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62 votes

Is an "are" omitted in this sentence

I think there is a word missing in the sentence, but not the one you think it is. I would expect Three things in life that, once lost, are hard to build up. Once lost is a "small clause", ...
Colin Fine's user avatar
  • 75.9k
36 votes
Accepted

“Let for each 𝑗” vs. “For each 𝑗 let”

Mathematician here. Your proofreader is right. The revised version is how this is normally written. I would understand your original text, but it would make me stumble. You should avoid wording that ...
Ethan Bolker's user avatar
  • 7,123
20 votes
Accepted

Why is a comma necessary after "holding" in "based on, or holding, the belief"?

I don't think it is required, but it just makes the sentence easier to understand. Keep in mind that the 2 commas work together to offset the "or holding" phrase; it would be a mistake to ...
BoomChuck's user avatar
  • 546
18 votes

Do I have to use a comma after it in "We appreciate it when..."

I'd say definitely no. The main reason I'm saying that is because I read a lot in English and have never seen anyone place a comma in front of when like that, provided that we're talking about ...
Michael Rybkin's user avatar
18 votes
Accepted

Is there a comma splice in this sentence: "My family went to Australia, then they emigrated to Canada"?

This is the standard punctuation for two related clauses in which the second begins with the adverb "then" meaning "next" or "after that". Dictionaries provide lots of ...
James K's user avatar
  • 226k
14 votes

Do I have to use a comma after it in "We appreciate it when..."

The correct answer depends on the context. A comma can be used here to introduce a parenthetical clause. We appreciate it, when we catch a taxi, if the driver opens the door for us. But if the ...
Dawood ibn Kareem's user avatar
13 votes

He is picky about food(,) so he only eats what he likes

Punctuation should be understood as being less about "rules" than about "clarity". In this case, the comma is optional. A comma is generally used before a conjunction that links two independent ...
James K's user avatar
  • 226k
10 votes

not well-educated

As ably explained by @James in his answer, it is far better to describe someone as they are rather than for something that they are not. Most of the sentences you list just would not be heard. But ...
Astralbee's user avatar
  • 105k
10 votes

Why is a comma necessary after "holding" in "based on, or holding, the belief"?

It would also be correct to write the sentence without any commas: “Based on or holding the belief ....” The reason the authors didn’t write it that was is probably that the sentence becomes much ...
Davislor's user avatar
  • 8,491
9 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning of "raised to some power" in the following sentence?

When you raise something to some power, you are performing exponentiation. In other words, raising x to the power k is simply xk. I assume that your excerpt comes from this article on moment. In the ...
Em.'s user avatar
  • 45.4k
9 votes
Accepted

Do I have to use a comma after it in "We appreciate it when..."

Personally (as a native English speaker living in Berlin), if somebody were to write "We appreciate it, when..." (with a comma) I would automatically assume that the writer was a German native speaker....
Edd's user avatar
  • 206
9 votes

not well-educated

Can one write those sentences - Yes. Should one write those sentences - No. There may be times when it is important to describe people by saying what they are not, e.g. "The suspect is not armed." ...
James's user avatar
  • 6,554
9 votes

To use a colon or comma

The colon is correctly used (it is placed where the word 'namely' could be used instead), and positioned (it follows words that could stand alone as a complete sentence, and precedes something ...
Michael Harvey's user avatar
9 votes

Is an "are" omitted in this sentence

If you put in all the assumed words, you would have this: (There are) three things in life that, once (they have been) lost, (are) hard to build (back) up.
user8356's user avatar
  • 2,930
9 votes

“Let for each 𝑗” vs. “For each 𝑗 let”

Your proofreader is correct. Another alternative I might accept would be: Let a permutation ℎ_𝑗 : 𝐿 ↪ 𝐿 be given for each 𝑗 < 𝑛. I’m less likely to Write a sentence with mathematical ...
Davislor's user avatar
  • 8,491
8 votes
Accepted

Is "But, I later realized, have no car" grammatical?

I was excited about driving up to Manchester... OK. But, I later realized, have no car. If we consider only the last line then, after removing the "parenthetical clause", we get "But have ...
Hot Licks's user avatar
  • 837
8 votes

Where should I put a comma in this sentence?

Unless there is some specific reason to emphasize the ongoing aspect, I would prefer to see something become with a bare infinitive over the continuous version to see something becoming. That will ...
tchrist's user avatar
  • 8,296
7 votes

“Let for each 𝑗” vs. “For each 𝑗 let”

You ask what is wrong with it. Nothing is "wrong", but the proofreader's version is definitely much better. If you break up both phrases into their clauses, you get this: Let for each �...
Stilez's user avatar
  • 1,027
7 votes

Where should I put a comma in this sentence?

It is a poor sentence. Try reading it aloud - you need to start with full lungs. How about this: "The president of the association, speaking about a topic she had dedicated much of her life to, ...
chrishmorris's user avatar
6 votes

Do I have to use a comma after it in "We appreciate it when..."

Whether or not to use a comma between clauses depends on whether the second clause is dependent. This construction would almost forcibly lead to a dependent clause, so you would not use a comma. This ...
joiedevivre's user avatar
  • 4,660
6 votes

Is an "are" omitted in this sentence

You also asked "What are the functions of commas" In this context the commas are a sign of a side remark, a parenthetical statement that is used to provide further information. If you were reading ...
Lifelong Learner's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Comma with OR in a verb list containing in an introductory phrase

The New York Times stylebook "In general, do not use a comma before and or or in a series." (quoted in wikipedia) It is not the case that American English always uses an Oxford comma, ...
James K's user avatar
  • 226k
6 votes

With and without a comma

I didn’t open the door when he was here. I would take this to mean "I didn't open the door while he was here" and you are right in saying you could have opened the door at other times. I ...
Peter Jennings's user avatar
6 votes

Using a comma instead of "and" when you have a subject with two verbs

When we have phrases joined together by words such as and or but , this is referred to as coordination. Words like and and but are called coordinators (or 'coordinating conjunctions'). Notice that ...
Araucaria - Not here any more.'s user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Surfing social media is one of the most, if not the most popular ______ among my friends => pastime or pastimes?

Surfing social media is one of the most, if not the most, popular pastimes among my friends. This is the most natural way to express it in English.
deep64blue's user avatar
5 votes

What is the meaning of "raised to some power" in the following sentence?

You ask: If a comma appears in the middle ... is it a representation of the conjunction and subject omitted? To augment Max's answer: "a moment is ... the distance to some point....raised to ...
TimR's user avatar
  • 128k
5 votes

Why sometimes it is correct not to put a comma after an if-clause?

In that case I would say the comma is just there for clarity. You can easily interpret a simple, short sentence, but a longer one with no commas would be harder to comprehend.
user43712's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
Accepted

What are all these commas used for?

The main thing that makes that sentence so hard to follow is that it contains so many clauses, lists, and parenthetical asides. Each one of those features requires at least one comma. So, yes, there ...
Lorel C.'s user avatar
  • 11.6k
5 votes
Accepted

When do we put a comma before "so that"?

You do not put a comma before "so that". Refer to this thread on wordreference, for example: https://forum.wordreference.com/threads/comma-before-so-that-conjunction-she-pulled-him-to-the-side-so-that....
stapmoshun's user avatar

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