Is the following correct:

There's a sofa, two armchairs, a TV and a big cage for our parrots.

Or should we change it to:

There's a sofa, there are two armchairs, there's a TV and a big cage for our parrots.

  • 7
    There's is different from there is.
    – user230
    Commented Aug 11, 2014 at 13:29
  • 2
    @snailplane how?
    – Maulik V
    Commented Aug 11, 2014 at 16:15
  • 10
    @MaulikV Educated speakers of standard English say There's two reasons but not *There is two reasons, always There are two reasons. Existential there's is becoming an invariant form in informal English, used by millions of speakers who would never use there is the same way, so we can no longer treat the two as the same thing.
    – user230
    Commented Aug 11, 2014 at 16:44
  • 3
    No, they are not.
    – user230
    Commented Aug 12, 2014 at 5:50
  • 1
    Possible duplicate of "There IS/ARE rice, meat and potatoes on my plate"
    – Mari-Lou A
    Commented Jan 1, 2017 at 23:10

3 Answers 3


There's a sofa, two armchairs, a TV and a big cage for our parrots.

This is correct.

There's is a contraction and can mean there is, there has or there are. In this case, it stands for there are. As Snailplane mentions, the there are case has become standard in modern informal English, despite the fact that apostrophe-s isn't a sensible contraction for are. It's inappropriate in formal English to use there's to mean there are, but the same applies to all contractions as a general rule, because contractions are informal.

Why has this happened? Because there's is so ubiquitous and easy to say that this is now how a broad swath of native English speakers naturally talk. And we write the way we talk, so the new meaning of there's is valid in written English as well. Most dictionaries and other English references have not caught up with the new usage, so you won't find an entry in them explaining the there are case. Such materials are (in the case of English) by definition reactive; they don't dictate rules and meanings, they document them, and that takes time and effort.

What happens when we un-contract there's? Let's set aside the there has case, since it's not relevant to the question.

Normally, we conjugate the verb based on the subject. But, there is a dummy subject and can be either singular or plural, so for there is X, we must examine X to determine the plurality of is, as if it were the subject of the sentence. If X is a lone noun, the decision is easy. Use is for singular nouns and are for plural ones.

With lists, we decide how to conjugate based on the list's construction. For a conjunctive list (formed with and), then the correct conjugation is are. For a disjunctive list (formed with or), then the verb is pluralized based on the adjacent list item. For example, there are two small ones or one big one and there is one big one or two small ones. Aside from the exception in the case of or groups, whether the items are plural doesn't matter. A list of singular nouns grouped with and always calls for a plural verb.

These are the standard rules for plural conjugation, and they're unaffected by the new wrinkle in the meaning of there's. There are X [singular] or Y, there are [singular noun], there is A and B, and there is [plural noun] are all ungrammatical.

So, for our example, removing the apostrophe-s yields this:

There are a sofa, two armchairs, a TV and a big cage for our parrots.

Let's examine the proffered amended version.

There's a sofa, there are two armchairs, there's a TV and a big cage for our parrots.

Breaking up the statement into a list of the form there's X, there's Y, and there's Z is valid, though more verbose. But what about each independent clause?

  • There's a sofa - Correct.
  • there are two armchairs - Correct.
  • there's a TV and a big cage for our parrots - Correct. But, this is the same usage of there's as in the original; it stands for there are, because the two items are grouped together with and.

This version is correct, if a little bit awkward sounding, but it still uses there's in the same way as the original. Which is, of course, also correct.

  • 5
    Reminds me of "Here's your keys.".
    – Mori
    Commented Aug 12, 2014 at 10:43
  • 2
    An excellent example of exactly the same phenomenon. The un-contracted version is here are your keys. Commented Aug 12, 2014 at 14:14
  • 1
    Just to make sure: is it correct to say "There are a book and a pen on the desk."?
    – Mori
    Commented Aug 13, 2014 at 4:45
  • 1
    Yes, that's correct. Commented Aug 13, 2014 at 6:06
  • Since you're mentioning the "there has" case, how about "there have"? E.g. "There's been several occasions..."? Would that be weird than the "there are" case or is that just as common in informal English? Commented Jul 21, 2016 at 11:25

A general rule says that a plural verb is used with two or more subjects connected by commas or a conjunction 'and'.

GrammarBook gives an example:

A car and a bike are my means of transportation.

However, to avoid the awkwardness of the sentence, we'll change the order of those things.

There are two armchairs, a sofa, a TV and a big cage for our parrots.

No need to repeat the location there there!

However, using is is not incorrect as well! For example, it's okay to say, "There is a table and four chairs." A senior member on WordReference gives further explanation to this -

You can use either. Number is usually clear in English sentences, but there are many that are unclear, and if you survey English speakers you will often find a 50-50 (or otherwise) division between those who choose singular and those who choose plural.

  • 2
    Please add an example to illustrate what you mean by this: using is is not incorrect as well! I'm having trouble getting the correct meaning out of it. Commented Aug 11, 2014 at 16:59
  • @EsotericScreenName it means using singular is also okay. And the reference is given there in the paragraph. As on the WordReference site.
    – Maulik V
    Commented Aug 12, 2014 at 1:14
  • 1
    Better to put the example in your answer than require people to go elsewhere to understand what you mean. Commented Aug 12, 2014 at 3:32
  • @EsotericScreenName you did not get me. The 'quoted text' talks about it. You don't need to go to that site. Anyway, including an example.
    – Maulik V
    Commented Aug 12, 2014 at 4:27
  • Absolutely right, I didn't get you or the meaning of the quote. Thanks for adding an example :). But I'm afraid it's not correct to say there is a table and four chairs; it should be are. Commented Aug 12, 2014 at 8:04

Because you're listing things you'd use the top one.

'There's' and 'there is' are the same thing. So the top sentence (fully) would be:

There is a sofa, two armchairs, a TV and a big cage for our parrots.

Hope this helps :)

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