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77 votes
Accepted

Who is frowning in the sentence "Daisy looked at Tom frowning"?

From the sentence alone, it could mean either #1 or #2; there is no way to tell without context. #1 would be the more common meaning of this construction, but #2 is perfectly proper. In this case, ...
David Siegel's user avatar
  • 41.2k
58 votes
Accepted

Why is it "crouching tiger hidden dragon" but not "crouching tiger hiding dragon"?

Something that is hiding is taking some deliberate action to hide. Something that is hidden is just not in view (literally or figuratively), possibly due to outside factors. The book/film title ...
TypeIA's user avatar
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57 votes
Accepted

Popcorn is the only acceptable snack to consume while watching a movie

I agree with this answer and this comment answer that say the original sentence is grammatical. Your proposed correction, Popcorn is the only acceptable snack to consume while people are watching ...
Mixolydian's user avatar
  • 8,687
25 votes
Accepted

Is "Not being a cat none of them could catch the mouse" grammatical?

In this case your seeming "double negation" is actually required for the meaning you wish. Let's look at the sentence in a more standard format. They could not catch the mouse because they are not ...
Catija's user avatar
  • 25.4k
19 votes

What is 'crying' in 'She saw him crying.'

I really think that the way we talk about participles is unnecessarily convoluted. Present participles are an inflected form of verbs and can be used as part of a verb phrase, as an adjective, or as a ...
Jeff Morrow's user avatar
  • 32.1k
16 votes

Popcorn is the only acceptable snack to consume while watching a movie

The sentence is grammatically correct as is. If you wanted to make it explicit, you could say Popcorn is the only acceptable snack for people watching a movie. or Popcorn is the only ...
Brythan's user avatar
  • 444
13 votes

Is "Not being a cat none of them could catch the mouse" grammatical?

It is grammatically well formed, but could be better punctuated, and the slight stress between the singular in the first phrase and the plural in the main clause can be eliminated: Not being cats, ...
James K's user avatar
  • 226k
10 votes

Who is frowning in the sentence "Daisy looked at Tom frowning"?

Note: I gave this answer before it was edited to provide additional context. At the time, the only phrase provided was: Daisy looked at Tom frowning. It's ambiguous and could be interpreted either ...
Jason Bassford's user avatar
9 votes

Is "Not being a cat none of them could catch the mouse" grammatical?

This sentence is much more readable with the addition of a single comma: Not being a cat, none of them could catch the mouse. The clause "Not being a cat" applies to the subject of the sentence, ...
Kevin K.'s user avatar
9 votes

Popcorn is the only acceptable snack to consume while watching a movie

There are no immediate issues with the sentence that I can see. Adding in "while people are" is redundant, as it's implied that people are watching the movie while eating popcorn. Your dog or pet fish ...
Havegooda's user avatar
  • 272
8 votes
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What are these ingforms of learning?

I generally agree with Jeff Morrow's answer (though only some linguists treat a gerund as just a way of using a participle: many regard them as different forms which happen to have the same shape). ...
Colin Fine's user avatar
  • 75.9k
7 votes

Why is it "crouching tiger hidden dragon" but not "crouching tiger hiding dragon"?

Yeah, basically, what TypelA said in their answer. But then there is also the issue of grammar, I think. In "crouching tiger hidden dragon", both "crouching" and "hidden" ...
AIQ's user avatar
  • 10k
7 votes

Why are present participles used in this way? Do both passage convey the exact same meaning?

No, the two versions have different meanings. The original version can be re-written: Extreme heat also depletes the oil’s additives sooner, which alters the oil’s chemistry and prevents it from ...
gotube's user avatar
  • 50.9k
6 votes

Why is it "crouching tiger hidden dragon" but not "crouching tiger hiding dragon"?

