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5
votes
2answers
2k views

Using the past perfect in a simple sentence

My English grammar book ("English Grammar" by David Daniels and Barbara Daniels) describes the past perfect as follows: The past perfect describes an event in the past and shows that it was still ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Are these two agreements all right?

Wiktionary.com has two examples for ‘as well as’: conjunction and preposition. Are the two sentences below grammatically correct? (preposition) He as well as you is right. (conjunction) He as ...
7
votes
2answers
286 views

What is simple and grammatically correct?

I have two constructions with the same meaning: The estimation of these attributes is difficult by using traditional field measurements method, which is rather expensive and time-consuming. ...
5
votes
3answers
433 views

At the time of speaking, no relation to present

My friend asked me, "Have you ever paid the money as a penalty?" I paid some money as a penalty, but that was long ago; it won't effect the present. What should I say? I have paid. I had paid. ...
2
votes
1answer
863 views

past tense or present perfect at the time of speaking

My friend asked me about a person I never met in my life. Should I say "I have never met him in my life." or "I never met him in my life."?
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Replacing “adverse” with “averse” and “not adverse” with “not averse”

1.A. They said they were not adverse to examining proposals for modifying the lobbying law, though they [...]. 1.B. They said they were not averse to examining proposals for modifying the ...
3
votes
1answer
623 views

Construction of future tense with 'when'

Consider this expression This knowledge will come handy, when I am going to go there this summer. This knowledge will come handy when I go there this summer. I would like to know if the ...
5
votes
1answer
120 views

What is a “grinding generator”

In the sentence, "Over the sound of roaring engines, rushing air vents and grinding generators, a dog barks." what does "grinding generators" mean?
2
votes
2answers
423 views

What does this pronunciation 'yeh'll' imply?

"Call me Hagrid," he said, "everyone does. An' like I told yeh, I'm Keeper of Keys at Hogwarts -- yeh'll know all about Hogwarts, o' course. "Er -- no," said Harry. Hagrid looked shocked. ...
5
votes
1answer
12k views

Differences between “has started taking”, “has been taking”, “has taken” and “took”

Can anybody explain the meaning of these sentences? He has started taking antidepressants. He has been taking antidepressants. He has taken antidepressants. He took antidepressants.
2
votes
2answers
370 views

Why is the past perfect is used in this sentence?

Uncle Vernon said sharply, “Don't touch anything he gives you, Dudley.” The giant chuckled darkly. “Yer great puddin’ of a son don’ need fattenin’ anymore, Dursley, don’ worry." He ...
0
votes
1answer
562 views

correct usage of clauses referring to subject and object

I have a doubt on my construction. Here is my original idea. i have written it in 2 sentences. Outer bounds are fixed using method A. Method A leads to a closed polygon having preserved their ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Can we omit the subject of second sentence when they relate to each other

I am having the following construction. 1: The figure demonstrates that the most frequent rmse falls within the range of 0.3m-0.6m. The deviation is approximately equal to the resolution of ...
5
votes
3answers
263 views

What word can I use for 'preview' in this context?

Let's say I am talking to my friend about some rock band or restaurant and describing how much better it is, compared to some other band. I say You think this album is good, wait until you hear ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Problem of abstracting two things into one

As I am having some new options to describe one of my earlier post regarding to the following two constructions making into one sentence, I want to post this once again with my options. If I say main ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

“begin + 'infinitive'” vs. “commence + 'infinitive'”

Also, this marks Goodall’s 35th year as what she herself calls “the chimp lady,” for it was in summer 1960 that, as a young woman with no formal academic training, she trekked into the wilds of Africa ...
6
votes
1answer
86 views

Is 'causal' strictly needed in “… the most important 'causal' agents …”

1-. Salmonella is considered one of the most important causal agents of food-borne illness in developed countries. (US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health) After having read ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

“is capable” vs. “has capability”

Science is capable of wonderful things - but not always, and rarely as quickly as we would wish. Science has capability of wonderful things - but not always, and rarely as quickly as we would wish. ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

When should I use “is” and when “was”?

I have worked in 3 companies, and I want to tell my friend about my first company. Should I say "My first company is abcd." or "My first company was abcd."?
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Choosing correct preposition

In the construction below, which preposition is grammatically correct: by or from (or perhaps something else)? As the process particularly runs over the objects extracted by second constraint, a ...
5
votes
3answers
147k views

Is this the correct way to wish a friend luck?

This is a very simple question, but I just wanted to determine if the following statement is correct or not when we want to wish a friend luck who is going to do a presentation on a conference. ...
4
votes
2answers
177 views

What is the expression for “take a bite”?

