I have been writing and rewriting a text which now contains the following sentence:

"I have mainly studied Economics, but culture and languages is something I really enjoy; Today I fluently speak Spanish, Italian, French and I have good knowledge of English."

At the same time that, for some reason, it sounds right to me; because of "culture and languages" not agreeing with "is", it makes me believe that this sentence is wrong. It it right or wrong? Why is it so?

  • 1
    You asked this same question on ELU. I gave you an answer there, but here it is again: It doesn't matter whether the individual coordinates are singular or plural: the coordination as a whole denotes a set containing at least two members and hence takes plural agreement. The two subjects, "culture" and "languages" are separately something that you enjoy. So plural "are" is correct.
    – BillJ
    Jan 31, 2017 at 14:25
  • You can also rewrite your sentence: I have studied mainly Economics but really enjoy culture and languages. The dummy placeholder "is|are something" adds nothing to your sentence.
    – TimR
    Jan 31, 2017 at 15:11

2 Answers 2


The singular is indicates that you want the reader to think of culture and languages as a single, unified thing. It suggests that the meaning you want to convey by the phrase culture and languages probably doesn't have any clear boundary or distinction between culture and languages. The word something, immediately following, helps reinforce this singular meaning. The fact that language is probably the most central part of culture makes it easy to interpret the phrase this way.

This use of a singular verb to indicate that a subject with plural wording is to be understood as "one" thing is not unusual in English. Your intuition is good. Here are some examples from books:

Love and marriage is the central theme of A Midsummer Night's Dream. [Source]

Afterwards, as Cathy and Brian leave together, a heavy block and tackle falls from the roof of the works section, narrowly missing them. [Source]

If you are someone who wants to have fun making money, while having a healthy and therapeutic job, then arts and crafts is for you. [Source]

Jameson's poignant exposure of a people whose culture and language is suppressed by their invaders stresses an aspect of the tragedy which goes beyond the physical. [Source]

That said, some people will still perceive an incongruity. People's perception of ungrammaticality is not so much based on rules of grammar as on how strongly one sequence of words raises an expectation that another word violates. Block and tackle and arts and crafts occur together frequently, and they describe things that people think of as "one" thing, so it's easy for the pressure of a singular verb to get people to hear them as a singular subject. But since people haven't heard culture and languages together as often, it's a little harder for a singular verb to overcome the expectation that a plural verb is coming. The fact that the plural noun languages comes immediately before the singular verb is adds a little more to the feeling of incongruity.

You could revise the phrase to culture and language. But I see why you want to say languages: the plural "agrees" with—and reinforces in the reader's mind—the fact that you're fluent in several languages. So, to keep languages plural, you can play with another variable: word order. You could rearrange your sentence something like this, which is also more forceful because the stronger, active verb enjoy replaces the fairly inert verb is:

I have mainly studied Economics, but I also greatly enjoy culture and languages. Today I speak fluent Spanish, Italian, and French, and I know how to push subject-verb agreement in English to its limits.

P.S. Here's another question that illustrates how people sometimes get confused about which noun the verb should agree with, based on proximity of words rather than grammar rules.


I think your confusion is that you mixed plural/singular with your use of "culture" and "languages." I think any of the following would be phrased better:

"...but culture and language is something I really enjoy..."

"...but cultures and languages are something I really enjoy..."

"...but I really enjoy culture and language..."

"...but I really enjoy cultures and languages..."

  • Culture and language are also concepts that could each refer to multiple cultures/languages, but that is a broader discussion. Because of this, the text you're reading may be correct. As for getting your own meaning across when writing something similar, I think my examples would be more clear to another person.
    – sirjonsnow
    Apr 17, 2017 at 14:54

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