Questions tagged [to-infinitive]

For questions about the "base" form of a verb when it is used with "to". See "bare-infinitives" for questions about the base form of a verb when it is used without "to".

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1answer
14 views

“to be” vs “be”

I heard many times that people say the verb to be and wonder why they say the verb "to be". It's "to+infinitive" not a verb, but many people say the verb "to be". Could ...
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1answer
11 views

'He is able to speak English' ('be able to' is one chunk or can be stopped after 'he is able'?

'He is able to speak English' 'to speak' is a to-infinitive usage? If so, 'to speak English' modifies 'able' as an adverb? Or 'be able to' is one chunk unit to learn by heart as an idom?
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1answer
36 views

What is the object in “They want us to help.”?

Quirk's CGEL (p.1171) classifies "B8 They want us to help." under Type SVO (To-infinitive+S as O), where "us" is supposed to be the semantic subject of the verb "help." ...
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2answers
49 views

'I was trying to eat hot food, but I didn't eat the hot food'

I was trying to eat hot food, but I didn't eat the hot food Isn't it contradictory? There are 'eat' and 'didn't eat' in this structure. However, in informal, I think people use this kind of ...
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Usage and meaning of to-infinitive

Take a look at this sentence: "I'm happy to meet you." This may mean: "I'm happy because I met/meet/will meet you." Then, can this sentence: "I'm tired to work out." ...
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1answer
31 views

What do these sentences mean with “to do something”?

My hands are wet to write. He is doing his homework to play. I have some projects to do to watch movies right now. Do these sentences mean that: "the subject is in a condition(wet) or doing ...
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1answer
19 views

“to reduce” or “to reducing”?

Grammarly indicates that something may be wrong writing just to reduce. However, when replaced by to reducing is marked completely wrong. By analyzing agricultural data and using software, I help ...
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1answer
18 views

Is it necessary ''to''?

Because Delhi has almost 20 million inhabitants, to make it sustainable is a challenge.
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85 views

“To be” in front of adjective?

Do we need "to be"(or a form of 'to be') before adjectives? For example: I want my hair black. I want my hair to be black. This is ready to publish. This is ready to be published. I ...
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0answers
18 views

Aim to or Aim for in this context?

Is it correct to use aim for in this context? or rather I should write aim to?. .Firstly, the MSc in ecology at the Kora University shares the same focus my bachelor in ecology has. Both aim for ...
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1answer
25 views

“My seat also to go to her on my death.”

I don't understand infinitives sometimes. Here is the sentence makes me confused. My seat also to go to her on my death. Why we don't use it like or is this sentences same meaning? My seat also will ...
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22 views

For someone to + verb

8 minutes for this guy to fall down to earth yet it takes one hour for my Uber eats to be delivered I saw this comment on a video on YouTube and I'd like to know if when I use 'for someone to + verb',...
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2answers
25 views

Why do we use “to” in here?

I am not a native English speaker. I am an undergraduate student in ELT. This is my first year, and I confuse sometimes. So my question is this: "Review the beliefs of Victor, Sweet, and other ...
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1answer
23 views

be demanded + to infinitive or that clause

He was demanded “to confess” to the robbery. He was demanded “that he should” confess to the roberry. I wonder whether these two sentences are correct. When we use “demand” as in a passive voice, can ...
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1answer
52 views

Is the sentence “The fire sent everybody running out of the cinema” correct?

I have found in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English the following : Send=affect=to make someone or something start to be in a particular state:His lectures always send me to sleep. Send sb/sth ...
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2answers
47 views

“I want to go to the zoo, his going”

Can I change "I want him to go to the zoo" into "I want to go to the zoo, his going"? I saw lyrics in National Anthem by Lana Del Rey: "He said to be cool, but I'm already ...
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1answer
38 views

feel — or to have been taught

I saw the following sentence in a book, and I don't know why the "to" is there. Is it correct at all? Most people feel — or to have been taught — that there is an absolute difference ...
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1answer
23 views

Prepositions “for” and “to”

Which of the following would be the best sentence to use: Some people use technology to search for information. Some people use technology for searching information.
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The only option I have is to go or the only option I have is go?

The only option I have is to go or the only option I have is go? What should I use the infinitive or the bare infinitive? Can I say "The only option I have is going"?
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36 views

What the usage and role of “to be” in below sentence?

What the usage and grammatical role of "to be" in below sentence? It rained this morning but it has turned out to be a lovely day. What's the difference between the above sentence and ...
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1answer
28 views

Where do we use 'to'?

I always get confused using the 'to' after a verb. For example: I want to go there vs I want ice-cream. I need to do calculation vs I need calculating all this. She loves dogs vs She loves to wear ...
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1answer
30 views

forbid someone to do something

"They forbid people to enter their building." Do we see 'to enter their building' or 'people to enter their building' as the object? And also, even if someone says that the to-inf. is the ...
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2answers
117 views

adverbs modifying infinitive verbs in front of the 'to'

Some of us have faith that we shall solve our food problems with genetically modified crops newly or soon to be developed. The 'newly or soon' modifies '(to)be developed' in front of 'to'. Can ...
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1answer
142 views

“I am so sad to leave” vs “I am so sad to be leaving”

"I am so sad to leave" vs "I am so sad to be leaving" What's the difference between "to leave" and "to be leaving." As a non-native it's just different but not ...
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2answers
43 views

Meaning of “so to”

The following is from Frankenstein by Mary Shelley; do you know what the "so to" means? It seems to mean "so as to" or "in order to", but I am not even sure if it is a ...
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1answer
52 views

Infinitive vs Gerund Usage differences [duplicate]

1). I have no choice but to run away. 2). I have no choice but running away. Which one is correct and Why ? If both are correct, What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences?
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In the sentence “I watched the balloon rise”, “rise” is in what verb tense? And why?