Suppose I want to say After ELL was launched it took a bite in the traffic of ELU's traffic. Here by took a bite I want to convey that ELL has snatched some of the traffic of ELU. So what is the ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Verb + object + verb

Which one of this two sentences is correct? I need you to help me do this job I need you to help me to do this job Can you also provide me some explanation?
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Definition for an outer cycle in formal English

When defining a thing based on the mathematical perspective, I am using the following construction: This cycle can be defined as Outer Cycle: The closed path between two vertices whose starting ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

“without” vs. “minus”

Minus its prop, the gesture seems overlarge. And in the corrido waltz ''Nacho Verduzco'' (minus its story of drugs and guns), John Sherba's violin, [...] It looks like a capital letter R, ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

When to use “and” or “or” when providing a list

I know this is very simple, but it might be confusing me. if I say; It can be done using a search algorithm such as A, B or C. It can be done using a search algorithm such as A, B and C. ...
3
votes
2answers
942 views

Confusion over the position of an adverb

We are taught that an adverb should be placed behind the verb it modifies or at the end of the sentence. For example: 1: I run quickly; 2: I love her deeply. However, I see sentences in which the ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Does the “by which” give correct meaning

What clause should I use to express following idea correctly? After that, polygon edges are extended and intersected by which leads a closed polygon.
3
votes
1answer
472 views

Any rule of thumb in technical writing - conceptual cases

In technical writing, if someone writes as his first sentence in a "conceptual introduction"... One can reconstruct a 3D wireframe model by fixing vertices where relevant edges meet. It can be ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What would be a good option to explain a ratio is this and that [duplicate]

Here I am trying to say a ratio as in 1 and 2. What would be a good option to explain a ratio is this and that - either 1 or 2 The ratio of minimum rectangle’s floor area to enclosed circle ...
7
votes
3answers
933 views

Usage of connecting phrases like “because of”

What type of connecting phrase makes my sentence clearer and more grammatically correct? (At the moment, I'm using because of.) It is reasonable to conclude that the negative contribution done by ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

correct usage of verb

Am I correctly using the verb in both cases? There might be situations where the above strategies become invalid due to inconsistency of parameters or data issues. Inconsistency of ...
4
votes
2answers
333 views

Choosing between up and above in this context?

I have always been confused about the use of above and up. Lets say I in grocery store and I am supposed to describe the position of X in a high rack. Should I say "It is 3 shelves up and in the back/...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

“going to” vs. “fixing to”

"Well, you knew Roxanne was fixing to get married," Gladiola begins. Sarah stares at her. "You mean Missy," she says [...] (The New York Times) If I'm not wrong, in the sentence above I observe that "...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

“Means […] is” versus “means […] are”

The most effective means of control is immediate removal of pods from harvested plants, but this is not always possible at a time when other farm activities are at their peak, so one possible option ...
9
votes
2answers
7k views

What are the terms for months with 30 days and for months with 31 days?

I would like to know if there are any terms to represent a month with 30 days or 31 days respectively. Big month? Leap month?
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Does further explanation help to clarify statements?

Let us say that I am explaining the reason behind something: This occurs because of a disparity in globally utilized parameters, since they are isolated from objects’ local conditions. Here, ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Meaningful use of 'hard to believe'

We often say or write, "It is hard to believe." Similarly, would it be correct if we say "He is hard to believe" to mean that whatever he is saying is hard to believe? I am getting confused here?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the single word that means “part of speech”

Part of speech refers to the linguistic categories for words or lexical items, such as noun, verb, adjective and adverb, etc. Which is the single word meaning "part of speech" exactly?
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Can sentences be joined when we need to say “such as X OR Y”?

When defining something, it can also be defined, for example, as A or B. If I give you a practical case to this situation, The idea behind the process is to find a common envelope. The ...
5
votes
3answers
734 views

"What am I doing that I don’t know? What am I not doing that I don’t see?” What does it mean?

These words are from an article. Lean in both animates and intimidates women to ask themselves: “How can I do better?” “What am I doing that I don’t know?” “What am I not doing that I don’t see?” ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between “Let someone taste” and “Have someone taste”

I tried a new recipe for coming guests. After cooking I let my sister taste it. Can I also say, "I had my sister taste it"? I don't know the difference of these two sentences in terms of meaning. Is ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Dispute around the word “snatch” in movie TED

Below is an extract from the movie TED, between sophisticated Lori and trailer trash Tami-Lynn: Lori : Ted's very handsome, so I'm always interested in meeting the lady that can snatch him up. ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Predict Cholera through water supplies; Help was in short supply

I've watched the video Sonaar Luthra: Meet the Water Canary on this website of TED. Some points in the first paragraph of his speech make me confused. Cholera was reported in Haiti for the first ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

How to explain when one event affects something else, and then something else again

This might be a strange question. I want to compare something happening at the moment with another thing done a little earlier, and again with something done even earlier, etc. So, I guess I should ...
2
votes
2answers
948 views

joining sentences [closed]

I know this is a specific question, but how can I combine sentence 1 and sentence 2? I simply used 'commas' to join them. Is this the correct way to do this? Testing of previously fixed edge and ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How to learn a word which has several meanings, maybe more than ten?

The words which have a single or few meanings are easily understood and learned. But how can I learn a word which has several meanings, maybe more than ten? For example, pitch, present, stick, etc. ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

active verb with another infinitive

Can we use two active verbs for a sentence? For example in #1: Special care is taken to extract irregular borders during the modeling. Special care is taken when extracting irregular borders ...
9
votes
1answer
651 views

Is formal English the same as written English?

In some languages there is a difference between written, formal and informal language. For example, I listened to a US president speak. He was not reading anything, but I think all words were ...
18
votes
2answers
43k views

What can I say when someone has dialed the wrong number?

Let's say I get a wrong number and I want to politely tell them that it is the wrong number. To do that, can I say/ask What number are you trying? Who do you want to speak to?

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