I think there is a word missing in the sentence, but not the one you think it is.
I would expect
Three things in life that, once lost, are hard to build up.
Once lost is a "small clause", equivalent to once they are lost; it is also common enough to qualify as an idiom.
Note also that this is not a full sentence, since everything after "that" is a ...
What's happening in these sentences is that you are starting with an original idea like this:
I have never met a man who is as rich as he is rich.
That sentence sounds strange because we haven't applied any ellipsis- the process of pruning unnecessary or repeated items from a sentence. The minimum ellipsis for a natural sentence is to remove the repeated ...
It's elliptical, that is, it drops some words for economy of expression, since the words omitted will be obvious to the native speaker.
I looked up, though I could not see his face, nor could he see mine.
American Heritage Dictionary "ellipsis"
a. The omission of a word or phrase necessary for a complete syntactical construction but not ...
Of is not 'deleted' in the second sentence; it is improperly intruded into the first.
This intrusive of has been common in colloquial English at least since I was a child in the 1950s, but it is not acceptable in formal writing.
As for the article: it is required by the ordinary sense:
He is a man.
It falls after the adjective here because ...
Go from [something] to [something else] can describe or define a sequence from the first something to the other something. In other words, from and to are being used in an ordinary way to indicate a starting point and an ending point.
It goes from A to D. → A B C D
... goes from 1 to 3. → 1 2 3
These go to 11. → 1 2 ...
After the verb Help, you can have an infinitive form of verb. The infinitive form can be either a to-infinitive or a bare infinitive. That is actually optional. Mostly in conversation or informal English, the to is often left out.
He helps him (to) learn Russian.
Alex helped a blind man (to) cross the road.
N.B So a bare infinitive as well as ...
It is possible to buy underwear with a day printed on it as a joke or as a gentle reminder to a child (or adult) to change their pants each day.
But I think Lorelai is being very sarcastic here. Emily implies that only two skirts are not enough, and Rory should be wearing a fresh skirt each day. Lorelai sarcastically says "I didn't know that there are five ...
The first of the two consecutive weres is the verb in the relative clause headed by that; you are called upon to infer its complement, which is the same as the complement of the previous were. The second is the verb in the main clause
SUBJECT: Many of the programs
PREDICATE: were not available
As @P.E.Dant writes, dropping it is ellipsis. So if either option is less careful, it would be dropping, not adding, the second verb. (That said, both are very common in every register of speech.)
The "redundant" option is often used to avoid ambiguity, because the other side of the comparison could be the subject or the object of a previous verb.
The two verb phrases sent soldiers... and is nonetheless... are conjoined by but and share the subject, Poland; parse it like this:
sent soldiers ...
is nonetheless ...
went to bed
could not sleep.
So my original answer was incorrect. "Hope this helps!" is a declarative, not an imperative. Instead of deleting my answer, I think it might be helpful to explain why I should have known it wasn't an imperative, and pull out the bits from the original that were correct.
Imperative clauses are usually in the second person, like:
"Hope for the best!" (You ...
Take a second is a phrase that is used to emphasise how quickly something of comparatively great benefit can be done. It's often used in the phrase "it'll only take a second".
It is used to encourage someone to do something they might not necessarily want to do. In your example, writers are being implored to think about what they are trying to say. The ...
The first "for" does indeed mean "because". The second one, however, means "aimed at". So the sentence basically means this:
These [writings] were chosen by teachers in the Renaissance after a lot of thought and discussion, because works written by the sophisticated adults of pagan Rome [and] for an audience of similar sophisticated adults of pagan Rome ...
It is idiomatic to speak of the person using their name, even when speaking of body parts, and especially when speaking of the face, which can be very expressive of the person's self and identity.
Ron was bleeding.
Ron had turned a sickly shade of green.
Ron had turned a painful shade of red from lying out on the beach all day.
"turned ... ...
The statement is elliptical.
...so you don't have to work as hard [as you would have to work without their help].
It's like saying:
... so your job is easier.
Easier than what? Easier than it would otherwise be.
Yes, it's grammatical.
In the context of the sentence, nor he mine is a shortened form of the following:
nor [could] he [see the face that was] mine
The missing words are assumed from the context of what came before, and understandable from the parallel structure of the sentence.
Such phrasing was more common in English from many years ago, but it is still ...
Await has both transitive and intransitive uses; I believe most of the other answers are focused on the transitive usage, reading the sentence as [Happiness] [awaits for] [you], which is indeed non-idiomatic. You can wait for something or someone, or await something or someone, but you would not await for it.
Happiness awaits for you is entirely grammatical ...
1: hope this helps - Informal but commonly used as the subject (I) is implied. Technically, it is not a complete sentence as it does not have a subject.
2: hope this help - Informal and wrong as there is no subject-verb agreement between "this" and "help"
3: I hope this will help. (my suggestion) - This is perfectly acceptable.
All three are OK, some purists will argue that the second is formally correct
I've never met a man as rich as he
The use of the personal pronoun ‘he’ sounds more refined to some ears, more "British" and therefore more correct.
The majority of native speakers will use the object pronoun, and say
I've never met a man as rich as him.
Tagging the ...
In your first example, there probably isn't an adequate grammatical rule about why. I can tell you the it is unnecessary, and generally you don't want to use more words than necessary to communicate. That probably isn't the answer you want, but you can think of it another way. There is only one subject ("the medicine") in that sentence so you don't need to ...
The sentence follows a pattern of leaving out words in cases that a reader may understand those words from context. The general pattern is called ellipsis, and the specific type for this sentence is called gapping.
To learn how we think about removing words, it may help to show several changes in a sentence, one after another.
Consider a simple sentence. It ...
Not only is it not necessary, it makes no sense to include it. "Songs when I used to listen to" is not a valid restrictive clause for the noun "songs". You could say "songs that I used to listen to", to qualify "songs" and reduce the possible reference set from "all songs". Then "that" can be left out to get your second sentence. But the first "when" is ...
The comparative, whether formed with more or with -er, doesn't need a than-clause to function.
For example, all of the following sentences are valid uses of the comparative:
John grew smarter.
Felicia became more adept at her work.
As business grows more complex, I have trouble handling it.
In the first example, the suffix -er marks the ...
In this sentence:
But, as time went on, it became increasingly obvious that many of the programs were not available, and the ones that were [available] were written in a particularly obscure form of BASIC.
The author has chosen not to repeat the word available. If we put that word back in, and if we mark the subject and predicate, it might make more ...
It's not short for anything. It's a direct instruction.
When forming a basic imperative, instructing someone to do an action, we just use the verb form directly, possibly with an exclamation mark:
This is the case whether we are instructing someone specific or people in general to perform the action.
But when we construct a sentence ...
Exists and exist follow the ordinary convention for verbs: one is singular and the other is plural. Where mathematical usage differs from ordinary usage is in the way singular and plural are indicated in the subject that follows, and an implied “for all” later if the subject is plural.
Exists is singular:
There exists s'' in S such that s''(s'm – sm') = ...