We highly recommend this record be listened to loud.

We'd recommend you to book your flight early.

Why do we use a bare infinitive for the first and not for the second


Notice that it is grammatical (and perhaps more idiomatic) to say "We'd recommended you book your flight early."

Thus, you have an option to use a bare infinitive in both cases. There is no general rule saying that passive infinitives must be bare although in this specific case I agree that you cannot idiomatically just plunk a "to" in front of the passive infinitive without other changes to the sentence.


recommend, advise, suggest and several other verbs do not take "to infinitives".

We recommend this book to you. We recommend you read this book. We suggest you read this book. We advise you go now.

"Recommend to" is not grammatical in English. Except in sentences like: The book was recommended to me. Passive sentences.

We recommend you book your flight early.

We highly recommend you listen to this record at a high volume.

We highly recommend this record be listened to at a high volume.

"be listened to" is a passive construction from "To listen to a record".

"The record was listened to last night. I can see the scratches on it."

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