In the dictionary
infect (verb) to make a disease or an illness spread to a person, an animal or a plant
infect somebody/something It is not possible to infect another person through kissing.
infect somebody/something with something people infected with HIV
But we also have the verb "transmit"
[transitive] (formal) to pass something from one person to another synonym transfer
transmit something sexually transmitted diseases
transmit something to somebody Parents can unwittingly transmit their own fears to their children.
And the verb Spread
[intransitive, transitive] to affect or make something affect, be known by, or be used by more and more people
(+ adv./prep.) The disease spreads easily.
Within weeks, his confidence had spread throughout the team.
Use of computers spread rapidly during that period.
spread something to spread rumours/lies about somebody
The disease is spread by mosquitoes.
So what is the common way to express the idea.
"you infected me with your disease"
or "you transmitted your disease to me"
or "you spread your disease to me"