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He came running towards me.

He came towards me running.

Do you find both of the sentences natural? Can we use both the sentences interchangeably?

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The first is far more natural to my ear.

The second expresses essentially the same meaning, but emphasises his mode of locomotion rather than his destination - it emphasises that he was running, as opposed to, say, skateboarding or cartwheeling. Since running is by far the more obvious verb in such a scenario, it sounds rather odd to emphasise it this way. The only situation I can easily imagine using your second sentence is in poetry or literature.

Note that it is however natural to use a non-locomotion verb in that position, for example "He came towards me shouting". This is because the locomotion verb is implied, "He came [running/walking] towards me [while] shouting".

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