Some adjectives--for example: new, old, bad, good—may have two meanings, one of which taken separately, may or may not deny the other, for example:
Old: of long duration (not new), and attained an advanced age
New: not of long duration; having just (or relatively recently) come into being or been made or acquired or discovered, and other than the former one
Good: of moral excellence, and with or in a close or intimate relationship
Bad: capable of harming, and characterized by wickedness or immorality
More generally, the question is this:
Can a noun be modified by the same two adjectives that, taken separately, have different meanings, the other meaning is capable of just been guessed? Would it help the interlocutor to guess the difference in meaning of the two by adding some adverb—really, actually, genuinely for example, like in"He is an old and really/ actually/ genuinely old friend of mine?
Specifically, the question is:
How can something both old (of long duration; not new) and old (attained an advanced age) such as a friend be described?