I’m asking about usage of “refer” and “refer to”.
Can one say “refer to the letter”?
Is “refer the letter” enough?
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Refer can mean that someone is referring to something, usually for information (e.g. refer to a letter, refer to Wikipedia, refer to the manual etc) and it can also mean to send some person to someone else for further investigation. E.g. "I will refer my patient to a heart specialist", or "I'll refer you to an hand-writing expert to analyse the letter". However, I cannot think of a valid usage case for referring an object in this way e.g. "I will refer the letter to a hand-writing expert".
"Refer to the letter" is an instruction asking someone to look to a specific letter for reference. You may also hear "I refer you to the letter". In this context, refer means "direct the attention of someone to".
"Refer the letter" is not a complete sentence, as it is missing a subject. You might say "refer the letter to your legal team". Here, "refer" means "send or direct someone to".