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Should we use possession or can we consider nouns as adjectives?

I very often come across different words which I need to use as nouns or as adjectives. For some words I can look up in a dictionary whether they can be an adjectives or not. But many of them are not ...
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  • 133
3 votes
1 answer
137 views

“the execution of” vs “execution of”

Please, have a look at the following sentences: Executing agency (also referred to as "executing entity") shall mean the entity responsible for execution of UN-Women programme activities as ...
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3 votes
1 answer
344 views

Which part of speech is "left" in "now there are only 5 cars left"?

I've always thought (perhaps, erroneously) that if there is some ambiguity in determining whether the given word is an adjective or a past participle, you need to look at whether the "source" of ...
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  • 3,713
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2 answers
96 views

Use of conjunctive adverb with participle clause

I have written a sentence by using participle clause any contribution cannot be erased from the mind, therefore being essential for being successful But my teacher is saying that "therefore being ...
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3 votes
1 answer
2k views

'Past Participle Verb Form' vs 'Past Participle Adjective'?

This room [is cleaned] every day. The window [is broken]. In the first sentence, we have a 'Past Participle (Verb)'. In the second sentence, we have a 'Past Participle Adjective'. More examples:...
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3 answers
209 views

Gerund Phrases after adjectives

In this sentence, "It's difficult being an architect", is "being an architect" a gerund phrase and, if so, is it the subject?
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3 answers
49 views

Tense Usage in Personal Passive Voice Construction

Example Sentence: They believed the bridge was constructed badly. ⇒ The bridge was believed to [be/have been] constructed badly. Which should I use in this case, "to be" or "to have ...
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Breathed deep vs. breathing deeply

He looked at the stone figures all around them, breathed deep in the chill of silence of the crypt. (A Game of Thrones) I think he should have put breathing deeply instead of breathed deep, for two ...
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  • 2,897
3 votes
1 answer
70 views

"which" acting as relative pronoun standing for verbal phrases?

1: Metal will bear beating with a hammer, which a stone will not. 2: He can write a letter in English, which I cannot. In these examples does "which" act as a relative pronoun and stand for ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Punctuation in 'each gore consists of horizontal segments, or panels'

I'm preparing for academic IELTS by writing some essays and then correcting those using a grammar correction app. In the following sentence, In its turn, each gore consists of horizontal segments, or ...
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  • 347
3 votes
1 answer
612 views

to-infinitive: result or purpose?

When you say, "I opened the box to find his letter inside," which of the following does it mean? A: I opened the box and (as a result) I found his letter inside. B: I opened the box in order to look ...
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  • 135
2 votes
2 answers
48 views

“being raised” followed by a verb

While reading David Crystal's Sounds Appealing, I came across the following sentence. There was a Pronunciation Unit that dealt with queries (such as how to pronounce the name of a foreign place or ...
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2 votes
1 answer
39 views

Correct name: card-parser or cards-parser

There is a program that parses site pages with information about cards (there are many of them on the page). The program can be called card-parser or cards-parser. Which option is preferred and why? I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
46 views

Why is ( the better the job ) = the correct choice?

Why is ( the better the job ) = the correct answer ? The more I know, ....... I will get. the better job the better the job ( the correct choice ) more job ' Link : https://www.grammar-quizzes....
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2 votes
0 answers
71 views

Adjective Order and Commas? Do we need commas in these situations?

I'm a Canadian English speaker trying to review my grammar on coordinate and cumulative adjectives. I know the conversational or natural rules by heart, but I need to teach the rules for writing to my ...
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  • 141
2 votes
1 answer
32 views

many greater victories vs. many greater victories

Both A and B have the same meaning, but C is different from A and B, isn’t it? Because many modifies victories in C while even and much modify greater in A and B respectively. Am I right about this? ...
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  • 151
2 votes
1 answer
64 views

Time duration with past perfect tense

Is it correct that just like present perfect we do not usually use time duration as in "for two years" with past perfect tense, apart from certain fixed sentences as in lived, owned, known, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
28 views

Make a plan / programme for your day

Are both expressions correct and idiomatic or just the first one is? Do they mean the same thing? You should make a plan / programme for your day.
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2 votes
3 answers
100 views

Usage of "his + Ving"?

