A gerund is a word that functions as a Noun. It is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the base form of a Verb.

Gerunds can be placed anywhere within a sentence, and can act as the Subject or the Object of the main verb:

  • I like reading.
  • Reading is fun.

A common use of gerunds is the Adjective-Preposition-Gerund formula:

  • I'm afraid of reading by flashlight.
  • My sister is clever at reading upside down.

Caution: if the verb ends in -e, drop the -e before adding -ing

  • Conceiving (correct)
  • Conceiveing (incorrect)