I watched the balloon rise. I understand that "rise" in this sentence is not in the 3rd person, because otherwise it would have "s" and it doesn't. Is it infinitive? The why not &...
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2answers
37 views

Usage of perfect infinitives

"he was believed to have killed the king but was later acquitted of those charges" - is the perfect infinitive "to have killed" used correctly in this sentence ?
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2answers
56 views

Identifying infinitives

In "I have to go there" is 'go' an infinitive or the main verb? I have read somewhere that infinitives can be used after 'have to' and the above mentioned sentence was given as an example. ...
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1answer
78 views

'Bare infinitive' or “to infinitive” [duplicate]

Need advice, please. Trying to explain why not to use the "to infinitive" I got the question after it was read in a textbook. "The queen, what she does her entire life is lay eggs" "lay" is used ...
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1answer
29 views

“to be” or “be” that is my question

Does this grammar structure fit here? Nanotechnology is to develop further, as its positive aspects cannot be denied, but be treated with extreme caution. Nanotechnology is to develop further, as its ...
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1answer
53 views

“help someone do” vs. “help someone to do” [duplicate]

Which sentence is correct and why? Could you help the carnivore cut his meat? Could you help the carnivore to cut his meat?
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40 views

When is 'to' prepositional and when particle of infinitive?

1.Having been in that kind of situation I can tell you it's not the good place to be. 2.Having been in that kind of situation I can tell you it's not the good place to being. 3.Having been in that ...
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1answer
20 views

Active and passive voice usage for gerunds and infinitives

I saw him go. What is the passive voice of this? My book is saying: He was seen to go by me. Why can’t it be : He was seen going by me.
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1answer
40 views

passive with wh- [closed]

when passive is used, it is mandatory to use be verb. Thank you for letting me know.
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43 views

Omitting “to” due to implicit elements

I don’t know if there’s a general rule for when to omit "to" before a verb that normally requires it. In my native language, the verbs in bold in the example below would all be in infinitive (to + ...
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3answers
31 views

To infinitive it preposition

How to know that 'to' is infinitive particle or preposition? Which one is correct? Don't try to be smart. Don't try to being smart.(is to a preposition?) Stop trying(is trying a gerund here?) to be ...
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37 views

Be about to : Which parts of speech is 'about'?

"The man is about to die." "The film was about to start" According to P. K. De Sarkar's grammar book "to die" is a noun Infinitive used as the object of a preposition 'about'. But Macmillan ...
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4 views

Gerund and Infinitive usage differenced [duplicate]

1)I started speaking. 2)I started to speak. What is the difference in meaning of these two sentences
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25 views

gerund and infinitive differences

1)Nobody likes being cheated 2)Nobody likes to be cheated Are both sentences correct? If yes, what is the difference in meaning of the two sentences?
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11 views

Which of the two sentences is correct, considering the usage of To and For?

As Cristiano Ronaldo is for you, Messi is for me. or As Cristiano Ronaldo is to you, Messi is to me.
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1answer
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Infinitive usage pattern

What is the difference in meaning of the below two sentences? Are both of them correct? If so, what is the difference in meaning of these two sentences 1)She was heard to sing a song by them. 2)She ...
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3answers
142 views

infinitive and gerund

which of the below given two sentences is correct? If both are correct, what is the difference in meaning between them? 1)She was heard to sing a song by them. 2)She was heard singing a song
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19 views

Isolated infinitive in explanatory elements of a sentence

You were supposed to get rid of distractions, to focus, so you could have achieved that prize you lost. I'm not sure if in the sentence above the correct would be “to focus”, “focusing” or simply “...
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2answers
20 views

The use of the verb abstract in a question

Is this correct? What Java object type would abstract the number of apples to? The context: An apple or another real-world object can be abstracted into a specific object in the Java programming ...
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15 views

Infinitive in “ who am I to judge”

Who am I to judge? I understand the meaning of the sentence. However, does the infinitive express the purpose (like for example He went to New York to study medicine)? Or does the infinitive modify ...
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172 views

Grammar: BE + TO V

I'm confused with the grammar structure of the two sentences below: 1. It seems logical that the priority of any company should be to cover its running cost. 2. Owners have is to treat the employees ...
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21 views

gerund and infinitive difference

I regret being late vs I regret to be late. what is the difference in meaning of these two sentences???
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1answer
28 views

To have + past tense vs Gerund

I still remember to have met you in shimla last year Vs I still remember meeting you in shimla last year what is the difference in meaning of these two sentences
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1answer
39 views

Usage of direct infinitive or bare infinitive

1) She did no more than sleep the whole day. (Or) She did no more than sleeping the whole day 2) She did nothing but cry. (Or) She did nothing but crying which of the sentences ...

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