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A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

Gerunds can be placed anywhere within a sentence, and can act as the Subject or the Object of the main verb:

  • I like reading.
  • Reading is fun.

A common use of gerunds is the Adjective-Preposition-Gerund formula:

  • I'm afraid of reading by flashlight.
  • My sister is clever at reading upside down.

Caution: if the verb ends in -e, drop the -e before adding -ing

  • Conceiving (correct)
  • Conceiveing (incorrect)