40

Ripples is the word that describes this phenomenon. OALD: a small wave on the surface of a liquid, especially water in a lake, etc The air was so still that there was hardly a ripple on the pond's surface. Ripples on a lake


40

Both usages are now valid. It is possible for a verb to develop meanings and, in particular, it can develop an intransitive sense from a transitive one. If you went back and talked to people in the 1940s, then "compile" didn't have anything to do with electronic computers. It just meant "assemble information" In the 1950s and 60s the meaning "convert ...


35

The problem you ran into is that idioms are often fixed grammatically—you have to use them in certain grammatical contexts for them to mean the same thing. When you use "hammered" as an adjective, it can mean drunk, and usually doesn't mean attacked: He is hammered. He was so hammered. It made him hammered. We got him hammered. When you use "...


24

The traditional spelling is straitjacket. It is a garment that has long sleeves that can be tied securely behind the back, preventing the person wearing the straitjacket from using their hands. It was used to prevent violent, mentally ill patients from injuring themselves or others (from an old word "strait" meaning "restricted, narrow, tight-fitting"). "...


24

I would understand it as teleport to anywhere in the world. In context, it might also imply from anywhere, but that's a pragmatic conclusion, not part of the meaning. Compare the verb ship: "We ship anywhere" means "to any destination". This is an interesting question, because teleport is a fairly recent word coined to refer to an imaginary ...


21

It comes from a pump action shotgun or rifle. A pump-action rifle or shotgun is one in which the handgrip can be pumped back and forth in order to eject a spent round of ammunition and to chamber a fresh one. Here is a tutorial on shotgun pumping. So you're not actually loading the shotgun, you're ejecting the spent round when you pump the shotgun. You ...


21

This is a cliche remark of a stand-up comedian facing an unresponsive audience. The idea is that from his point of view on stage an audience sitting motionless and silent in the dark are hard to distinguish from an oil painting. What is this, an audience or an oil painting? -- Milton Berle Just One-Liners Bruce Forsyth (concerned): You don't want to ...


20

You've asked for an "elaborate" explanation, so I'll elaborate. A character is a typographical symbol. For example, any of these could be classified as characters: $ A m ; * 3 + A letter is a symbol corresponding to a letter in an alphabet, such as M or G. One dictionary defines it as: letter (noun) a character representing one or more of the ...


14

An ellipsis is an omission, a missing piece from something that is usually implied by the context. Ellipses is the plural of ellipsis. In writing we mark an ellipsis by three dots in a row "..." For example: He was going to go to the store, but ... An "ellipsis in thought" would be an omitted piece from someone's memory or chain of thought, which ...


14

The word "of" is in italics in the original. The phrase you highlighted, more properly formatted as "with of before the thing communicated", means that the word "advise" is accompanied by the word "of", where the word "of" is written "before the thing communicated". Their example makes this clear: We were advised of the risk. The word "of" accompanies ...


13

Pumping a shotgun means to reload. The action of pumping discards the spent shell and loads a new one in the chamber. Yes, there is a difference as shotguns don't have bullets to pump. It's conceptually different either way.


12

"Ethical" in the given examples does not really refer to the quality of the clothing. It refers to how the clothing is produced. In the given phrases, "ethical" roughly means "morally correct". It implies that the clothes are produced in a morally correct manner, as follows. First consider "unethical clothes" and "unethical fashion". One aspect of this is ...


12

The legal term here is... testator - a person who dies leaving a will or testament in force ...but you'd rarely hear that in normal conversational contexts. Ordinary people don't have a word for "person who died leaving a will" - presumably because there's little need for it outside of legal contexts. BUT - if we move slightly away from the ...


11

Such a place is said to be cosmopolitan. Here are examples from the Oxford Learner's Dictionaries: A cosmopolitan city/resort Jamaica is a very cosmopolitan island


11

Some of the other answers are pretty close, but still not quite right. Pumping a shotgun doesn't reload it, and it does more than eject the spent shell casing. When you pump a pump-action shotgun, you are cycling the action - that means you are doing whatever the gun is designed to do automatically from a single movement. This can all be pretty confusing to ...


