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The infinitives give the purpose of the studying, and and can be paraphrased with "in order to" I studied [in order] to be a doctor. I studied [in order] to pass the test. The infinitive phrases are not the object of the verb "study" but form an adverbial modifier. Above the object is implied, but you could give a noun as the object. ...


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refuse in this context means to express a determination not to (do something). Therefore the structure refuse to + infinitive is needed. (e.g. I refuse to go to school) For more information on this structure and on the usage of gerund have a look at this: https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/english-grammar-reference/verbs-followed-by-the-infinitive ...


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If is a conjunction like and, or or but. It typically conjuncts two clauses. That's what's happening here. [clause 1]:{ I like the idea of buying a castle } if [clause 2]:{ I were a billionaire }. Clause 2 is not modifying clause 1 or anything in it. The entirety of "I like the idea of buying a castle" is something that depends on condition &...


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The expression *I like the idea of buying a castle if I were a billionaire. is not correct. It has nothing to do with whether a gerund is involved, so let's leave it out. *I like the idea if I were a billionaire. is not correct. This conditional sentence has to use "would". The following is correct: I would like the idea if I were a billionaire. ...


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The World Trade Center is, famously, the complex of buildings destroyed in the 9/11 attacks and now rebuilt. However, you could say China is close to becoming the centre/center of world trade. We would not use the infinitive in sentences like this.


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It is a sentence with the coordinating conjuction but, where an independent clause "I have no choice" may join either the phrase to run away or running away. Because the object in the independent clause is choice that is a noun and the conjunction "but" is a coordinating one, we should use a phrase functioning as a noun after but. It may ...


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The word is "detail" since that is what is in the published version. To understand this you need to look at obselete meanings of detail (as is often the case if you choose to read 200 year old books. detail: a narrative that relates to minute points of focusses on particulars (paraphrased from wiktionary) And read this with an understanding of ...


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The verb show in the context offered presupposes using the pattern show something. It means that the sentence needs the grammatical structure Noun+show+that+noun+enter+truce. Transformation of the grammar construction gives The novelist shows that his two characters enter a truce. We may construct other syntax, though the focus of the sentence will be ...


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