78

From the sentence alone, it could mean either #1 or #2; there is no way to tell without context. #1 would be the more common meaning of this construction, but #2 is perfectly proper. In this case, the previous paragraph makes it clear that Tom was happy (the term "boisterously" is used), and that Daisy and Gatsby were not. Therefore, #1 was intended. ...


74

The "standard" spelling is Scary-looking thing, isn't he? I'm not entirely sure, but I believe this kind of spelling is called "eye dialect": Eye dialect is the use of nonstandard spelling for speech to draw attention to pronunciation. The term was coined by George Philip Krapp to refer to the literary technique of using nonstandard spelling that ...


65

Eton is a prestigious British public school for boys. As an aside - in the British education system, a public school is a privately run school that people pay (large) fees to attend - normally a fairly old one. They're called 'public schools' because when they were established, schools were generally owned and operated by groups like the church or trade ...


38

To me, this seems like an unusual usage of phrasal verb get after: get after 2. To pursue something that is a problem or menace: If you don't get after those termites, your house will be destroyed. (TFD) You get after [someone/something] (with something). Wareheim's usage strikes me as a (US) Southernism, and the article does state that the man has a ...


34

Your conjecture is invalid. Follow takes an object and an optional locative complement designating the destination or path of movement. But it never has a causative sense: the subject does not cause the object to move.


30

In this case, there is a very fashion-specific meaning for grounded. One occasional definition of the verb ground is to keep something on the ground or to prevent something from taking off/flying (see, for example, MacMillan Dictionary). Fashion writing sometimes plays on this meaning to describe some element of an outfit that keeps it from being too ...


29

The original quote has been so badly mangled by someone who simply failed to copy it out correctly in the first place. It has then been handed round the internet by others who simply never bothered to check if it was correct.. or even if it made any sense at all. Maybe they thought William Morris lived some time before Shakespeare & so "spoke funny", ...


24

To add on to Werrf's answer: "I was down for Eton" is a very British and a very posh way to say that the speaker was supposed to attend school at Eton when he was old enough. It immediately identifies the speaker as a particular nationality and social class (so much so that I can practically hear the speaker's accent in my mind as I read it). Americans and ...


23

Both Eddie's and Enguroo's answers are correct, but neither say why. The easiest way to compare two things is to put them next to each other and have a look. Hence, the idiom is derived from the act of identifying differences in objects by placing them side-by-side and measuring: eg, which is taller/shorter, what colour the two objects are. In the example,...


22

When somebody is standing in front of a crowd and they say left or right, it's almost always in reference to the perspective of the crowd that is being addressed. A teacher may turn and point to the blackboard, indicated something to the left or right as they are now facing. In theatre, if an actor or director wants to talk about things from the ...


22

The English "th" sound is relatively hard to pronounce, and in some English dialects it tends to be replaced by "f" or "v" at the start of words. This is common enough to have a technical name, th-fronting. In the OP's example "thing" is pronounced "fing". Clusters of consonants tend to be omitted or simplified in some dialects. and "t" in the middle of a ...


21

No, the second meaning does not work. The word follow cannot have that meaning. For contrast, let's look at a different sentence: A dog chased the man into the store. This sentence can have two different interpretations: The man caused the dog to enter the store. (The man chose to run into the store, and the dog ran in behind him.) The dog caused the ...


20

The ambiguity of sleeping with being a euphemism for sex is often the cause of humour, confusion, or embarrassment for English speakers. This Quora discussion gives a brief history of this usage in English, which goes back to the tenth century. I can't speak to why Google Translate doesn't offer more subtle translations in this case, but I can help with ...


18

It is idiomatic to speak of the person using their name, even when speaking of body parts, and especially when speaking of the face, which can be very expressive of the person's self and identity. Ron was bleeding. Ron had turned a sickly shade of green. Ron had turned a painful shade of red from lying out on the beach all day. "turned ... ...


18

Socially this is awkward. It is not common to "ask to be friends". If you don't know someone's name, you can't know that you want to be friends. Instead, you introduce yourself, talk about things that interest you both, and if you get along you might arrange to meet again later. If you tell someone your name it is natural for them to tell you theirs (so ...


