Questions tagged [to-infinitive]

For questions about the "base" form of a verb when it is used with "to". See "bare-infinitives" for questions about the base form of a verb when it is used without "to".

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When should I use the infinite `to´ at the end of a sentence?

When should I use the infinitive "to" at the end of a sentence? For example: My father said that I have to clean the bathroom, but I don't want to. Or can I just say My father said that I ...
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1answer
41 views

'end up to find' or “end up finding”? Gerund vs Infinitive?

What is the reason for using "finding" in this sentence and not "to find"? "These newcomers often end up not (to find)/(finding) the opportunities they are looking for."
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Could anybody explain this sentence - The movies gathered here are those that the authors feel to have had the most seismic impact

Why does the author use "to have had" instead of "have had"? Why did he choose to use an infinitive? What grammatical rule is implied here? The full sentence goes The movies ...
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2answers
122 views

raise money to do

The fundraising committee, chaired by Charles Stoddard and including Dr. G.P. Twitchell, Judge F.N. Thompson, Frank P. Forbes, and Walter S. Carson, successfully raised enough money to construct the ...
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1answer
19 views

To-infinitive, intransitive verb

Asking about ‘to-infinitive’ The phrase below is a part of a sentence and I want to know how this is grammatically correct. “~a world that had stripped him of his manhood, of his power to provide.” ...
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21 views

be careful to do something

If you are careful to do something, does it mean you do it carefully, or you are careful in order to do it? What is the function of the infinitival phrase?
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1answer
39 views

“a house to live in” vs. “a place to live”

"They need a house to live in." In this sentence, you can't omit "in", right? But "They need a place to live." In this sentence, you can omit "in", right? Why ...
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1answer
23 views

“started to get”, “started getting” or “started to getting” - which is correct?

From that point things started to get complicated. From that point things started getting complicated. From that point things started to getting complicated. Which of these sentences would be correct,...
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1answer
16 views

“to be” vs “be”

I heard many times that people say the verb to be and wonder why they say the verb "to be". It's "to+infinitive" not a verb, but many people say the verb "to be". Could ...
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1answer
11 views

'He is able to speak English' ('be able to' is one chunk or can be stopped after 'he is able'?

'He is able to speak English' 'to speak' is a to-infinitive usage? If so, 'to speak English' modifies 'able' as an adverb? Or 'be able to' is one chunk unit to learn by heart as an idom?
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1answer
43 views

What is the object in “They want us to help.”?

Quirk's CGEL (p.1171) classifies "B8 They want us to help." under Type SVO (To-infinitive+S as O), where "us" is supposed to be the semantic subject of the verb "help." ...
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2answers
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'I was trying to eat hot food, but I didn't eat the hot food'

I was trying to eat hot food, but I didn't eat the hot food Isn't it contradictory? There are 'eat' and 'didn't eat' in this structure. However, in informal, I think people use this kind of ...
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Usage and meaning of to-infinitive

Take a look at this sentence: "I'm happy to meet you." This may mean: "I'm happy because I met/meet/will meet you." Then, can this sentence: "I'm tired to work out." ...
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1answer
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What do these sentences mean with “to do something”?

My hands are wet to write. He is doing his homework to play. I have some projects to do to watch movies right now. Do these sentences mean that: "the subject is in a condition(wet) or doing ...
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1answer
20 views

“to reduce” or “to reducing”?

Grammarly indicates that something may be wrong writing just to reduce. However, when replaced by to reducing is marked completely wrong. By analyzing agricultural data and using software, I help ...
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1answer
20 views

Is it necessary ''to''?

Because Delhi has almost 20 million inhabitants, to make it sustainable is a challenge.
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1answer
86 views

“To be” in front of adjective?

Do we need "to be"(or a form of 'to be') before adjectives? For example: I want my hair black. I want my hair to be black. This is ready to publish. This is ready to be published. I ...
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22 views

Aim to or Aim for in this context?

Is it correct to use aim for in this context? or rather I should write aim to?. .Firstly, the MSc in ecology at the Kora University shares the same focus my bachelor in ecology has. Both aim for ...
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1answer
25 views

“My seat also to go to her on my death.”

I don't understand infinitives sometimes. Here is the sentence makes me confused. My seat also to go to her on my death. Why we don't use it like or is this sentences same meaning? My seat also will ...
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23 views

For someone to + verb

8 minutes for this guy to fall down to earth yet it takes one hour for my Uber eats to be delivered I saw this comment on a video on YouTube and I'd like to know if when I use 'for someone to + verb',...
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2answers
26 views

Why do we use “to” in here?

I am not a native English speaker. I am an undergraduate student in ELT. This is my first year, and I confuse sometimes. So my question is this: "Review the beliefs of Victor, Sweet, and other ...
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1answer
40 views

be demanded + to infinitive or that clause

He was demanded “to confess” to the robbery. He was demanded “that he should” confess to the roberry. I wonder whether these two sentences are correct. When we use “demand” as in a passive voice, can ...
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1answer
53 views

Is the sentence “The fire sent everybody running out of the cinema” correct?

