My word is for postfixes (they call them suffixes) forming adjectives, very often I face missing English counterparts speaking of rich in adjectives (they are formed easily with almost no snobbish overhead i.e. 'censorship') Bulgarian language.
One of my wishes is to have all such postfixes in order to ease getting the whole picture while offering some useful statistical 'guidance'. Thus the brevity (one word) would be more expressive as well, not to mention the ?ringiness?. For example, very often I struggle to find the English counterparts (both noun and adjective ones) to 'zvutchen/zvutchnost' and I use non-established 'ringy/ringiness' after the notion of: have a ring to it - if a word or idea has a ring to it, it sounds interesting or attractive
Please, share with me/us a book or an Internet page dealing exhaustively with 'adjective forming'. I found a good Internet resource (http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/adj-forms.html) on this theme, but it doesn't exhaust the matter, I need as full as possible list of those postfixes!
Good leads to good, one beautiful unknown to me word popped up there: Adjectivalization – in linguistics, the forming of words from other categories , nouns and verbs, by suffixation. (Huddleston 1706).
-AL relating to
-ARY relating to quality or place
-FUL full of
-IC having the nature of; caused by
-ICAL having the nature of
-ISH origin, nature
-OUS quality, nature
On a '-Y' note, in many TV series I hear marginal (almost invalid) coinages as 'sciency' (stands for science+Y) encountered in 'Stargate Atlantis', there the military guy said 'This guy doesn't look sciency to me.' referring to one who pretended to be from scientific community.
My add-on includes:
-AN e.g. BulgariAN, NewtoniAN
-ESQUE e.g. Hollywoodesque
-ID e.g. demonoID
-AR e.g. lineAR
-ORY e.g. derogatORY
-ESE e.g. tabloidESE - (neologism, chiefly literature) The writing style of tabloid journalism.
-ESE e.g. DublinESE - The dialect spoken in Dublin.
For some reason Wiktionary omitted the adjectival usage, they define the above two as nouns only!?
We have 'NewtoniAN' while 'NewtonESQUE' is kinda marginal but still has its place.
Also we have 'HitleriAN' and 'HitlerESQUE', however it is difficult for me to discern, they appear fully interchangeable to me.
In Russian and Bulgarian '-ESQUE' counterpart is '-SKI', these forms are widely used, for above pair the second dominates, namely 'Гитлеровская/Хитлеристка'.
English Wiktionary says for first: Of, relating to, or resembling Hitler (the German chancellor) or his actions.
English Wiktionary says for second: "Reminiscent of Adolf Hitler."
Ha, one adjective eludes me, how to form a/the adjectival form of tweet/twitter? First being the object second being the subject, what are the well coined variants!
What else adjectivalizationAL forms are missing from above list?!
Oh, just looked up for 'blackadder' adjective:
"A striking vision of artistic compromise, personal sacrifice and political brutality, rendered in what is often a somewhat Blackadderish style."– Evening Standard
"In any case, the narrative of this novel blisters along with a Blackadderish cunning." /'Memoirs of a Gnostic Dwarf' book/
"It's recognisably Blackadderish in its approach to history, silly and inventive and with a good line in visual gags."– independent.co.uk
"Is Roland Emmerich's Blackadderish romp about the real author of Shakespeare's plays also a piece of post-structuralist genius?"– theguardian.com
It turns out that British newspapers use it to/for a good measure.
Also, couldn't resist not to look into Google Books corpus (2013 edition) featuring 7,477,257 distinct words: [&blackadder&] 0,000,046 blackadder /Google_Books_corpus_version_20130501_English_All_Nodes.txt.rip1gram.txt.sorted/ [&blackadder&] 0,000,008 blackadders /Google_Books_corpus_version_20130501_English_All_Nodes.txt.rip1gram.txt.sorted/
Confusing, such richness (3.5 million English books, 345 billion words corpus spanning a 200+ years period) and lacking the beautiful 'Blackadderish'.
To summarize, which (grammar) books/resources explaining the suffixes to their fullest you can recommend?
Scary, 3 years and 5 months passed already!
Yet, my obsession remains, glad to share my latest Suffixes-Showdown-Booklet in PDF, 2 pages long and 322 suffixes strong:
Hope, the feedback (both destructive and constructive) from StackExchange community will help in refining it!