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Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about technical or specialized words in fields like grammar, sailing, computers, marketing, research, etc.

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6
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a non-prime number greater than 1 called in English?

I know that this a math question, but as it is really a very basic math concept I think any English user would know it, and it must be more related to English than knowing the math. We call a number ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Help to understand: “The apology was not offered to the right,”

Bee later apologized for “using an expletive” to describe the first daughter. “It was inappropriate and inexcusable. I crossed a line, and I deeply regret it,” she said. The wording of the ...
1
vote
1answer
289 views

What does “beds” mean here? “the peripheral beds within the body and lungs”

What does "beds" mean here? A ventricle is one of two large chambers in the heart that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs. The ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Clubs, in which people are dancing to music with the purpose of dropping their weight

How do they refer in English to those clubs, in which people are dancing to music with the purpose of dropping some weight? Is the word "shaping" common in that sense? Could those clubs be called "...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

What's the word to specify a certain longitudinal position in a long street or park?

When I tried to invite people to the park in the image I wanted to meet around the area where Babelsberger Strasse ends, anywhere within the red ellipse. As you can see, the park is a West-East band ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

Smart/casual dress is encouraged with longs/shoes a must : What is “longs”?

A community-edited travel guide about Colombo (Sri Lanka) has this paragraph: Most nightclubs may charge admission and smart/casual dress is encouraged with longs/shoes a must. What does "longs" ...
0
votes
1answer
340 views

“plaintext” vs “plain text”?

I am creating identifiers in so called "camel case". This means that words are concatenated together and all the words (except the first in our case) are started with a capital letter. For example, "...
0
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2answers
50 views

What does this “striping” mean?

Compute Engine manages the hardware behind persistent disks so you can add and resize your disks without handling striping or redundancy. What does this "striping" mean?
1
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3answers
340 views

What do you call the hanging sections on the sides of someone with long hair?

I'm referring to this: At first, I thought they could be called bangs. But according to Google it's only the head above the forehead: a fringe of hair cut straight across the forehead. So ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Specific financial term for a type of amount [closed]

Let's say I take someone to court and I require him to pay me 20k in damages. But the court/judge/insurance company decides that the real value was 14k and that's they'll pay me. What are the ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

What does “silent rights” and “sound rights” mean?

Scott Fizgerald's short story "Afternoon of an Author" mentions "silent rights" and "sound rights" in regards to copyright. Anyhow he had no more equity in that property — he had sold the silent ...
12
votes
2answers
899 views

The act of declaring and revoking a structure a church

What is it called when a building is announced to be a church, like, effective now, tada, this is a church? And conversely, what is it called when a church is revoked the rights of such, as in it ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Meaning of the verb “cut” in context

Here is the context: High intensity interval training can be used to lose as much fat as possible while cutting, to stay lean and conditioned while adding muscle, or to improve aerobic and ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How to call the chairs whose back will bend backwards when you rest against it?

I am sorry if my description is not clear enough. You know there are certain office chairs (unless the wooden chairs or steel folded chair) whose back can bend backwards when you lean against them. Is ...
1
vote
3answers
682 views

What's the white thing which corrects text called in English?

What's the thing which correct text by white fluid applying called in English? The dictionary in my native language says it's called: correcting fluid, or white-out, but in fact my classmates call it ...
3
votes
3answers
940 views

“Mental state” vs. “mental status”

What is the difference between mental state and mental status? For example: The evaluation/diagnosis was based on my mental state (status?) Google and Wikipedia appear to suggest both terms are ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Word for describing that something can be mandatory, recommended or optional

(Note: This question is marginally related with this one.) I am looking for a word to describe how obligatory something is. It may be mandatory, recommended or optional (given the context, more ...
30
votes
4answers
9k views

What do you call the things inside a fruit?

I am having trouble finding the right word. What do you call the hard, uneatable parts inside a fruit? For example, an avocado has one big dark one. Grapes have small ones. Watermelons have a lot of ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Is “preferred” used correctly in this sentence?

If yes, does it mean "very much liked by people"? "I'd like to sell 3,000 GDRs of Samsung Electronics preferred."
3
votes
2answers
8k views

SHALL vs. MUST in technical documents

In my company, we often need to write requirements for our customers. They are pretty much recommendations (i.e., we do not impose anything), but given a certain baseline, some are stricter than ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Literary device for sound ending similar to the next word's beginning

What literary device is it if a word begins with the sound the previous word ends in? such as 'doubt' and 'truth' in: Doubt truth to be a liar.
3
votes
2answers
221 views

Help to understand this paragraph

Everything has broken right for England at this World Cup. It sauntered through a top-heavy group with Belgium, conveniently dropping its final game against the Red Devils in a barely-contested 1-0 ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

“the origination’s marquee U.S. event” mean? [closed]

It marks the 50th anniversary for the sports organization that spotlights and supports children and adults with intellectual disabilities, and it’s the second time the former women’s champion has ...
1
vote
3answers
189 views

What do you call someone who fuses multiple objects together?

What do you call someone who fuses multiple objects together? Is "fusioner" the right adjective of the noun "fusion"? I cannot find it in the dictionaries. EDIT: I am developing a machine learning ...
1
vote
3answers
68 views

What is this type of sentence called?