I have found in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English the following : Send=affect=to make someone or something start to be in a particular state:His lectures always send me to sleep. Send sb/sth ...
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2answers
53 views

“I want to go to the zoo, his going”

Can I change "I want him to go to the zoo" into "I want to go to the zoo, his going"? I saw lyrics in National Anthem by Lana Del Rey: "He said to be cool, but I'm already ...
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1answer
56 views

feel — or to have been taught

I saw the following sentence in a book, and I don't know why the "to" is there. Is it correct at all? Most people feel — or to have been taught — that there is an absolute difference ...
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1answer
24 views

Prepositions “for” and “to”

Which of the following would be the best sentence to use: Some people use technology to search for information. Some people use technology for searching information.
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The only option I have is to go or the only option I have is go?

The only option I have is to go or the only option I have is go? What should I use the infinitive or the bare infinitive? Can I say "The only option I have is going"?
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38 views

What the usage and role of “to be” in below sentence?

What the usage and grammatical role of "to be" in below sentence? It rained this morning but it has turned out to be a lovely day. What's the difference between the above sentence and ...
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1answer
29 views

Where do we use 'to'?

I always get confused using the 'to' after a verb. For example: I want to go there vs I want ice-cream. I need to do calculation vs I need calculating all this. She loves dogs vs She loves to wear ...
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1answer
34 views

forbid someone to do something

"They forbid people to enter their building." Do we see 'to enter their building' or 'people to enter their building' as the object? And also, even if someone says that the to-inf. is the ...
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2answers
154 views

adverbs modifying infinitive verbs in front of the 'to'

Some of us have faith that we shall solve our food problems with genetically modified crops newly or soon to be developed. The 'newly or soon' modifies '(to)be developed' in front of 'to'. Can ...
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1answer
256 views

“I am so sad to leave” vs “I am so sad to be leaving”

"I am so sad to leave" vs "I am so sad to be leaving" What's the difference between "to leave" and "to be leaving." As a non-native it's just different but not ...
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2answers
45 views

Meaning of “so to”

The following is from Frankenstein by Mary Shelley; do you know what the "so to" means? It seems to mean "so as to" or "in order to", but I am not even sure if it is a ...
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1answer
63 views

Infinitive vs Gerund Usage differences [duplicate]

1). I have no choice but to run away. 2). I have no choice but running away. Which one is correct and Why ? If both are correct, What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences?
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2answers
100 views

In the sentence “I watched the balloon rise”, “rise” is in what verb tense? And why?

I watched the balloon rise. I understand that "rise" in this sentence is not in the 3rd person, because otherwise it would have "s" and it doesn't. Is it infinitive? The why not &...
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2answers
37 views

Usage of perfect infinitives

"he was believed to have killed the king but was later acquitted of those charges" - is the perfect infinitive "to have killed" used correctly in this sentence ?
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2answers
64 views

Identifying infinitives

In "I have to go there" is 'go' an infinitive or the main verb? I have read somewhere that infinitives can be used after 'have to' and the above mentioned sentence was given as an example. ...
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1answer
106 views

'Bare infinitive' or “to infinitive” [duplicate]

Need advice, please. Trying to explain why not to use the "to infinitive" I got the question after it was read in a textbook. "The queen, what she does her entire life is lay eggs" "lay" is used ...
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1answer
30 views

“to be” or “be” that is my question

Does this grammar structure fit here? Nanotechnology is to develop further, as its positive aspects cannot be denied, but be treated with extreme caution. Nanotechnology is to develop further, as its ...
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1answer
149 views

“help someone do” vs. “help someone to do” [duplicate]

Which sentence is correct and why? Could you help the carnivore cut his meat? Could you help the carnivore to cut his meat?
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42 views

When is 'to' prepositional and when particle of infinitive?

1.Having been in that kind of situation I can tell you it's not the good place to be. 2.Having been in that kind of situation I can tell you it's not the good place to being. 3.Having been in that ...
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1answer
29 views

Active and passive voice usage for gerunds and infinitives

I saw him go. What is the passive voice of this? My book is saying: He was seen to go by me. Why can’t it be : He was seen going by me.
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1answer
46 views

passive with wh- [closed]

when passive is used, it is mandatory to use be verb. Thank you for letting me know.
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51 views

Omitting “to” due to implicit elements

I don’t know if there’s a general rule for when to omit "to" before a verb that normally requires it. In my native language, the verbs in bold in the example below would all be in infinitive (to + ...
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3answers
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To infinitive it preposition

How to know that 'to' is infinitive particle or preposition? Which one is correct? Don't try to be smart. Don't try to being smart.(is to a preposition?) Stop trying(is trying a gerund here?) to be ...
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131 views

Be about to : Which parts of speech is 'about'?

"The man is about to die." "The film was about to start" According to P. K. De Sarkar's grammar book "to die" is a noun Infinitive used as the object of a preposition 'about'. But Macmillan ...
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Gerund and Infinitive usage differenced [duplicate]

1)I started speaking. 2)I started to speak. What is the difference in meaning of these two sentences
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26 views

gerund and infinitive differences

1)Nobody likes being cheated 2)Nobody likes to be cheated Are both sentences correct? If yes, what is the difference in meaning of the two sentences?
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1answer
11 views

Infinitive usage pattern

What is the difference in meaning of the below two sentences? Are both of them correct? If so, what is the difference in meaning of these two sentences 1)She was heard to sing a song by them. 2)She ...
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3answers
231 views

infinitive and gerund

which of the below given two sentences is correct? If both are correct, what is the difference in meaning between them? 1)She was heard to sing a song by them. 2)She was heard singing a song

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