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Could you please through two simple example show me the difference between these?

  1. a significant correlation between the occurrence of two phenomena (both phenomena generally occur together), or

  2. a temporal relationship between the two (one event occurred after another).

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correlation

Two variables that change value together, either both in the same direction (positive c.) or in the opposite direction (negative c.).

  • When the temperature rises, more ice cream is sold. (positive correlation)
  • When the temperature rises, fewer winter coats are sold. (negative correlation).

Temporal relationship

A chain of events with event A being followed by event B

  • After finishing High School I started College.
  • First we get married, then we start a family.
  • The clouds are building up, there will soon be a thunderstorm.
  • Forgot one classic example for temporal: January, February, March,... – Stephie Jan 3 '15 at 18:42
  • Also, correlation is not causation. When the trees shake back and forth, the wind blows. (positive correlation, but the trees don't cause the wind.) – Jasper Mar 5 '15 at 0:03

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