How are you feeling today? Bad The second sentence, does it have a name, is it a one-word response?
0
votes
2answers
403 views

I take careful/ caution attitude or I am an attentive?

I am writing my English resume, but my grammar seems not correct, I take a careful and cautious attitude toward the work and handle it properly. How can I make a sentence more fluently? Should ...
15
votes
7answers
6k views

Draw or tie in sports

This is valid for many sports, but in the context of the FIFA World Cup it makes sense to particularize it to football. A team, say X, can win or lose. Then we say X won or X lost. Sometimes it ...
3
votes
2answers
377 views

What is the meaning of “in literal terms”

https://www.guru99.com/java-strings.html A string in literal terms is a series of characters. What is the meaning of "in literal terms"? What can be used instead of that phrase. Please answer with ...
4
votes
3answers
693 views

Confusion about the U.S after secondary level educational system's words

When I am practicing listening, particularly when it comes to university stuff, I'm getting a bit confused how to use the words appropriately. Items are below. Undergraduate "Mostly" meaning to ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

What does “finality” mean here?

I use this link but i don't quite understand it: https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/finality?q=finality+ "Not only does this call into question the finality of individual ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

From inward to outward vs from outward to inward (a word)

Something may be "from inward to outward" or "from outward to inward". I want examples of English words (for general mathematical or philosophical terms, not for special things like cooking eggs) ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Does this noun phrase (a variable name) take a singular or plural verb?

I'm writing a codebook that defines variables in a data set. Should the verb of the following sentence be singular or plural (refer/refers)? (Note that the italics appear in original; they are, ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

The one that makes the synthesis

According to Cambridge Dictionary synthesis the mixing of different ideas, influences, or things to make a whole that is different, or new Is there any related noun that shares the same root ...
2
votes
3answers
73 views

Use of the word 'desire' [closed]

I want to know about the word desire used in religious texts. Does the word 'desire' alone represents 'sexual desire'? Supposing, if we say: Those who refrain from desire, God is pleased with them. ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

How do you call the grandchildren of a step-grandparent?

My grandfather recently got remarried to a woman who herself has children and grandchildren. My question is: what is the correct term to describe my relatedness to these people? "Step-aunt" or "step-...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How to pronounce A'B'C'?

Triangles ABC and A'B'C' are similar. Given: m' > m. How to pronounce ' (штрих in Russian)?
0
votes
1answer
48 views

What is the mathematical part called in, e.g. “a 5 × 3 matrix”?

I know a 5 × 3 matrix is read a five by three matrix. But, what is the mathematical part (5 × 3) called? A mathematical expression?
0
votes
1answer
25 views

How to differentiate between “to do” and “do” terminologically?

I would like to know what is term for a verb when is with "to" (for example "We need "to do" it.) and a verb that is without "to" (for example: "We do it everyday"). Now I read the article infinitive ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

A synonym for interpolation model? [closed]

I interpolated a surface of x y and z. so for each x and y there is z. I called it a proxy model but my supervisor said i am far from that and I need to find a different word to describe my surface ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

custom of setting the corpse adrift

I read a custom of setting a corpse in water; this was read in a novel Moby Dick. What do we call the custom of setting the corpse adrift in the sea? Is there any particular name of this custom?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to refer to 'once, twice, thrice' correctly in grammar terminology?

How to refer to 'once, twice, thrice' correctly in grammar terminology? I found sources which called them 'predeterminers' (see here) and source that call them 'quantifiers' (see here).
0
votes
0answers
75 views

The meaning of “yell” in gambling

From movie Kingpin: (At a casino table, a customer to the dealer) You are going to give me $100,000 on the line and a $50,000 yell, okay? Does on the line mean the money wagered? Then what does ...
3
votes
2answers
206 views

What is mean digest in computer terminology? [closed]

I have some sentence on this webpage, it sounds like: Its fields contain digested information about the names that are imported by the module and its concrete methods use this digest to link, ...
2
votes
1answer
854 views

“High-pitched”: one word or two words?

I have always considered such words as "high-pitched", "four-legged", "oft-stated", "first-time", "self-esteem" (struggling to come up with more common examples) single words. For example, I would ...
28
votes
4answers
7k views

“Transgender” versus the obsolete term “transgendered”

As of recent I've been reading some Wikipedia articles on gender and sexuality leading out from the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) page. However, it was not clear to me why the former ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Is there a specific word for financial records?

I'm writing a banking software that, using some accounts from a bank, show the records about it. They could be debt records (money leaving account) or credit records (money arriving). Is there a ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Is it right to use the word 'execute' in place of 'run'?

I have recently studied two sentences in which these words are used which i mentioned: your program is not executing. your program is not running. these two words often used in sentences so my ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What is the name of office kind where many people sit in a common, open but kind of secluded area?

In Swedish, the concept is called öppet landskap (direct translation: open/wide scenery/landscape). While I can explain the concept to our applicants over the, I fear that it's rather due to their pre-...
0
votes
1answer
271 views

a legal term to refer to “public right prosecution”

is there a legal term to refer to "public right prosecution" which is a fine charged by the public prosecution in the case a complain was filed against a drawer of a bounced cheque.. the drawer is ...
3
votes
2answers
38 views

Should I walk or step on your bed to get to other side?

What English term do you use in this context? "When you are getting to the other side of your room, but you got no choice to walk / step on your bed."?