18

I think the easiest way to phrase this would be "I stayed with". For instance, if you shared a room with your father at a hotel, you can say "I stayed with my dad at the hotel" or "I stayed in a room with my dad". "I shared a room with my father" is also pretty unambiguously platonic.The details of who slept in what bed are probably not necessary to get your ...


17

The phrase 'out of' can be used to talk about manufacturing or creating something by using one or more ingredients or constituents. We make an omelette out of eggs and butter. We can make a house out of (among other things) bricks, stone blocks, etc. In the 1980s a British insurance company advertised its fuss-free approach to claims with the slogan "We won'...


17

The difference is somewhat subtle, but the shifting around of the words really does change the emphasis, with that emphasis being on what directly follows the main verb: I'd like something to drink. This emphasizes that you care about the something rather than the act of drinking. This is most often used in restaurants or other situations where you're ...


17

It simply means the building used to be beautiful previously. "once" means: at some time in the past; formerly. (from Google) So, "once-beautiful" means the building was beautiful previously and stands in contrast to its current state - "dirty, decrepit, and roofless". You can add "once" to almost any adjective, such as "once-important".


16

You are right. In this sentence the author compares owls to rumors (one of the meanings of next to is in comparison with). If some ideas, accusations, remarks or rumors are flying around, they are passed quickly from one person to another and cause excitement. It goes without saying that, being birds, owls fly around too. Note that Professor McGonagall ...


15

"It" is a dummy pronoun, it doesn't really refer to something in particular. "doesn't do" is the usual negation of the verb "to do". There is a sense of "do" that means "to succeed" "to make progress", "To be acceptable" You will know the greeting "How do you do?" (meaning "how is your progress"). And perhaps its use in phrases like "Will £20 do?" meaning "...


14

"the hearing was winding down" does mean to start to come to an end. But the parse is this: The California Democrat, who's considering a presidential run, pressed Kavanaugh late Wednesday [[as the hearing wound down]]|| to tell her|| who, if anyone, he's spoken to|| at a law firm about special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into contacts between ...


13

That way of speaking is common in some English dialects like South and East London and northern areas around Manchester. "Fing" is just another way of saying "thing" equivalently "innee" is how some people say "isn't he" in some parts of England. I'd imagine it's to show the character's regional accent.


13

My understanding is that picks should be changed to picked. As for the philosophical content explicitly picked over in the film’s dialogue, it’s something for the viewer to digest. Now it sounds normal.


12

Imagine this: Two people love each other. They fight. They break up. Then, they sometimes see each other in public places. This can be described as a past action in the following way: Now, when John saw her, it was always a reminder of times past. I prefer to put the now up front to make it easier to understand. The expression: it was always means: ...


12

The phrase all along is often used in contexts where some duplicity or mistaken understanding is involved. You've been attending our meetings for weeks, and I thought you were interested in the birds that migrate to this area during the winter. But all along you just wanted to get to know Martha so you could ask her out on a date! This entire time, you ...


12

I don't know what you mean by the second sentence, it makes no sense to me. The sentence you are asking about means: a man walks into the store and is followed by a dog. The dog is walking behind the man.


11

I would say this is the figurative use of grounding to refer to something being reliable and practical. When a person has their feet on the ground, it means that they're sensible and focused on the immediate practicalities of the world around them, as opposed to someone who has their head in the clouds, constantly thinking about abstract ideas or fantasies. ...


11

No, "nakedly" is not commonly used in this sense. It can be used "obviously (and unpleasantly)". Cambridge gives the example sentence: This is a nakedly racist organisation. Meaning that they do not try to hide this fact. It is possible to use "naked" adverbially (or as a predicate adjective, or a appositive adjective, modifying "she"): She went ...


10

It is a proverb: The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence People are never satisfied with their own situation; they always think others have it better. (Dictionary.com) The idiom derives from a more recent version of an ancient proverb and exists in many variations. The Roman poet Ovid, for example, cited the proverb “ferilor seges ...


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