11

This is certainly not the normal usage of the expression an oil painting which, as you say, is normally only used in the negative- "she's no oil painting"- about somebody who is not particularly attractive. Note that the idiom must be used in the negative. If you say it in the positive- "she's an oil painting"- it does not match the pattern for that idiom: ...


10

It's a gaming metaphor. When you "take" a piece in a game like chess, you physically remove it from the chess board. In the same way "get X off the board" means to remove X from the game, or from the situation in general. Depending on the context, this can imply killing them, disabling them, or simply rendering them powerless and unable to "play". For ...


9

There is a related word, scapegoat, which means: scapegoat (noun) A person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of others, especially for reasons of expediency. From this word, we have the word scapegoater, which means: scapegoater one that makes a scapegoat of something or somebody While scapegoat is fairly common in the ...


9

Problematic is usually used to indicate that something causes problems. It is not his ears that are problematic, but his loss of hearing. The loss of hearing in the elderly becomes problematic because they cannot hear and evaluate what is said to them. It also cuts them off socially.


8

In general, a "character" is any mark or symbol that can appear in writing. A "letter" is a character that is part of an alphabet. Basically, a character that represents a sound in the language and that can be combined with other characters to form words. So in English, the letters are A-Z, in both capital and small versions. Characters include the ...


8

The word "regular" has a broader meaning that includes the definitions you gave, and more. In a general sense, "regular" means something like "follows a predictable pattern". It could describe something periodic or symmetric, or it could just describe a group of things where all items have a certain form. In the case of regular expressions, the programming ...


8

That's the definition as a noun. ( I mixed vinegar and baking soda. The resulting combinate was delicious! ) This is less common than combination, but I wouldn't be surprised to see it, especially in a scientific paper. The sample sentence you provided uses it as a verb synonymous with combine. Dictionaries say that's grammatical, but it is very, very, ...


7

It's disturbing. This is a complete sentence using the participial adjective disturbing, meaning (in your words) "it is unsettling". It cannot be the verb disturb meaning "interrupt" because this sense of the verb is transitive and requires a direct object: It's disturbing me. Here, me is the direct object of disturbing, so it's possible for it to have ...


7

A star, as seen from Earth, is said to twinkle. Twinkle, twinkle little star... A candle will flicker. I see the candle flicker in the window. They are somewhat interchangeable but these parings are the most common.


7

Martian: Why was that goal disallowed? Cookie Monster: The striker was offsides when the ball was kicked to him. Martian: What is "offsides"? [or What does "offsides" mean?] Cookie Monster: I will tell you, but before we get to "offsides" I want to tell you a little about the history of the game ... Martian: And why do they call that player a striker? ...


7

This probably has to do with the idea of a deserted island. A desert island, deserted island or uninhabited island is an island that is not populated by humans. Uninhabited islands are often used in movies or stories about shipwrecked people, and are also used as stereotypes for the idea of "paradise". This "desert island" is popular in hypothetical ...


7

Your definition is correct - a row is a line of things, people, animals, etc. arranged next to each other. This definition of the word is pronounced /roʊ/ (rhymes with 'toe'.) However, row also has another definition - it can also mean to have a noisy quarrel or argument. For example: My parents often have rows, but my dad does most of the shouting. ...


7

In writing, the ellipsis (not the ellipse, even though they both have the same plural form: ellipses), which is represented by ... is used to indicate someone trailing off in the middle of a sentence, for example: Well, I told him he needed to buy more printer paper... Is that a squirrel over there? In this case the psychiatrist was probably noticing ...


7

I'm guessing it's supposed to be a play on words. I think the first one means handle 14. to deal or trade in: to handle dry goods. (Dictionary.com) Roughly, she's saying that she expects him to carry fresh fruit occasionally, implying that the current fruits are not fresh. The second handle roughly means touch. By saying that he leaves the ...


7

The author is not talking about any particular, physical drum. Drum can refer to the sound of a drum, not just a physical drum. I think the author is describing the particular drums (drum beats/samples) found in the song in terms of the sound a ratchet makes. The word "ratchet" modifies "drums" in "ratchet drums". If you turn a ratchet quickly, it sounds ...


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