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There is the example of sentence below.

she walked slowly down the road, evidently in pain.

As you can see, there is the independent Clause after that, and "comma" is put in sentence which consists the adverb and adjective phrase;this isn't a independent clause.

I just want to know why the "comma" is put in this sentence.

I'd like to listen to your clear explanation.

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  • When you put something is quotes, it means that you're talking about the word itself, not what it refers to. But you're talking about an actual comma, not the word "comma", so it shouldn't be in quotes. And you say "sentence below", but the example isn't actually below. – Acccumulation Feb 1 at 3:57
  • Thanks for your comment. I fix my question!! – bak1936 Feb 1 at 4:04
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If we consider the sentence without the comma:

She walked slowly down the road evidently in pain.

It's confusing because evidently appears to be modifying road, since it follows road immediately.

If we separate the two thoughts into their own sentences:

She walked slowly down the road. Evidently she was in pain.

This is, at least, clear; in terms of readability, the two sentences are a bit choppy, and it might read more easily and be considered to 'flow' better if they were combined.

She walked slowly down the road, evidently in pain.

The two thoughts fit together, the slowness of the walking explained by the evident pain.

I would regard this as a dependent clause; I don't know the exact grammatical structure someone would fit it to, but the comma is necessary and the sentence reads better than its two-sentence equivalent. The version without the comma reads badly and is confusing.

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  • Thanks for your answer. I can understand it easily, Can I, however, change sentence into another form? That is, "She walked slowly down the road, evidently being in pain." – bak1936 Feb 1 at 3:25
  • I think that's grammatically correct, but it sure doesn't sound right. – rcook Feb 1 at 11:29
  • I hit on an idea. I suggest another tranformation of that sentence if possible. That is, She walked slowly down the road, which was evidently in pain. – bak1936 Feb 1 at 21:52
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    The 'which' unfortunately refers to the most recent noun, which is "road". Probably not what you meant. – rcook Feb 2 at 23:02

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