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The term is from psychology. Projection is the process of displacing one’s feelings onto a different person, animal, or object. The term is most commonly used to describe defensive projection—attributing one’s own unacceptable urges to another. The concept emerged from Sigmund Freud’s work in the 1890s. Projection (Psychology Today)


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The phrase the establishment in a nation (here, France) or a society or organisation, means the powerful senior people, especially those who approve of the way that society is currently set up (established): the establishment the important and powerful people who control a country or an organization, especially those who support the existing ...


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It is not “wrong” to refer to how strongly heat is transferred, but it doesn’t fit well here. It has a different meaning that is not commonly applied to a transfer. When we describe a process we are more likely to talk about how well, how completely or how quickly the process occurs, not how strongly it occurs. We are usually discussing “degree” not ...


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In this context, yes, it seems ‘nature’ and ‘natural environment’ can be used interchangeably - since ‘natural environment’, here, is referring to the nature in said environment. As you seem to have already noticed, the terms cannot always be used for the same reason. For example, ‘nature’ can be used to describe natural surroundings as well as the ...


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The word sophisticated comes from an Ancient Greek word, Sofist, which was a teacher of philosophy, math, music and many other things. Sophisticated means that a person is knowledgeable about many different subjects. It is often used to mean that the person is well educated, has good manners or is interesting to talk to.


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In engineering, robustness is the state where the technology, product, or process performance is minimally sensitive to factors causing variability (Dr. Genichi Taguchi, expert in telecommunications). https://vardeman.public.iastate.edu/IE361/f01mini/olberding.pdf


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It means, roughly, specified or required. It has something of the sense of, "If you want X to be true, then you had better handle Y in the manner indicated." It's often used in the context of standards or protocols.


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I think when the layman uses expressions like, “be there at 6PM sharp”, or “I ran a mile in 6 minutes flat”, they mean that time exactly. However, I suspect that this usage is incorrect. In music, A-Sharp (A♯) is just before A, and A-Flat (A♭) is just after A. Music theory used to be a part of classical education, and now it’s an elective. I think years ...


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