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We can think below sentences mean the same thing. But, I think, when I watch an action movie, I hear a lot more "get" than "have". So, I think "get" has a more active or urgent meaning than "have."

He got you admitted to the hospital.
He had you admitted to the hospital.

He got his days mixed up.
He had his days mixed up.

I got myself certified as soon as I got in the program.
I had myself certified as soon as I got in the program.

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Not exactly, although to some extent this is so. There are lots of different nuances in when to use get and when to use have (and when you can or can't use either one), so learning how to use them idiomatically takes a bit of work. Let's see if I can unravel some of the tangle for you.

Get has the primary meaning of acquire, while have has the primary meaning of possess. (You get the feeling of "urgency" because you are picking up on the idea that acquiring something is more active than possessing it.) We often use them to mean pretty much the same thing, but there are some circumstances where they are a bit different.

Your second group of sentences are roughly the same, but with a slightly different shade of meaning. If you look at the primary meanings of the two verbs, you can see that "He got his days mixed up" implies that the mixing up happened at the point in time that the verb refers to, while "He had his days mixed up" implies that it happens at a time previous, and is the existing state at the point in time that the verb refers to.

This example should clarify the distinction:

I got a new car yesterday.
I had a new car yesterday.

The first one means that yesterday I acquired a new car. Perhaps I bought one, perhaps someone gave it to be, but I didn't have the car until after I got it. The second one means that yesterday I was in possession of a new car. This means that I got the car sometime before I had it. (Without any further context, the sentence implies that I no longer have the car, because if something happens in the past, by default it isn't happening now.)

These meanings run together sometimes. For example, I got lunch usually means the same thing as I had lunch. This is because having a meal is the same as eating a meal. (Again, with additional context, there are exceptions. For example, I could walk into the office with an armload of pizzas and tell everyone that I have lunch. In this case, I could also say I brought lunch and mean the same thing.) However, I got lunch can also mean that you paid the bill for everyone in a group, or prepared lunch for everyone, which I had lunch cannot mean. If there is no additional context, they mean the same thing. For example:

I got breakfast, so can you get lunch?
I got lunch for the kids.

The first one means that I paid the breakfast bill, so perhaps you will pay the lunch bill (or it can also mean that I made breakfast, so perhaps you can make lunch). The second one means that you made (or bought) lunch for the kids.

Now, your first group of sentences uses have in a slightly different sense. If you have Joe do something, you are requiring Joe to do it: My mother has me do the cooking on Sundays, for example. So, if you have someone admitted to the hospital, you are doing this on your authority, presumably because you are a doctor. If you get someone admitted to the hospital, you are persuading someone in authority to have them admitted.

Sometimes, this distinction is less clear, as in your third group. You got yourself certified because you are not the person with the authority to do the actual certification, and you had yourself certified because you complied with the rules by which a certification is conferred, so the person with the authority is compelled to obey the rules. So they have much closer to the same meaning. Here's another example of this:

I had him arrested because he broke into my garage.
I got him arrested because he broke into my garage.

The first sentence implies that you told the police to come and arrest him, while the second one implies that you asked them to do so. If someone broke into your garage and gets arrested, the effect is the same whether you had him arrested or got him arrested.

One more example:

I'm having the car fixed.
I'm getting the car fixed.

The first sentence means that you are taking your car somewhere and someone else is fixing your car. The second sentence could mean that, but it could also mean that you are fixing the car yourself.

  • I don't think that the primary meanings have much to do with the actual meanings in this context. – JavaLatte Feb 3 '18 at 10:08
  • @JavaLatte It seems fine to me, and I did give it some thought. Consider these two sentences: "He acquired a confusion about days. He possessed a confusion about days." Don't those demonstrate that the actual meanings in that particular context has something to do with the primary meanings? Furthermore, why is it a bad idea (as you seem to be implying) to give the primary meanings, whether they have much to do with the context or not? – BobRodes Feb 3 '18 at 20:30
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    why try to fit a square peg into a round hole when you have a round peg? – JavaLatte Feb 4 '18 at 5:34
  • @JavaLatte I'm sorry, but I guess i'm not seeing things your way. IMO, the way that meanings of words morph into other meanings is pedagogically useful, at least in my experience in studying other languages. Words like get and have, which have a wide range of meanings, usually don't morph beyond all recognition. So understanding where the meanings derive from is helpful in understanding the nuances of difference between two convergent definitions. – BobRodes Feb 4 '18 at 17:43
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Have and get both have many meanings. In the context of your sentences, these two definitions from the Cambridge Dictionary are appropriate:

have (MAKE HAPPEN): to cause something to happen or someone to do something
get (CAUSE): to cause something to happen, or cause someone or something to do something

Note the differences in the headline words: have is MAKE HAPPEN, which is quite deliberate, whereas get is CAUSE, which could be also used about something that happened accidentally., for example

He got me arrested.- could have been accidental
He had me arrested - deliberate

The Merriam-Webster entry for have (meaning 7) is even more specific, and uses the word COMMAND.

There is no difference in urgency, but have is more formal than get, so get is more likely to be used in an action movie.

For the first and third pair of sentences, both are probably deliberate, so both have and get work.

For second pair of sentences, we expect that the days got mixed up by mistake, rather than intentionally, so only get works for this meaning. This NGram shows that got is used in this context but had isn't. have could be used informally with the meaning of EXPERIENCE in this context.

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