An honest mistake is a true or a genuine mistake. There's no such thing as a "dishonest" mistake—something is either an accident or it isn't. Rather, the term "honest mistake" is meant to contrast with an accidentally-on-purpose mistake.
Two coworkers don't get along. One of them accidentally takes a drink that the other had ...
Dawkins is referring to compound eyes
A compound eye is a visual organ found in arthropods such as insects
and crustaceans. It may consist of thousands of ommatidia, which
are tiny independent photoreception units that consist of a cornea,
lens, and photoreceptor cells which distinguish brightness and color.
The image perceived by this arthropod eye is a ...
If anyone should die [...] his property and effects  should be left for his heirs , and no one should interfere with them. If he should have no heirs, they should appoint inspectors and separate guardians to guard the property,
The first pronoun in the passage, them, pretty clearly refers to Nouns 1 (his property and effects). The second pronoun they ...
The text is slightly ambiguous.
Hereditary (of a title, office, or right) conferred by or based on inheritance.
So the text could be saying that the granting of the right passed from one generation to another, presumably via the ruler and his/her offspring.
Or it might mean, and I think this is more likely, that the small tracts of land referred to passed ...
The accepted answer here correctly explains that the "o'" contraction is short for "of the", but it does not explain how it came to be in the first place.
Prior to the introduction of clocks, there were other indicators of time, like celestial bodies. Even when clocks were introduced, very few people had them, and common people still used ...