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Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about technical or specialized words in fields like grammar, sailing, computers, marketing, research, etc.

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PhD, Ph.D. and Ph.D

According to the Collins dictionary: PhD in British abbreviation for Doctor of Philosophy Well in American PhD in American or Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy But sometimes I also ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the word for the concept of present, past and future?

I like this explanation from Wikipedia: Thus tense refers to temporally when while aspect refers to temporally how. (Wikipedia | Grammatical Aspect | Modern Usage) But normally dictionaries ...
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1answer
114 views

What words would you use when referring to unfair hiring practices?

Something that happens mostly in government jobs. For example, I’m Mr. X, an important director of an organization or a minister, and I tell human resources to hire Mrs. Y—regardless of her actual ...
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2answers
570 views

What would you call a course provided by a company to give extra qualifications to its employees?

I was thinking something like integrative/supplementary/auxiliary/subsidiary courses/classes/lessons/training. I'm not sure which one would be best. What I mean is a course that would give an ...
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1answer
1k views

“ on the example of the Equation” or “using the Equation as an example”

Which of the following is more correct? "we show our results on the example of the Duffing equation" or "we show our results using the Duffing equation as an example" I am very thankful for ...
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2answers
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What is the “s” of third person verbs called in English grammar terminology?

What is the "s" of third person singular verbs called in English grammar terminology? For example: does, loves, works, etc.
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1answer
45 views

“Bake” with textures and visualisation

I often hear the word "bake" used when speaking about textures and visualisation in films, video games and 3D modeling. I don't want to sound silly but I can't quite understand this particular word in ...
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1answer
576 views

meaning of the phrase “draft and drift”

I came across this in the news, and the meaning is unclear to me: "Back in 1909, a layer of bricks was laid on top of the rock and tar surface of the Indianapolis Motor Speed Way. It has been ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between absorbance and absorption in the context of wavelength?

I'm writing a paper that discusses wavelength. Which is correct: maximum absorbance or maximum absorption? I guess both absorbance and absorption are used in the context of wavelength but which to ...
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1answer
2k views

Term for “bearer of bad news”

I'm looking for a term (preferably a short one and definitely a single word, if possible) that describes someone (or something) that brings bad news. I.e. someone whose sole (or at least main) purpose ...
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3answers
64 views

Technical English for HTTP

This is a simple question but regarding a little bit more "Technical" english. It has been years since I have worked with HTTP (web) so I have forgotten. In a client-server system you can "Post" and ...
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1answer
398 views

What is the name for words such as “thus”, “hence”, “however”, etc.?

I need to write my Master's thesis in English but I often find myself repeating words such as "hence", "thus" and "however". I suspect resouces like word banks exist to help novice writers like me but ...
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1answer
57 views

General term for all types of means to aid the disabled independent of the kind of disability

I'm looking for a general term describing all kinds of equipment and other means of improving the life quality of a physically and/or mentally challenged individual. Let's say that a crude'ish ...
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1answer
48 views

Two filtration systems form “a unified system”. Is this correct?

My translation from Russian: The filtration and filling process involves the use of two disposable systems: system 1 and system 2. Before being put into operation, the two systems are connected ...
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1answer
551 views

what is the difference between frank and overt?

What is the difference between frank cancer and overt cancer? Is there any difference when I want to describe a cancer is obvious and can be diagnosed by a doctor? Original sentences in the article ...
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3answers
75 views

What is “are you”?

What is "are you" in the question "Are you going to the beach?" I thought it might be a verb phrase but when I looked up the definition of this type of phrase in the WJEC A Level English Language ...
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1answer
48 views

How to call value compared with the previous day's value in stock exchange?

Hi, I'd like to know how to call value compared with the previous day's value in English. This image is what I screen-captured in tradingview.com Q1. how do you call these value in English? -> (0.37%...
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0answers
43 views

What is the appropriate word for these? -> one day, one month, one year and so on

I want to know the most appropriate word for these. one day two days three days one month two months three months one year two years three years The context where these appears is that they are ...
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1answer
20 views

Application begin-work action

In IT do all these words: launch, start, execute, and run have the same meaning? Have they at least a slight difference between them? Execute/launch/start/run Adobe Photoshop. As far as I know they ...
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1answer
55 views

Word to describe dependency relations

I want to expresss below 2 concepts in simple terms, especially the bold parts: A and all the things A depends on. A and all the things that depend on A. Is there any special term or single word can ...
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9answers
7k views

What is the English equivalent of the Russian word тормоз which is used for very slowly working software?

In Russian there is word тормоз (tormoz) which originally meant "brake" (as in a car), but now is often used to denote a very slowly working software. The nearest word in English I know is "lag". But ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the difference between auxiliary and modal verbs?

I'm badly confused between modal and auxiliary verbs. What are the differences?
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1answer
871 views

“on the Dean's list” or “on Dean's list”?

When I want to say on my resume that I was mentioned on that list, should I say Was mentioned on the Dean's list several times. or Was mentioned on Dean's list several times. ? I think that ...
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1answer
51 views

How can I refer documents characterised by technical jargon?

I was wondering if there is any word or expression to refer documents characterized by technical jargon, such as clinical reports or patents. I could use "technical reports" but, for example in the ...
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0answers
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Meaning of “cross” in “While the cross has corrected slightly this week, we expect the uptrend to continue and recommend a buy-on-dips strategy”

From an article titled "Euro to US Dollar Exchange Rate Will Go Higher, Analysts Say, Buy On Dips": “While the cross has corrected slightly this week, we expect the uptrend to continue and ...
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1answer
4k views

What are these symbols and abbreviations “CP, IP, Ti, Ap” called?

