32

Your assumption is correct—it's to distinguish between the city and the state. Idiomatically, it's simply the case that the phrase New York city (or the proper noun New York City) was picked as the more common "identifier" over than the phrase New York state (or the proper noun New York State). (Having said that, I have heard people refer to New York State—...


18

While watching some videos/movies or reading books in English, I tend to see that people always adding the word "city" to New York (New York City). What's behind this stuff in English? Adding the word "city" is not "stuff in English". The name of the city is New York City. Quite often, though – perhaps because it happens to be one of the biggest and ...


7

If I tell people that my wife and her family are from New York, they frequently assume I'm talking about New York City (NYC). Only I'm not, I'm talking about a place that's 5 and half to six hours away by car. It's fairly important to say whether you mean NYC or New York State because the city comes to mind first for most Americans, not the state -- which is ...


4

"Write a diary" seems perfectly normal, and there is plenty of usage: I'm convinced people tell the truth when they write a diary, The Independent Why I'd never write a diary. (Lucy Mangan in The Guardian) But see this answer on our sister site, that finds "Keep a diary" is much more common. Note that you "write a diary entry" to refer to one day.


3

Usually in a thunder storm, neither the ground nor the air is described as falling apart or crumbling. Thunder can be so intense it is said to split the air split the sky rattle windows be deafening You could also say The thunder is ground shaking. When lightning hits the ground it is called a lightning strike


3

A native speaker might use any of the three options to describe their work. There are 2 million "pilates instructors", 50,000 "pilates coaches" and 87 "pilates trainers" on Google. For sports, the use of the word coach is most common, for example tennis/hockey coach. Instructor is most often for more complex activities, i.e. a driving instructor. ...


3

According to the Cambridge Dictionary, currency is the money that is used in a particular country at a particular time So, currency is money, and money cannot be high or low: it just is. An exchange rate (the rate at which the money of one country can be changed for the money of another country) can be high or low, but money can't be. A currency is ...


2

Here are a few meteorological terms that learners might find helpful to know. Thunderstorms accompanied by torrential rain can make the ground rumble and crack. Lightning bolts produce shock waves so violent and powerful it seems that the ground could burst/split open. torrential When there's a torrential storm, there's so much rain falling so fast ...


2

The physical effect of a shock wave accompanying certain types of extremely loud sound (such as the sound of an explosion) might be termed its concussive force, where—to paraphrase Collins Dictionary—concussive means "producing violent shaking or jarring." The shock wave doesn't come from the sound, of course, but from the actual explosion (or in this case, ...


2

Fall apart means to break or decompose, and is used for things that are constructed or built. Ground and floor-like things can't "fall apart" - they can "break up", "break down", "break apart" but not "fall apart." Crumble means to break into small pieces. Rain won't ever do that to ground unless flooding is involved, which is different than rain. Large ...


2

The sheriff told the conference that something happened.  The verb to tell is ditranstive.  It licenses an indirect object as well as a direct object.  In this case, the indirect object is represented by a metonymy.  The phrase "a news conference" should be read to mean "the attendants of a news conference" in this context.  ...


2

You are right to sense that the sentence is odd. A news conference is an opportunity to tell something, not the recipient of what is told. It is an event (at least in AmE for most of the 20th century). The author is using news conference as a synonym for a group of reporters and broadcast media, but that is an idiosyncratic usage (again, in AmE), though it ...


2

This dress is amazing on you. is standard and not uncommon. Many people will be more likely to use "looks", but the meaning is roughly the same here. "Looks" simply explicitly comments on the visual appearance of the dress. Saying "this dress is amazing on you" likely also refers to visual appearance, but it could be a more general statement. For a ...


2

It depends on your variety of English. In the US, we do not say sit an exam. As far as I can tell, sit for an exam is acceptable. The two common ways I can think of expressing this in AmE are with take and have: I took an exam yesterday. I had an exam yesterday. This is what the Longman Dictionary has to say: test 1 EXAM a set of questions, ...


2

Are you sure you rememberd the thesis correctly? Usually it is A thesis on Translation Studies. Since it is a written body about a subject. and A degree in Translation Studies. Since it is a degree spent studying in a subject.


