a book images

I know in books, "p. 12" means page 12, but what is meant by "n. 9"?

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    Possibly (foot/end)note. Although it would help to know what book EVANS is, as specialist publications may have other abbreviations. Also, what citation style is being used - MLA cites footnotes slightly differently as e.g. 12n9?
    – Stuart F
    Commented Oct 17, 2023 at 9:17
  • You could look in The Varieties of Reference by Gareth Evans (1982) on page 12, and see if there are at least 9 notes, or references to notes, and then see what the one marked '9' looks like... Commented Oct 17, 2023 at 10:53
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    Please don't add 'solved', Reddit style. A question needs an accepted answer to be considered 'solved'. I've rolled back the edit. Commented Oct 17, 2023 at 15:12
  • I don't even see n.x in the image. N means número. Probably a list of points on the page.
    – Lambie
    Commented Oct 17, 2023 at 15:15
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    This book isn't in English. Why are you asking here?
    – gotube
    Commented Oct 17, 2023 at 22:59

1 Answer 1


It means note 9...

Assuming this does refer to Gareth Evans The variety of Reference we find at the bottom of page 12:

enter image description here

... 9Posthumous Writings p.174. I am accepting the dating of this passage, by the editors of the Nachlass, as contemporary with the dialogue with Pünjer, though my case would be much strengthened if the dating, by Scholz, of around 1906 could be substantiated.

That is the date of "1884" is derived from Evans, who has got it from the editors of the unpublished works of Frege, although Evans expresses his doubt.

  • It could be note but it isn't in your snippet.
    – Lambie
    Commented Oct 17, 2023 at 21:54
  • It totally is the snippet It is saying see the note 9 on that page to understand the context for dating to 1884
    – James K
    Commented Oct 18, 2023 at 5:19
  • I cannot see N. in your snippet.
    – Lambie
    Commented Oct 18, 2023 at 14:57
  • @Lambie - Nota in Portuguese starts with an N. It's clearly a convention. Commented Oct 18, 2023 at 15:34
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    I think you miss the point here, The reason I've included the snippet is so that you can see that this note is relevant to the text in the question, from which you may infer that this is indeed the content that the original citation is referring to. And since page 12, note 9 is relevant one can suppose that p.12 n.9 means exactly that. Thus "n.9" must mean note 9.
    – James K
    Commented Oct 18, 2023 at 21:26

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