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8

The word you're looking for is staple. It's both a noun, referring to the small piece of metal that's ejected by a stapler, as well as a verb, meaning to use a stapler to apply a staple. Example: Staple the receipt to the expense form so it doesn't get lost. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/staple


6

This is known as a "dangling participle". That is, the participle isn't modifying the subject of the sentence. It is considered an error by many style guides. I found this in a quick google search: In the sentence below, the modifying clause (Rushing to catch the bus) contains a participle (rushing). The participle is said to be dangling because the ...


3

Target audience is an established phrase. Targeted audience is not usually used, possibly because it is the presentation or product which is targeted, not the audience. The iWeb corpus has 53998 hits for "target audience", against 3511 for "targeted audience".


3

The "is a" portion used in the first example indicates that "pre" is a noun, and I am inclined to think you are correct that it is short for "prerequisite". Of course, the example also includes "(Must)" which should indicate the same thing, so there is a lack of internal consistency. In the second example, however, the "pre" category is contrasted with "...


3

To me the first implies there exists evidence that no eating has taken place: He is extremely skinny, showing the signs of starvation and malnurishment, etc. The second implies that there is lack of evidence of him eating: There is no food in the fridge, no dirty dishes, no crumbs, no food scraps in the trash, etc. Logically both come to the same ...


3

That's a common phrase in football. The meaning might not be obvious at first, but once you understand it it's actually quite a literal description. It describes a type of pass typically played towards a team mate who is already running. Instead of being passed directly towards the player's feet, the ball is passed into empty space ahead of the player, at ...


3

The first meaning perfectly fits, as you've already deducted. Waits muttered the joke on Norman Lear’s television show Fernwood 2 Night in 1977, but he didn’t come up with it. This simply means that even though the joke in question was mentioned on the show by Waits, it was not his own creation, i.e., Waits did not think of the joke, someone else did. He ...


3

Pomo is an informal abbreviation here for post-modern or post-modernist. Postmodernism is a highly flexible and widely misused term that refers to various trends in criticism, philosophy, the arts, and other areas of culture rejecting objectivity and universalism in notions of beauty, truth, morality, progress, and so on, in a rejection of modernism. The ...


2

In general the metaphors they use are not extremely well thought out, so it is pretty hard to decipher an exact meaning from them. That is mostly due to their conversation being live and unscripted but... As a native speaker, here is my interpretation: For more context, the section of the video the speakers are discussing how they think so much of a ...


2

In the example sentence, "forever" modifies "changed". If the word "forever" were omitted, it would be likely that subsequent change(s) (after 1926) might undo the change: In 1926, the human conception of the universe changed. With the word "forever", the sentence claims that no subsequent change(s) will ever undo the change. The sentence implies that ...


2

(This answer describes British usage: American usage may be different). For collectives generally, if what you are saying is true of the collective as a whole, then use the singular: The infantry is made up of many separate units. If what you are saying is true of the individuals in the collective, then British usage prefers a plural: The infantry are ...


2

From Merriam-Webster: b. computers : to cause (something, such as a file or picture) to appear on a computer screen. Both bring up and pull up are frequently used in this context. For example, from a blog post about using the Microsoft Windows on-screen keyboard: On Windows 10 and 8, there are actually two on-screen keyboards: the basic ...


2

Although there are numerous possibly meanings for "charge", the meaning in both of your example sentences is the same, "to ask/demand someone to pay money for some service". In the first sentence, when private banks borrow money from the Federal Reserve Bank (which is more or less the National Bank of the United States), the Fed charges them some interest ...


2

In this context slightly offset means slightly to one side as opposed to directly behind.


2

"Earliest" means the most early, hence would refer to the first of your paintings. "Earlier" means the early ones, without a specific timestamp, so it would refer to any of your previous paintings. Hence, earliest would describe those paintings perfectly, without any doubt of the time-of-their-making in the audience's mind.


