architecture, but not exact. I am a Solutions Architect, as I architect solutions....
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Phrase for describing a cable without a connector at the end

I've been translating a truck scale description in a business offer letter, and the specification table there, listing the five parts comprising the prospective order, says on line five: Cable for ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

error out — what exactly does this phrasal verb mean?

Source: You Don't Know JS: this & Object Prototypes by Kyle Simpson (2014) Example: Now we have an infinite circular duplication problem because of the circular reference. Should we detect a ...
5
votes
1answer
392 views

What is this action on computer windows called, “expanding the window”?

When pressing on the the double squares on the right upper corner of browsers (Chrome, Explorer, Firefox etc.) or office word, power-point, or almost any window in computers, can I refer it as ...
5
votes
2answers
571 views

What would you call a course provided by a company to give extra qualifications to its employees?

I was thinking something like integrative/supplementary/auxiliary/subsidiary courses/classes/lessons/training. I'm not sure which one would be best. What I mean is a course that would give an ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is this question grammatically correct?

I want to ask; What are the first 3 question marks on your head while you enter into a store for the first time? Is this sentence correct grammatically? Isn't it clumsy or wordy? Is there a better ...
5
votes
3answers
515 views

A term for a spot, placement or location in the sky?

When I say location, it's intuitively implied that I refer to a place on the Earth's surface. What would be a good term for the position in the sky? When I'm at this location I see the sun at/on/in ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I make this sentence better?

The following sentence will go into a technical article and I wanted to know how to write the following sentence in a better form: Results are shown when the region localization constraint is ...
5
votes
2answers
407 views

Why “multi-band antenna”, not “multi-bands antenna”?

Why do you say "multi-band antenna", not "multi-bands antenna"? It seems to me there are multiple bands for an antenna. And, are "multi-band antenna" and "multi-band antennas" different?
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Word for describing that something can be mandatory, recommended or optional

(Note: This question is marginally related with this one.) I am looking for a word to describe how obligatory something is. It may be mandatory, recommended or optional (given the context, more ...