I'm completely fine with both these sentences: I am sure of my brother's passing the exam. I am sure of my brother passing the exam. So I suppose it's OK to use "his + Ving" or "him + ...
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  • 2,967
2 votes
2 answers
54 views

Confusing uses of The Indefinite article

I do not recall a thing I said because I was drunk. In the above sentence the speaker doesn't recall anything about he said, that is he recalls 0% of what he said. Now compare the use of The ...
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2 votes
1 answer
90 views

Conditionals without 'if'

I can see lots of sentences like "You touch my bag again, I kill you." I guess this is also a conditional, even though I don't see any 'if' clauses. (Am I right?) In this case, can I say &...
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  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
60 views

Present Perfect vs Past Simple. Which one is correct?

i was watching a movie yesterday and came across a dialogue: "What is this?" "It's the technology I developed" Is the word "developed" here used in the right tense? ...
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2 votes
1 answer
35 views

Should the preposition "for" in this sentence be repeated, or not?

Which one is better? Should I use "for" twice or once? Cycling to work is a healthy habit. However, my city is not built for people but for cars. Cycling to work is a healthy habit. However,...
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  • 1,846
2 votes
1 answer
60 views

Verb tense with "already"

Can you please check the answer of this question? A test for the disease …………… already, but the new one will be quicker and cheaper. a. exists b. has existed c. is existing d. has been existed I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
75 views

How do we use "where" as a conjunction?

The elements of the second column are called the alkali earth metals. Like the alkali metals, these are relatively soft metals that react with water to liberate hydrogen gas. But where the alkali ...
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  • 167
2 votes
1 answer
61 views

What is indirect form of: he said, "If I were you, I would protest."

What is indirect form of: He said, "If I were you, I would protest." I think the answer is: If he had been I, he would have protested Can it also be: If he had been me instead of I or ...
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  • 29
2 votes
1 answer
33 views

What is the grammatical purpose of the phrase "So…" in the following sentence?

What is the grammatical purpose of the phrase "So…" in the following sentence? Why don't you wear socks? I don't wear socks because I believe it's more natural and I believe my feet smell ...
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2 votes
0 answers
51 views

Where the adverb of manner could be placed in this sentence

I'm looking for information about the position of adverbs of manner in a sentence. I looked up several pages related to adverb placements here, here, here and here. As I understood, adverbs of manner ...
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2 votes
1 answer
31 views

Can 'were' be used as a conjunction to mean 'if'?

Were it true, he would find himself in trouble. In the sentence above, is it correct to say that 'were' is a conjunction or acting as such? I have seen writers use this construction to mean this: If ...
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  • 173
2 votes
1 answer
46 views

Quantifiers: Each and every when combining with '' different''

I know that there are differences between '' each'' and ''every'' and they are sometimes used interchangeably, and I have no problem choosing which one to use in daily conversations. However, I came ...
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  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
63 views

Dangerously closely antonyms

We have a tag "pseudo-antonym" here ("flammable" vs. "inflammable", "get up" vs. "get down"), but I ask for the exact opposite. A classic is "He ...
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2 votes
1 answer
52 views

Meaning of a Clifford Geertz quote about the Western conception of the individual

Please, explain what the following quotation from Clifford Geertz means: The Western conception of the person as a bounded, unique, more or less integrated motivational and cognitive universe; a ...
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2 votes
1 answer
34 views

Which grammar concept is the sentence "Knowing that I’m on a diet, Maggie sent me some nonfat snacks" using?

Knowing that I’m on a diet, Maggie sent me some nonfat snacks. The first part of the sentence is in present tense while the second part is past tense. Which English grammar concept is this sentence ...
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2 votes
1 answer
154 views

"I have (or) had been studying for my exam since lunchtime and now I am watching TV"

Which sentence is grammatically correct (or maybe both) and why? I have been studying for my exam since lunchtime and now I am watching TV. or I had been studying for my exam since lunchtime and now ...
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  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
288 views

Is there a clear distinction between "rear view" and "back view"?

