Imagine you see this headline:

political hate campaign

Could that be used with these meanings:

1 - politicians that use hate in their campaign towards some other politicians

2 - people that carry out a hate campaign against politicians, as a sign of revolt at them.

  • You capitalized Hate Campaign, as if it is a known thing, was this intentional? Such as 'Black Lives Matter' is a cultural movement, as 'black lives matter' is merely a phrase.
    – user19179
    Sep 10, 2021 at 14:01
  • I didn't mean to capitalize, sorry! What i have in mind is the word 'hate' can lead the phrase to thse two alternative meaning
    – user143264
    Sep 10, 2021 at 14:06
  • 1
    Newspaper headlines are not sentences, they are written to influence people to buy and/or to read them. There are many many examples of ambiguous (and often humorously ambiguous) newspaper headlines. Don't try to assign a specific meaning to a part of a newspaper headline; rather find a sentence in the full newspaper article and ask about the meaning of that sentence. Sep 10, 2021 at 14:11
  • This seems to be a duplicate of ell.stackexchange.com/questions/296935/… Sep 10, 2021 at 14:31
  • It is, @kate Bunting. I really wanted to learn the clarification from some native English speaker
    – user143264
    Sep 10, 2021 at 14:51

1 Answer 1


Right, ok:

So, a hate campaign is a campaign of hate. It can be qualified: a political campaign of hate, AKA, a political hate campaign. That would mean an individual or organization or politician involved in spreading "political hate" towards some group. A nasty business, to be sure. The political refers to the field of endeavor (the political arena) and not the person necessarily, i.e., the politician.

Please note: A campaign can be carried out by a politician running for office (BrE: standing for office) or any other individual or group. There are a lot of social media campaigns in favor of this or that or against this or that.


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