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I have some troubles in determining the titles of my dissertation. In a chapter, I have several subsections, each section considers different circumstances, should I set the titles of these sections to be:

  • When add link 1
  • When add link 2
  • when improve factor 2

or

  • When adding link 1
  • When adding link 2
  • when improving factor 2

or

  • When link 1 is added
  • When link 2 is added
  • when factor 2 is improved

Which approach above is preferred if I want my language to be concise and formal. Are they all acceptable in oral communication?

I think the expression "when add link 1" may not be proper or grammatically correct, what about the other twos? Are there any more recommended ways to convey the same idea?

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The first three are simply incorrect grammatically

The second three and the third three are grammatically correct.

However, as a matter of style, the second three create a different expectation of what is being introduced than do the third three. "When adding X" uses a present participle and so tends to create an expectation that what will follow relates to the process of doing the addition. "When X is added" uses a past participle and so tends to create an expectation that what will follow relates to the results of the addition.

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