1

Without more context, and with a general understanding of how video games are set up here is my understanding: Get is being used here to mean achieve or accomplish. with your player would refer to the fact that "You" are in fact not actually participating in the football game, but rather "You" are controlling a "Player." Therefore "Player" is sort of a ...


1

The phrase "target audience" is significantly more common, but I have seen "targeted audience" used, mostly in a marketing context. This google Ngram confirms that "target audience" occurs 10-20 times as often as "targeted audience" in the corpus used by the ngram viewer. While US usage would favor "is" over "are" in this context, UK usage would not, and ...


1

"Staying closer to home" is simply what you do when not going away for a holiday/vacation, but still taking the time off from school/work. It does not imply that the person is at home the whole time, or even in their neighborhood the whole time. It is an extremely relative term and can change meaning based on the context: A mom saying "stay close to home"...


1

The idea is probably that they were petty criminals, with low rank and status within whatever formal or informal criminal hierarchy existed locally. (That hierarchy would be the "team" that the metaphor implies.) The author might also be implying that their direct involvement in serious criminal activity (beyond illegal gambling and the like) was only ...


1

This is not really about English, but rather more about how the role of women has been historically perceived in certain European societies. There is a kind of romantic notion of certain women who acted as as healers by collecting natural remedies and dispensing advice, in order to minister to the sick and injured who would otherwise have had no access to ...


1

To say that one "can't help" doing something means that she can't not do it – that is, she has to do it or must do it. Here, that expression is used in a rhetorical question. "How could one help agreeing?" means "how could one disagree?," with the implication that one couldn't possibly disagree (because the logic underlying Stolkin's assertion is irrefutable)...


1

It seems like "give/grant eligibility" is what is confusing you. eligibility (n): the fact of being allowed to do or receive something because you satisfy certain conditions: A "grants eligibility" for B, if A satisfies the conditions for B. "Granting eligibility to apply" is a participle phrase that modified the noun "degree". It is the same grammar ...


1

No, it doesn't mean if you omit good things. The hint of what she means is earlier in the story, when she says: "So many people visited, and the fireplace made all of them want to tell amazing stories; the child who happened to be standing on the right corner when the door of the ice cream truck came open and hundreds of popsicles crashed out; he man ...


1

"Any life will seem dramatic if you omit mention of most of it." She actually means: All lives have dramatic moments, leave out the boring parts. The author is using irony, a typical literary device. most of it=most of any life. Merriam Webster definition of irony: Irony | Definition of Irony by Merriam-Webster https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/...


1

The term "homology" is not at all common, but its definition is based on common Greek roots. It is the noun form of the slightly more common term "homologous": homologous (adj): having the same position, value, structure, etc.," 1650s, from Latinized form of Greek homologos "agreeing, of one mind," from homos "same" + logos "relation, reasoning, ...


1

Yes, you are correct that the passage means, "one bit [of the sand] was glinting (sparkling) more than the rest [of the sand]", and of course that bit was the diamond, not sand. But the specific phrase, "one bit glinting more than the rest", is just a literal description of the way the event happened. The story, taken as a whole, is about the extra meaning ...


1

The ODE gives the meaning of threaten as state one’s intention to take hostile action against someone in retribution for something done or not done. In this case, President Trump has indicated that tariffs will be imposed on Mexico if the Mexican government does not take appropriate and effective steps to reduce migrant transit of Mexico to the US ...


1

I graduated with a degree in Spanish Education in October. I started classes in December. I have devised a new structure for computer training. I started classes in December. In both cases the context makes it clear that the speaker is teaching classes, not taking them. But in the absence of such context "I started classes" usually means taking them, ...


1

Usually, "Holding on" means being mentally in-control, or for dealing with difficult situation. But, as Marling is using it for photography, it might mean that, through the photos, people tend to capture the moment, and try to grasp (hold) it forever, as now it will be with them forever. Now they will always be able to hold onto the memory that they were ...


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