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This is a sentence from Beyond Good and Evil:

The question is, how far an opinion is life-furthering, life- preserving, species-preserving, perhaps species-rearing, and we are fundamentally inclined to maintain that the falsest opinions (to which the synthetic judgments a priori belong), are the most indispensable to us, that without a recognition of logical fictions, without a comparison of reality with the purely IMAGINED world of the absolute and immutable, without a constant counterfeiting of the world by means of numbers, man could not live—that the renunciation of false opinions would be a renunciation of life, a negation of life.

I understood the meaning of sentence, but the structure of sentence is difficult to understand. Please explain.

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  • If you understand the meaning, in what capacity do you want to understand the structure? Theory about sentence structure in English is fairly limited. May 24 '20 at 2:59
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It’s all just lists.

The author states "the question is" and then poses a list of two questions (one is misformed in the original posting).

Each question is a fully formed sentence.

The first question asks about a list of "X-preserving" actions.

The second question "are we inclined to maintain...." is followed by a list of "that" clauses, and the second contains a list of "without" phrases.

So while the author states "the question is", I count 9 different questions.

The question is:

(Q1) "how far an opinion is

  • life-furthering,
  • life- preserving,
  • species-preserving,
  • perhaps species-rearing,"

and

(Q2) "we areare we fundamentally inclined to maintain

  • that the falsest opinions (to which the synthetic judgments a priori belong), are the most indispensable to us,
  • that (
    • without a recognition of logical fictions,
    • without a comparison of reality with the purely IMAGINED world of the absolute and immutable,
    • without a constant counterfeiting of the world by means of numbers, ) man could not live
  • that the renunciation of false opinions would be a renunciation of life, a negation of life."

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