Both rear and back mean the back of something. But is there a distinction between the two phrases: rear view and back view? Since rear view is most frequently used in rear-view mirror, I naturally ...
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  • 1,253
2 votes
0 answers
98 views

To be the envy of

Let's say someone is the most successful person in their neighborhood and everyone is very jealous of them. Can I say that that person is the envy of the neighborhood? I am wondering if "to be ...
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  • 1,385
2 votes
2 answers
76 views

Why is there a "a" before lack in one case and not in the other?

I have a lack of imagination. The party was bonkers, for lack of a better word. I was having a discussion with a friend and some of the points raised were: In the second sentence, "for lack of ...
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2 votes
1 answer
28 views

How to compare two periods of time properly using "nearly as(or the) same" in the sentence?

I want to compare two periods of time and say that the current one is not "nearly the same as it was in 2010". How to say this sentence properly? (Or should I use "nearly as same as it ...
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2 votes
2 answers
107 views

"This computer is for you to attend lectures" instead of "*This computer is to attend lectures."

I learned that you use "for -ing" and not a 'to' infinitive when you want to say the purpose of a tool, but I am not so sure about it. People told me I should say: This computer is for you ...
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  • 69
2 votes
1 answer
54 views

Which does it refer to in the passage?

Does it refer to criticism or the global recycling trade? Every year, Western countries export millions of tons of waste to China, particularly plastics and paper, for treatment and recycling. It is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
45 views

"might as well be" vs "could very well be"

Compare these sentences: This woman standing right next to him in this picture could very well be his mother This woman standing right next to him in this picture might as well be his mother Are ...
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2 votes
1 answer
58 views

Do I use the past simple or the present perfect after "I've been meaning" as in "I've been meaning to do something, but I've always forgotten/forgot"?

Could you tell me if I have to use the past simple or the present perfect after I've been meaning in the context below? I've been meaning to watch the movie, but I always forgot to till now. I've ...
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2 votes
1 answer
44 views

When it is a statement about a habit, a regular event, or things like that, what tense do we use in a noun clause: simple past or present perfect?

When it is a statement about a habit, a regular event, or things like that, what tense do we use in a noun clause: simple past or present perfect? 1 Whenever I go out, I have to check multiple times ...
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2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Commas in "The function is not reliable with low sample size, but in this case a good estimate can be found by simulations."

I know my question is a little bit specific, but I would like the following sentence: The function is not reliable with low sample size, but in this case a good estimate can be found by simulations. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Passive Voice Misuse, Grammarly

I have been checking my writing in Grammarly and correcting my grammar using the Free Plan. But there are some warnings that can only be fixed using the Premium Plan. One thing that is bugging me a ...
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  • 165
2 votes
1 answer
47 views

Difference between "difficult to believe that the situation {would/will} return to normal"

While reading a newspaper, I found this sentence Even if an argument is put forward that many of today's excesses do not reflect long term reality, It is difficult to believe that the situation would ...
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2 votes
1 answer
189 views

Is it "evaluated as" or "evaluated to be"?

For example, when we write programming code or math formula, would we say If obj is foo.bar, then would we say fn(foo.bar) is first evaluated as fn(obj) (and then fn is invoked), or should we say it ...
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2 votes
1 answer
75 views

Using would with present tense

Is this correct? I would buy it if it actually does what it is supposed to do? Should we replace this sentence with this? If so, please explain. I would buy it if it actually did what it was supposed ...
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  • 159
2 votes
2 answers
195 views

is regretting and regrets

I know this is the basic grammar knowledge, but I can't figure out the differences between these sentences: 1)We sure hope Brad is regretting those hateful tweets now. and 2)We sure hope Brad regrets ...
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  • 293
2 votes
0 answers
52 views

meaning of (has continued to do so until now)

He started writing his first novel last year and has continued to do so until now. Does the highlighted part mean that he is still working on his first novel?
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