50

NOTE: The question originally did not include the sentence that provides context. Given that context, "unless" is the only sensible choice. I am leaving this answer up to illustrate some of the options that would be available if the context was not provided. The other respondent's answer (unless) is likely the expected one. There are other possibilities ...


39

One possible answer is "unless." You can't learn a musical instrument unless you practise every day The same sentence could also begin with the "unless" clause, in which case unless means "if not" e.g. if you don't ... Unless you practice every day, you can't learn a musical instrument.


26

"We are going on tour two weeks from now" means "it is arranged that our tour starts two weeks from now". This provides information about how far in the future the departure is. "I'll be gone the entire week" provides information about the duration of the speaker's absence. There is no conflict. A person who correctly understands (comprehends) the ...


24

It doesn't. In this circumstance if you said "that life has developed gradually", this would imply life had developed the planet "that life has developed ON gradually" is correct.


20

I believe you are right. We know that identity crime can be categorised into three types. We know that identity theft is on the rise. We can infer that the internet makes identity theft easier, but no information is given on how many types of identity theft there are. To add a simplified example: Apples are fruit with red or green skin. The red apples ...


18

Short answer: We can't use the word that here. Full answer: Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet ____ life has developed gradually. Here we are interested in the last part of the sentence. I'll make it shorter, so it's easy to see what is happening: Earth is unlikely to be the only planet ____ life has developed gradually. ...


18

It is a clear question, and there is enough information to answer it. I'm going on tour two weeks from now This tell you when she is leaving. The tour will start after two weeks. I'll be gone the whole week. This tells you how long someone will be gone. It tells you explicitly that she will be gone for one whole week. Comprehension questions ...


14

D, most certainly. Modest is a more positive word for small, and is often associated with 'barely enough', often linking back to issues of individual pride and making do with less. I.E.: "She lives modestly with few luxuries, but they always have food on the table." If the point you're making is that this lack is bad, D is just a much clearer conveyor of ...


13

If the sentence was “The new employee was ____ to be a failure” then all four verbs would be possible: considered: after doing some thinking (maybe not a lot of thinking), people reached the conclusion that the new employee was a failure. decided: similar, but the conclusion was reached after some reasoning. established: something happened that proved (or ...


13

Both make sense and are grammatical, but in practice you would use answer (1). You don't need "girls" to be repeated as it is unambiguous. If, however, you wanted to express that dainty and small girls actually wanted to be tall giraffes, then you would need to include the noun at the end.


13

You are correct and I would say it's a trick question. The passage only talks about lead instruments replaced by guitar in the 1950's, but this does not mean that the guitar was not used at all in the 1940's. Please tell your tutor that I said he needs to work on his critical reading skills.


13

You are right that I have expected is incorrect, since have relates to a completed action, and expect is not really an action. I expected is past simple, and relates to something that happened before now. I had expected is past perfect, which relates to something that happened before some event in the past. The verb is is present, so we are talking about ...


12

You're missing nothing: as you believe, the correct answer is 1. had met. When wish takes a complement content clause† the verb is always in 'subjunctive' mood—this requires that the verb group be led by a past-form verb, and in formal use if the lead verb is BE it is uninflected for person or number. A simple-past-form verb thus has non-past ...


11

This is a poor question since all of the verbs are grammatical and could be used according to the context: can, will, is. It's one of those questions where you have to shrink your skull down so it fits into the mindset of the examiner. You have to ask yourself, which context is the most "usual". My sister doesn't know if tomorrow can be a holiday for her....


10

The idiom is "Do ____ from the comfort of your ___". It's possible that your interpretation of what the phrase is trying to say is what's mixing you up. The sentence is trying to say that people, given the option, would choose to work from home than in an office somewhere. Your interpretation would imply that people work to make their home more ...


10

It seems to me that all the statements are true according to the article. (a) The first sentence says, "there were no reports of casualties or destruction". (b) Third sentence: "the quake was felt in various cities in Mindanao" (c) Second sentence: "The undersea quake ..." (d) First sentence says "struck the southern Phillipines", and the third sentence ...


10

You are right, Pufu. whereas is used to contrast two disparate pieces of information: bananas are yellow whereas dates are brown Example E is not disparate information, indeed it offers a reason for the first part, and so it should begin with because. Example D provides additional information about the first part, and so it is appropriate to start the ...


10

The first version I have dreamt all my life to own a beautiful maroon coloured car. is wrong because the verb is "to dream of" not "to dream to." The second version I have dreamt all my life of owning a beautiful maroon coloured car. although more correct, is still clumsy in splitting the verb. I would prefer I have dreamt of owning a beautiful ...


10

I agree with you: the answer key is wrong. As James K points out, presumably your answer must be based on the text, and not on some other source of information. But going by the text: It clearly distinguishes "identity crime" from "identity theft". It says that "identity theft" is one of three kinds of "identity crime". So the first answer, "true", is ...


9

Next to implies an immediate vicinity; whereas near to implies "a short distance away." In this way, you can have a next-door neighbour, who lives next to you, but your bank, a short drive away, could be near to your house. The key to the answer, I think, is the question, "Do you think you can find it?" This would imply that it's easily found by simply ...


9

doldrums is an allusion to sailing conditions of yesteryear in equatorial regions where calms would cause ships to come to a standstill, sometimes for weeks. The drivers are being (faintly) likened to sailors whose ships were making no progress because they lacked even a modest wind. Sailors stuck in a calm would be grateful for a modest wind. A modest wind ...


8

The sentence is in two clauses, joined with but. That means that the second clause must qualify the first and negate its assertion. The quantifier in the first clause is many, so the second clause must use a word or phrase which does not mean (or is the opposite of) many. Many expresses a large number of countable objects, so the second clause needs a word ...


8

It is the only pub ________ this local beer is served. where or that? It is the only pub where this local beer is served It is the only pub that serves this local beer. It is the only pub that this local beer is served at.some would call this marginal but it's widely used It is the only place __________ the snow never melts. It is the only place where ...


7

Actually, the statement is grammatical, but it doesn't make sense. Using the infinitive to own here implies that the goal of dreaming was to own a red car. In other words, it means something like I have dreamt all my life in order to own a beautiful maroon coloured car. Instead, to mark the object/subject of the dream, we use of: I have ...


7

Most (not all) native speakers say near {some thing or some place} rather than near to {some thing or some place}. And we say next to {some place} never next {some place} She left her umbrella near the door. The hair salon is next to the bookstore. In your test question, there is a confusing and misleading clue: Do you think you can find it? If ...


7

Answer: d) weak The previous sentence ends "demand is strong". Therefore "demand is weak" is a good way of saying the opposite. "modest" is not a clear opposite to "strong". It has a nuance that demand is always small-medium in size, rather than varying between strong and weak. It also does not fit well with "business during the doldrums", given doldrums ...


6

It needs an "s" at the end. You mention that there are multiple stars but then only reference one. The astronomers(plural) use photography and sighting telescopes(plural) to study the motion of all of the bright stars (plural) and many(plural) of the faint one.(singular)


6

Money spent on advertising is money well spent. It assists a rapid dustribution of goods at reasonable price. It is a pronoun and takes the place of a noun. Spent on advertising modifies the noun money. So it technically refers to money, but I don't think it's really incorrect to include associated modifiers when talking about what a pronoun points to, so ...


6

Good one! I suspect the dictionary definitions really don't give much information about the nuance of each of these. "In the long term" is the more literal of the two. It means what it says, "over a long(er) period of time." This varies with context, and can mean years, months, or weeks, whatever feels like a "long" period of time. For example: I know ...


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