I want to know what are these abbreviations existed in the picture referring to, and want their names to read about? " cp, ip, ti, ap, ...etc"
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1answer
159 views

Is there a term to describe this “humourous” strikethrough commonly seen on internet nowadays?

This article "Paying Taxes on Technical Debt" on thedailywtf.com has an example of this "humorous" strikethrough that is prevalent on the internet: Just to make it needlessly complicated ...
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1answer
23 views

Help to understand “her Las Vegas Piece of Me residency billboards”

I don't quite understand "her Las Vegas Piece of Me residency billboards" in the sentence below. The looks are often so showstopping that clients tend to save them for stage performances and ...
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2answers
5k views

Hiking vs climb a mountain

I was suggested using the term "hiking" instead of "go climb a mountain" when trying to describe a tour in which we go to a mountain and climb up for exercises. As I understand, hiking is the ...
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2answers
126k views

What's the difference between “Twin bed” and “Double bed” [closed]

What is the difference between "Twin bed" and "Double bed"? I'm a little bit lost since they sounds to me the same, but on the searching hotels site there are both appears as two different things. By ...
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2answers
44 views

human-in-the-loop

Can someone help me understand with the short phase "human-in-the-loop"? sample sentence I think the human-in-the-loop design pattern for how we manage a large set of ML pipelines at O'Reilly ...
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0answers
466 views

What do you call shortcuts in written English?

Writers make shortcuts in their writing and typography such as this sentence: He watched my daughter being killed. Some writers or most of them extract the word being out of sentence as a style ...
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1answer
78 views

Use of metric prefixes for small numbers

These days many I see many websites shortening large numbers with the metric prefixes, for example Twitter does it like this: replacing 35 400 with 35.4K, and 34 700 000 with 34.7M. One might also ...
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2answers
3k views

What does 'a hairline crack where the grip meets the graphite shaft on my 3-wood' mean in this English joke?

Guys, I have suspected for some time now that my wife has been cheating on me. I think deep down I just did not want to know the truth, but last night she went out again and I decided to ...
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1answer
84 views

Use the verb “to mothball” in official texts

I saw a Wikipedia article (and not only this one) using the verb "to mothball" to denote rather obsolete, abandoned, put-on-hold methods or phenomena, e.g.: So by 2003, the original ECMAScript 4 ...
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2answers
189 views

Lowercase/capital Greek letters written in English

Consider two examples: Gamma function written as Γ(n); gamma-butyrolactone written as γ-butyrolactone. Is there a rule which says how the lowercase and capital Greek letters must be reflected when ...
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1answer
48 views

How to pronounce fractional units of measurement?

From what I know, a preposition "per" is commonly used for the units of measurement containing fractions. For example, kilogram/liter [kg/L] can be safely pronounced as "kilogram per liter"; but can ...
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1answer
4k views

Best acronym/abbreviation for the word “template”

What would be the proper way to shorten the word "template" down to maximum of 3 symbols for use in busy diagrams and schemes in (bio)chemical context? From here and there I only found TPL and TML ...
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1answer
4k views

“figurative” vs “metaphorical”

What is the difference between two these terms? Are they interchangeably used? Because when I sometimes look at the dictionary, I see this term, figurative, attached to some words which can be used ...
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2answers
44 views

Term to describe events sacrificing the system performance?

Cache misses are one of the most well-known performance-losing events. To provide some background, cache misses are one of the main causes of computer system slowdowns, obstructing computers from ...
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2answers
2k views

“Refundable amount” vs “Amount to be refunded”

Is it possible to use "refundable" where I mean "to be refunded"? I know that "payable amount" has a meaning of "amount to be payed". Is it the same with refund? I need very short term, preferable one ...
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4answers
407 views

What is a non-integer string? [closed]

My English is not so good. Can someone please tell me what a non-integer string is?
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4answers
3k views

“Fixing” an error

Open source programmers commonly use the term "to fix" (as in "fixing an error") to mean to correct (eliminate) an error. Is this use of the term "to fix" common outside open source programming (both ...
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6answers
30k views

What is the soft part of the palm called in English?

What is the soft part of the palm called in English? I don't know the name even in my native language, so I cannot look it up in the dictionary.
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1answer
457 views

Teenager or Adolescent?

I've heard a lot of people said that teenager and adolescent are the same, but I'm not 100% sure about that. As far as I know, teenagers are from 13 to 19 (because of the "-teen"), and adolescents are ...
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1answer
167 views

What is the meaning of “hospitality maintenance”?

I saw there's a kind of job called "hospitality maintenance", but I just can't find specific explanation of or concrete description of it. I want to know how I can relate it to certain kind of jobs or ...
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1answer
276 views

The categories of indefinite pronouns

I know everything. They know all of their pen pals./ They know all the fathers of the family here. I think "everything" is an indefinite pronoun, and "all" is also an indefinite pronoun, so what ...
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3answers
101 views

What is the linguistic term for “to” in front of an infinitive?

I know that "to" can be a preposition and an adverb but what is the term for it in front of an infinitive?
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1answer
74 views

Is this regarded as an elliptical sentence? It strikes me as weird

My English teacher said this is not a complete sentence: I like white and yellow colours, so are my clothes. She completed my sentence with a few more words in red colour: I like white and ...
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1answer
39 views

Suitable term for “has the highest-rating”/“most-popular” (media outlet)?

If you want to say: He works for a radio station that is the most popular in his country Popular here does not necessarily mean "well-liked", but rather that it has the highest listenership ...