4

Your analysis of "money spent" is reasonable: the phrase includes the noun "money" and its participial modifier "spent".  This "spent" is the past-participle form of the verb to spend. Your analysis of "substance use" is mistaken.  The word "use" as it exists in this phrase is not a verb.  It's a ...


2

An occurrence is every instance of the event. A recurrence is every instance after the first event. So the first recurrence of the event is the second occurence. If I understand correctly you want the option to change every event, including the first one. In this case I would say that "Occurrence" is the right way to lable it.


2

Great = large, considerable. Grave = serious. Just two different ways of expressing the same idea.


2

It isn't quite clear from the picture what it is, and that is relevant because it depends on the purpose of the structure. For example, it could be a tollbooth on a motorway, or it could be a security checkpoint at a border. These type of barriers are used in various ways. The word 'checkpoint' implies that some kind of procedure is involved, i.e. showing ID....


2

The examples you give are certainly not "rules", otherwise nobody would ever make a negative statement. I wouldn't even say they were all "principles" either, as they might not all apply in every situation There are some general principles of writing that we refer to as "rules of thumb". That is an expression we use to describe ...


1

We can say that we perform an act using a noun to indicate the purpose of the act. An act carried out to please God, or anyone else, is done for the pleasure of that person. Likewise, we can say, for example, that a teacher makes a demonstration, delivers a lecture, etc, for the instruction of his or her pupils.


1

He is both a customer and a passenger. Using "customer" emphasises the fact that "the customer is always right" so is used by taxi companies to remind their drivers to have a "customer focus". Passenger emphasises the fact that he is getting a service from the driver. So we have "Taxi passenger rules: No smoking, do not ...


1

You can assuage a feeling, pain, or desire; you can soothe these things, and also soothe a person. You cannot assuage a person. Assuage Soothe


1

It's a long, long time since lunatic has been anything but a colloquial insult. You seem to be confused in your definitions. Mental/psychiatric illness is an acquired condition which can be treated. (2), (3) and (4) refer to irreversible conditions, usually present from childhood. The approved term, at least in the UK, is people with learning difficulties. ...


1

They are actually both farewells. “See you” in that context is shorthand for saying “I’ll next see you”. Socially, it’s courteous in that it lets them know that we’re thinking of them and looking forward to when we’ll next see them. If we’ll be continuing to see them now it doesn’t make sense to state when we’ll next be seeing them.


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