The reason it is not "Crouched Tiger Hidden Dragon" is already included in TypeIA's answer. Unlike the dragon, the tiger is taking a deliberate action to crouch. There is a tiger that is ...
Mark Foskey's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

While crossing the road, the old man was hit by a bus

The question we have to answer is "Who was crossing the road?" While crossing the road, the old man was hit by a bus. [The old man was crossing the road.] While crossing the road, the bus ...
RobJarvis's user avatar
  • 555
5 votes

How to parse "have something/someone + -ing"

"Guys saluting" is a description of a situation, not of people. If Mr. Obama wanted to refer to people who salute, he could use "guys who salute" or "saluting guys" instead. You can compare this to "...
laugh salutes Monica C's user avatar
5 votes

I'm doing teaching

Yes, you can use doing + teaching together. Here is an example that might make your teacher feel more comfortable: I'm doing some private teaching in the afternoons this year, so I won't be able ...
aparente001's user avatar
  • 1,742
5 votes
Accepted

Being washed two weeks ago

It's not wrong to use "being", but as WendyG says, most native speakers would probably choose "having been". It makes more sense to describe washing as a relative action, especially (as stangdon ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 88.4k
5 votes

Which of the two words sounds more natural and common to native speakers? “Though merging/merged...”

Merged and merging mean something different. In your sentence they are used as participles- one present participle the other Perfect participle. Merging would mean in your sentence that they are ...
user1535037's user avatar
5 votes

What are these ingforms of learning?

In all these cases, "learning" is the present participle of learn. A present participle can be used in conjunction with a form of the verb "be" to form a progressive tense of the verb with the root ...
Jeff Morrow's user avatar
  • 32.1k
5 votes
Accepted

Is "doing" in "I'm the first woman doing it" a gerund or A participle?

Modern grammars don't distinguish between gerunds and participles, and nor should you. So you can say this is a gerund-participle. Traditional grammars distinguish between -ing verbs which are in a ...
James K's user avatar
  • 226k
4 votes
Accepted

Are Nouns as Adjective and Present Participle as Adjective in the sentence?

the vampire life-blood cash draining net worth sweep I suggest you should parse it thus: the 'core' of the entire phrase is the NP net worth sweep ... this phrase occurs in the title of the article, ...
StoneyB on hiatus's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Can I use 'having' in a noun clause?

The one having a blue pen is grammatically impeccable, but impossibly literary. This sort of utterance is unlikely to appear in a formal context, and practically no Anglo-American speaker today (and ...
StoneyB on hiatus's user avatar
4 votes

Can I use 'having' in a noun clause?

*The one having a blue pen. (ungrammatical with this meaning) The sentence above would be regarded as ungrammatical by most native speakers when used to convey the meaning the one who has a blue pen. ...
Araucaria - Not here any more.'s user avatar
4 votes

Popcorn is the only acceptable snack to consume while watching a movie

The sentence is fine. One can perform one action (consuming food) while performing another (watching a movie). so 1. Yes, 2. A newspaper is useful to read while riding in a bus; an umbrella is useful ...
Michael Harvey's user avatar
4 votes

Popcorn is the only acceptable snack to consume while watching a movie

There is a construction in English that has the form <action> while <condition>. The "condition" in this construction could be a simple adjective, a word form that serves as an ...
David K's user avatar
  • 3,177
4 votes

How can we identify that "It's freezing", freezing is an adj not verb+ing?

When a verb acts as an adjective, it is called a participle adjective. Sometimes verbs or verbal phrases in English can act nouns. These are called gerunds. You can usually tell the meaning from the ...
Benjamin Godfrey's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

How to use "Having + V3" and "Having been + V3" at the beginning of sentences

These participle phrases can be added to a sentence to explain the reason for the main part of the sentence. I'd prefer the first example to be something like: Having seen my mother work tirelessly, ...
James K's user avatar
  • 226k
4 votes
Accepted

Does "-ing" always tell us about duration?

It is not true that "ing" always conveys duration. Your example sentences have similar enough meaning, and neither one conveys duration. "Having finished" means because we had ...
gotube's user avatar
  • 50.9k
3 votes
Accepted

"I am filtering X" and "I have a X filter". Am I keeping X or discarding X?

Consider the definition below. I have selected three examples from the dictionary - the first is the neutral sense, the second has the filter-out sense, and the third has the filter-in sense. ...
Lawrence's user avatar
  • 6,001

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