2

In you first sentence, serving time is a common expression. He's serving time in prison. He's serving time at the state penitentiary. The second and third are less common because the phrase serving time is generally not broken up by another word when talking about somebody's current state. (It can be broken up and understood, but it doesn't happen as ...


2

Unanimous agreement is better. Consensus is general agreement, whereas unanimity is complete agreement. Do not mix the two.


2

When you say "stronger" or "higher", it doesn't specify what you're trying to say. The amount of the currency might be higher. The buying power in different countries might be stronger. I'm assuming that you're talking about the value of the money. For example, 1 US dollar is worth more than 20 thousand Vietnamese Dong. In that case, I would say it as: ...


2

Consider: After her parents died in the crash, her uncle was father and mother to her. There, to expresses the idea "in regard to her". He is not her own father. He is in the role of father and mother. The preposition of on the other hand expresses the concept of "possession", broadly construed. He is the father of those rambunctious boys. So, to ...


2

Even though "to edge" means to move slowly, you can use "slowly" to emphasise that movement. In this case, it helps to emphasise that additional care is to be taken when moving the car onto the road. It is similar to saying that "the athlete ran" vs "the athlete ran quickly". It emphasises the existing verb, and lets the writer be more descriptive.


2

These suggestions are all reasonable. "Jet-lag" is rather like a disease, and the sort of language that you could use with an illness (like "the 'flu") also works for jet-lag. He has jet-lag He is suffering from jet-lag He started to experience the symptoms of jet-lag... There is a useful adjective form "He is jet-lagged"


1

Do a quiz is the least formal. "Buzzfeed™: What brand of beer is your boyfriend?" There are no consequences and the results are probably meaningless or just for fun. Young students may get an unannounced "pop quiz" as an incentive to read the assignments. Take a test is what children do through middle school. They may take several tests each week to make ...


1

From Merriam-Webster's definition of stage: 2 : to produce or cause to happen for public view or public effect // stage a track meet // stage a hunger strike Although an intervention is not normally a public spectacle (if talking about, for instance, an intervention for a specific person), the verb is used in the same way. In this case, it does seem ...


1

There's no requirement to use the merely because you're switching from a "standard" basis like weekly or monthly or quarterly to an idiosyncratic one: Salary is generally paid on a monthly basis, but sometimes on another basis that takes special circumstances into account. If you have given a name to that special basis earlier in the document, let's say ...


1

You will want to stick with a ____ly basis. Using the in this context is rare and thus reserved for contexts that are specialized or have been used since the 1950s. So, you will want to say/write Salary is generally paid on a monthly basis, but sometimes on a quarterly basis. Note that quarterly is the time period that amounts to every three months, or ...


1

Here are some relevant definitions: in preposition 14 — used to indicate a job or area of activity ▪ She has a job in marketing. - Learner’s Dictionary on preposition 9 — used to indicate the subject of something ▪ a book on [=about] North American birds - Learner’s Dictionary “In” has the sense of “within the field of”, while “...


1

Yes, something can happen every day for hours. It's somewhat colloquial to say "the language school happens". Better would be: language school classes happen every day for hours. Classes then would be happening, and not the school. Bear in mind that people often speak fast and are not paying attention to every little detail of their speech. This causes ...


1

Lament (... something) is used here as a transitive verb which can take an expanded phrase as its direct object. You can find similar examples here: https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/lament_1 In other words, parents are unhappy with (or complain about) the fact that their children spend all the time with their noses buried in ...


1

perform would be awkward and unusual. We make a purchase or complete a purchase or go forward with a purchase. If we are working with some computer software, one of whose features is the ability to buy and sell stocks, bonds, and other investments, then we might "perform a purchase" but the reference there is not to the purchase directly but to the ...


1

'Told' is a transitive verb and must be followed by a direct object. As a consequence it cannot be followed by a preposition. If you want to use a preposition change 'told' to 'said', e.g.: Shasta County Sheriff Tom Bosenko said in a news conference Shasta County Sheriff Tom Bosenko said during a news conference


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